(v4.0)

Section 1 of 3:  Recommended Photos/Videos/Reading

Global (in English) Greater China (in English) Greater China (in Chinese)
Mexico: The War on Journalists Alma Guillermoprieto, NYROB
Hispanic, Latino, or neither? Why people can't agree on these labels Vox
Owen Jones talks to Calais migrants: "They forget we are human" New Statesman
Who Profits From the Bangkok Bombing? Pepe Escobar, CounterPunch
A Critical Realization About Journalism is Learned by Being its Subject Glenn Greenwald, The Intercept
Explosions shock China's Tianjin port The Big Picture, Boston Globe
When One App Rules Them All: The Case of WeChat and Mobile in China Connie Chan

What China thinks of Donald Trump  Ana Swanson, Wonkblog
Turkey's "Passports for Uyghurs" Scheme Continues Its Messy Public Unraveling China Matters
Another Shoe Drops in the Turkish Passports for Uyghurs Case China Matters

《宋淇传奇》:是为君子 和而不流  新京報書評周刊
对话张爱玲(少帅)背后团队:为什么我们不做书城模式 Tech.163.com
宋家父子看「雨傘運動」 馮睎乾,蘋果日報
輕逸與深情讀《宋淇傳奇》郭梓祺
我讀《宋淇傳奇》  馮睎乾

Section 2 of 3:  Brief comments

[This is a collection of information on the Occupy Central movement/revolution (also known as the Umbrella movement/revolution) in Hong Kong. This is not comprehensive coverage by any means. Many perspectives are already available in abundance in English (see, for example, Reddit on Umbrella Revolution), so there is no need for me to duplicate them here. Instead, the focus here is on popular Chinese-language materials that are not otherwise available in English. Most of the information is gathered from mainstream media, social media (Facebook, YouTube, discussion forums (mainly Hong Kong Discussion Forum, Hong Kong Golden Forum, HKGalden, Uwants and Baby Kingdom), blogs and polling data). The YouTube/Facebook videos have people speaking in the Cantonese dialect and the discussion forums often use uniquely Hong Kong Internet language that is not even comprehensible to mainland Chinese citizens. My contribution is to compile and translate into English these otherwise unknown materials to provide a fuller view of the Occupy Central movement.]

Q1. The ratings of the 20 pan-democratic legislative councilors were as follows (from low to high):
39.9 Leung Kwok-hung (League of Social Democrats)
40.6 Raymond Wong Yuk-man
41.9 Chan Wai-yip (League of Social Democrats)
42.3 Chan Chi-chuen (People Power)
44.1 Albert Ho Chun-yan (Democratic Power)
44.5 Lee Cheuk-yan (Labour Party)
45.6 Claudia Mo Man-ching (Civic Party)
47.8 Cyd Ho Sau-lan (Labour Party)
48.3 Gary Fan Kwok-wai (Neo-democrats)
49.1 Alan Leong Kah-kit (Civic Party)
50.8 Emily Lau Wai-hing (Democratic Party)
50.9 Woo Chi-wai (Democratic Party)
52.0 Helen Wong Pik-wan (Democratic Party)
52.1 Sin Chung-kai (Democratic Party)
52.7 Leung Yiu-chung (Neighborhood Worker Service)
53.0 Kwok Ka-ki (Civic Party)
53.9 James To Kun-sun (Democratic Party)
54.1 Kenneth Chan Ka-lok (Civic Party)
55.0 Fernando Cheung Chiu-hung (Labour Party)
56.8 Frederick Fung Kin-kee (ADPL)

Q2. Top 10 Legislators in approve rates (with Net approval rates = Approve - Disapprove)
63.1% (+43.5%) Frederick Fung Kin-kee (ADPL)
57.5% (+33.2%) James To Kun-sun (Democratic Party)
55.4% (+21.5%) Emily Lau Wah-hing (Democratic Party)
51.9% (+15.0%) Alan Leong Kah-kit (Civic Party)
49.1% (+29.9%) Sin Chung-kai (Democratic Party)
47.9% (+26.3%) Fernando Cheung Chiu-hung (Labour Party)
46.7% (+22.8%) Helen Wong Pik-wan (Democratic Party)
45.0% (+0.7%) Lee Cheuk-yan (Labour Party)
44.0% (+9.4%) Cyd Ho Sau-lan (Labour Party)
43.3% (-1.0%) Albert Ho Chun-yan

Q3. Top 10 Legislators in disapproval rates (with Net Approval Rate = Approve - Disapprove)
51.9% (-12.2%) Raymond Wong Yuk-man
51.0% (-9.9%) Leung Kwok-hung (League of Social Democrats)
45.5% (-2.6%) Chan Wai-yip (League of Social Democrats)
44.3% (+0.7%) Lee Cheun-yan (Labour Party)
44.3% (-1.0%) Albert Ho Chun-yan (Democratic Party)
39.7% (-6.2%) Chan Chi-chuen (People Power)
38.7% (+0.3%) Claudia Mo Man-ching (Civic Party)
36.9% (+15%) Alan Leong Kah-kit (Civic Party)
34.6% (9.4%) Cyd Ho Saul-lan (Labour Party)
33.9% (+21.5%) Emily Lau Wai-hing (Democratic Party)

Q4. Pan-democratic non-legislators ranked by disapproval rate (with Net Approval Rate = Approve - Disapprove)
46.5% (-10.2%) Joshua Wong Chi-fung (Scholarism)
46.2% (-17.0%) Jimmy Lai Chi-ying (Next Media)
44.2% (-10.7%) Benny Tai Yiu-ting (Hong Kong University)
41.3% (-4.9%) Joseph Zen (Catholic Church)
31.6% (+16.6%) Martin Lee Chu-ming (Democratic Party)
28.9% (9.1%) Robert Chung Ting-yiu (Hong Kong University Public Opinion Programme)
26.3% (26.8%) Audrey Eu Yuet-mee (Civic Party)

Internet comments:

- How bad were they? There happens to be a comparative norm -- against Chinese Communist Parties who are dictators who never go elected by popular mandate.

(Hong Kong University Public Opinion Programme) 1,003 Hong Kong residents were interviewed on August 14-20. The ratings for the recent Chinese Communist leaders were:

63.9: Wen Jiabao
61.9: Xi Jinping
58.1: Li Keqiang
55.9: Hu Jintao

Q1. Do you agree that the Hong Kong University Council has the ultimate authority to make the decision to appoint the pro vice chancellor?
75%: Yes
11%: No
8%: Hard to say
6%: No opinion

Q2. If the University Council ultimately rejects the recommendation by the selection committee, do you think this decision violates the principle of "self-determination and freedom" for the school?
30%: Yes
51%: No
11%: Hard to say
8%: No opinion

Q3. Do you accept that a person with clear political positions becomes the pro vice chancellor at a university?
21%: Accept
65%: Does not accept
9%: Hard to say
5%: No opinion

Q4. Do you approve of the actions of the students and activists against the University Council earlier?
17%: Approve
70%: Disapprove
8%: Hard to say
5%: No opinion

Q5. Do you think those who attacked the University Council should be held accountable?
56%: Yes
24%: No
14%: Hard to say
6%: No opinion

(Hong Kong Free Press) Occupy protesters get community service for smashing LegCo door. July 14, 2015.

Protesters who smashed into the Legislative Council building during last years pro-democracy Occupy protests have each been sentenced to 150 hours of community service.

The four protesters Cheng Yeung, Tai Chi-shing, Cheung Chi-pong and Shek Ka-fai, aged between 18 and 24 previously pleaded guilty to criminal damage and unlawful assembly. On Monday, they agreed to serve the community service and pay court costs of HK$500 each at the Eastern Magistrate Courts in Sai Wan Ho.

Principal magistrate Bina Chainrai refused the prosecutions request that the accused pay a total amount of almost HK$587,000 in reparations, saying that the prosecutors report failed to illustrate the value of the destroyed items. She suggested the prosecutor commence civil proceedings instead if they wish to receive compensation through the court.

The four were among numerous protesters who gathered outside the legislature in November in response to a false rumour that an Internet Article 23 bill would be passed that day. The rumoured ordinance proposed to regulate internet use in the territory and potentially criminalise popular online parodies.

The incident was also seen as an attempt to escalate the stagnant Occupy movement, thereby applying more pressure upon the government. The move was met with disapproval by the majority of protesters, earning condemnation from pan-democrats and student groups.

Although Labour Party vice-chairman Fernando Cheung Chiu-hung attempted to persuade protesters to leave the scene, he was dismissed immediately. The accused used metal barriers and bricks to break the buildings glass doors, making way for dozens of protesters to enter the LegCo complex.

The event was a turning point for the pro-democracy movement, precipitating a split between mainstream pan-democrats and those pressing for more forceful forms of protest.

(Oriental Daily) July 14, 2015.

The prosecution requested the court to pay more than $580,000 in reparations for property damage. The defendants claimed through their lawyers that they are unable to pay the amount, because they work only as salesman, kitchen workers and accounting clerks with just over $10,000 in month income. The magistrate said that the amount exceeded the $100,000 maximum for the lower court and suggested that the prosecution should commence civil proceedings to recover the cost.

(Wen Wei Po) August 19, 2015.

At court yesterday, the prosecution pointed out that the sentence of community service does not accurately reflect the seriousness of the nearly riotous activity. Therefore, the prosecution is appealing to replace community service by jail term. At court yesterday, the prosecution showed the news video for the first time. It can be seen that defendants Cheng and Tai held up the iron barrier and ram it against the glass door. Cheung used a metal rod to bash the glass door. Shek kicked the glass door with his foot.

The defense said that the reporters were in proximity to the defendants and they did not exhibit any fear. Therefore, the case must surely not be as serious as the prosecution asserts. After all, nobody got hurt. The magistrate asked: "Is a picture worth more than a thousand words?"

The defense lawyer for defendant Cheng said that his client quit his job in order to participate in Occupy Central, spent a whole month sleeping in the street and got emotionally upset, butthis shows that he is a young man who cares about society. The defense lawyer also said that the defendants did not enter the building after they broke though, so this proves that they merely wanted to express their discontent and they had not intention of entering/occupying the building. Furthermore, the defendants acted because of some incorrect information about Internet Article 23, and therefore they were victims themselves.

The four defendants were charged with participating in an illegal assembly at the Legislative Council building on November 19, 2014. They were also charged with destroying 9 glass doors, 7 glass walls, the ceiling and 25 manhole covers costing $587,000 to repair/replace.

(SCMP) Hong Kong protesters handed jail time for using metal barrier to charge doors of Legco building. August 26, 2015.

Three protesters previously sentenced to community service for breaking doors at the Legislative Council building during a rally last year had their sentences changed to 3 months in jail on Tuesday after a magistrate reconsidered the violent nature of their actions.

Tai Chi-shing, 24, Cheung Chi-pong, 23, and Shek Ka-fai, 24, were jailed by Principal Magistrate Bina Chainrai at Eastern Court. They were released on bail, pending an appeal.

Their co-accused, Cheng Yeung, 19, was remanded in custody, pending a series of reports for sentencing on September 8.

In July, the four were ordered to perform 150 hours of community service, but the Department of Justice has since conducted a review of their punishments.

Chainrai said she considered the non-custodial sentence inappropriate after hearing submissions from the prosecution and given the level of violence, the number of people involved, the extensive damage caused as well as the intimidating nature of the gathering giving rise to reasonable fear among bystanders.

The four had pleaded guilty to one count of unlawful assembly and another of criminal damage in using a metal barrier to charge at the Legco building in Admiralty on November 19 last year.

At a hearing earlier this month to review the sentences, the prosecution played video exhibits to the court showing how Tai and Cheung charged the glass doors of the building several times while holding the steel barriers during that nights protest against proposed amendments to the Copyright Ordinance.

Shek was seen prodding the doors with a metal pole, while Cheng was captured banging a door once with a metal barrier.

On Tuesday, barrister Johnny So Chun-man, for Cheng and Cheung, said in mitigation submissions that the rally was an extension of the Occupy movement last year and that the two were emotional and made a bad decision.

(Hong Kong Free Press) Occupy protesters who smashed door at legislature get jail time after Dept. of Justice appeal. August 25, 2015.

Protesters who smashed a door at the Hong Kong legislature during last years pro-democracy Occupy protests will now face three-and-a-half months imprisonment instead of 150 hours community service following an appeal by the Department of Justice. The DoJ argued that the original sentence was not heavy enough.

The four defendants, who were charged with criminal damage and taking part in an unlawful assembly, appeared at Eastern Magistrates Court on Tuesday morning.

Three were given jail time and released on bail, though their lawyers have said they will appeal the sentence. The fourth defendants case has been adjourned to next month in anticipation of a report from the detention centre, as he was only 19 years old at the time of the incident, local media reported.

Videos of the incident:

Internet comments:

Schadenfreude!

- I was eating at a restaurant when the television broadcast this piece of news. A number of customers spontaneously applauded. We haven't forgiven them yet for what they did!

- That 150 hours of community service was absurd. Do you remember the civil servant who had to serve 200 hours of community service because he used a fake doctor's note to take four sick days off. Take a look at these photos. Which is worse?

- This was civil disobedience. Benny Tai said so. Civil disobedience should never be punished, especially since they are fighting for genuine universal suffrage for the people of Hong Kong.
- I am a teacher and I couldn't go to Occupy Central every day because of my job. But those who engaged in civil disobedience has earned my respect, especially the young people who are the future pillars of society.
- Fuck! If these people are the pillars of society, then Hong Kong will sink into the mud! And another big Fuck You! for being all talk and no action.
- So what if a window or two got broken? More windows are broken each time that a typhoon hits Hong Kong.
- Those four young men tried to defend themselves with the iron barriers, which hit the glass door by accident. Community service was the appropriate punishment.
- Smashing the glass door is no different from Raymond Wong Yuk-man throwing a glass of water at Chief Executive CY Leung. Nobody got hurt. No harm, no foul. The four defendants should be released immediately just as Raymond Wong Yuk-man should be. That is, if rule-of-law prevails.
- Apart from anything else, Raymond Wong smashed one glass whereas these four guys caused $587,000 in damages. And that magistrate won't even make them pay for it! Instead, the magistrate recommended the prosecution to purse a civil case!
- If I come to your house and cause $587,000 in damages, is that okay with you as long as I didn't hurt you?

- The relevant statute is: Cap 200 s 60 Destroying or damaging property. The relevant punishment of offences is Cap 200 s63:

(1) A person guilty of arson under section 60 or of an offence under section 60(2) (whether arson or not) shall be liable on conviction upon indictment to imprisonment for life.
(2) A person guilty of any other offence under this Part shall be liable on conviction upon indictment to imprisonment for 10 years.

If creating $587,000 in property damages brings only 3-1/2 months of jail, then you need to create at least $587,000 x 120 / 3.5 = $20,125,714 in property damages to earn the maximum of 10 years in jail. Just thought that you might want to know.

- On the first day of Occupy Central, legislator Lee Cheuk-yan said that if you get arrested by the police, you should shout out your name and Hong Kong ID number and then hundreds of lawyers will come out to represent you. I wonder how many lawyers are representing these four defendants. This is relevant because the four have been disowned by both the pan-democratic politicians as well as the students for their violent behavior.

- There was a reason why the sentence was 3-1/2 months of jail and not less. See Wikipedia on Criminal Records in Hong Kong.

Criminal records are not purged regardless of time or seriousness of the case.

However, under the Rehabilitation of Offenders Ordinance (HK Laws. Chap 297), a criminal record is considered 'spent' if it was the first criminal offence, sentenced to less than 3 months in jail or fined less than $10,000 and a period of 3 years has elapsed since conviction and no new conviction is registered against the said person.

Spent records are recorded as such with the exception to:

  • Attempting to be licensed as a barrister, solicitor, accountant or insurance broker
  • Applying to become a trustee or controller for Mandatory Provident Fund or a bank controller, executive or employee
  • Disciplinary proceedings against any judicial officer, members of disciplined services, probation officer, employees of Hong Kong Monetary Authority, Mandatory Provident Fund Schemes Authority, Office of the Commissioner of Insurance (insurance officers) and Securities and Futures Commission (executive grade only)
  • Disciplinary proceedings against government officials who are paid on any Directorate or Directorate (Judicial/Legal Group) Pay Scale and those above point 27 on the Master Pay Scale.

All Hong Kong residents who plan to adopt children or travel/emigrate to another country can request for a Certificate of No Criminal Conviction - a document that is issued directly to the Consulate and/or government agencies and not to the requester. Spent records do appear on such certificates with annotations that such records are spent according to Hong Kong law.

- I read the fine print. The magistrate sentenced the three to 3-1/2 months in jail. However, since the defendants had already completed 24 hours out of their 150 community service hours, the magistrate reduced their jail time by 1/3. This magistrate badly needs a calculator, because 24/150 = 16% and not 33%.

- Since these defendants don't have money, they will get legal aid for their appeal. It's a lot cheaper to just let them go.

- These defendants used a victimization strategy -- they said that they were misinformed by other individuals and therefore they are victims too. The same strategy can be adapted for all those who were charged with illegal assembly during Occupy Central -- Benny Tai told us that Occupy Central was a righteous act of civil disobedience for which there are no legal consequences. We believed him and therefore we are victims too.

- Why did one magistrate impose community service at the initial trial, but another magistrate imposed jail sentences upon appeal? The difference was that the prosecution presented the news video of the event.
I suspect that the first magistrate was being very rash. Perhaps the prosecution offered to show her the tapes, but she said not to waste her time.
She "refused the prosecutions request that the accused pay a total amount of almost HK$587,000 in reparations, saying that the prosecutors report failed to illustrate the value of the destroyed items." Perhaps the prosecution offered to provide with the details, but she said not to waste her time.
- That scenario is wrong. The defendants pleaded guilty directly so that no evidence was presented to the magistrate. Based upon the fact that the defendants had no prior records, were gainfully employed, entered a guilty plea without contest, avoided the expense of holding the trial and promising not to ever do this again, the magistrate imposed the lenient sentences. This was good strategizing by the defense lawyers. However, the prosecutor appealed the sentences and presented the videos to the same magistrate for the first time. Everything changed, for this not the run-of-the-mill sit-down in the middle of the road. This society would break down if such activities become routine. Even if the magistrate had personally seen the news reports at the time, they are not admissible evidence for the case and she must exclude them from her considerations.
- Interesting. The magistrate said that the normal sentence for criminal destruction of property was 3 months, but she reduced it to 1-1/2 months due to mitigating circumstances. The normal sentence for illegal assembly was 6 months, but she reduced it to 3-1/2 months due to mitigating circumstances. The two sentences were to be served concurrently and that was why the total jail term was 3-1/2 months. So remember this: the starting point for illegal assembly is 6 months. Are you listening ... Joshua Wong, Alex Chow, Nathan Law, etc?

- The case of the attack on former Ming Pao chief editor Kevin Lau ended with the two attackers being sentenced to 19-year jail terms (see EJinsight). But the outcome was unsatisfactory because we still don't know who paid these two men to do it. And what was the reason?
In like manner, the jail sentences for the four defendants may be satisfying in themselves, but we still don't know who manufactured the rumor that the Legislative Council would be holding a hearing the next day on Internet Article 23. And why?
- At the time, one theory was that there were policemen pretending to be demonstrators and egging others (including the four defendants) on  (ref: a self-proclaimed eyewitness at the scene: Commercial Radio HK, or Lee Wei-ling at Apple Daily). Of course, it is always somebody else's fault and you don't know enough to tell right from wrong.

- The defendants want to appeal the sentence. There have been previous cases in which an appeal led to a heavier sentence, because the defendant clearly showed no remorse and insisted on wasting the court's time.

- There are more than 600 comments in this tread already. The comments are almost completely one-sided, except for that one troll who is trying to be difficult. However, you shouldn't expect Apple Daily to report this (even though their news gathering activities are now almost completely based upon the Internet).

(SCMP) Former inmate challenges policy over Chinese and Western meals in Hong Kong prisons. August 19, 2015.

A protester who was jailed for throwing an egg at Financial Secretary John Tsang Chun-wah has accused the Correctional Services Department of racial discrimination for serving him smaller Chinese-style meals instead of larger Western portions.

League of Social Democrats secretary general Derek Chan Tak-cheung, who was jailed for three weeks, claimed in a High Court document that the arrangement was unlawful and unconstitutional.

Chan said he was detained at Lai Chi Kok Reception Centre between April 29 and May 2, and at Tong Fuk Correctional Institution from May 2 to 19. But he soon noticed that the diet provided to Chinese prisoners was different from what was given to Western inmates.

He said that the Chinese breakfast included rice with a little meat, while the Western meal had cheese, jam, butter, toast and milk tea. The Chinese lunch was congee with beans, Chinese tea and a piece of bread, while the Western one consisted of a hamburger, vegetables, a boiled egg, toast, potatoes and milk tea. For dinner, the Chinese meal options were vegetables and meat, fried fish with bones or chicken wings, while the Western options included a hamburger, pork, boneless fried fish steak, fried chicken wings, potatoes, baked beans in tomato sauce, bread, butter and jam, and milk tea. Sometimes the Western diet would provide deep-fried chicken wings, which were not available in the Chinese diet. The portion for the Western diet was also larger, Chan wrote in the document.

He observed that officers classified prisoners by their skin colour. Those with yellow skin would be given Chinese meals, while those with black or white skin would receive Western-style food.

Chan tested the arrangement on his last day in prison by asking for a Western meal, but he was refused.

For the avoidance of doubt, both the Chinese diet and the Western diet are normal prison diets, and [Chan] was not asking for a diet that differs from the normal prison diet, the document stated.

Chan claimed that he understood and believed this was the departments practice. However, he found this arrangement breached the Race Discrimination Ordinance and Article 25 of the Basic Law, which states that all Hong Kong residents shall be equal before the law. He asked the court to review the departments arrangement.

Meanwhile, the department said its prison meals were in line with all legal requirements for providing simple and wholesome food to inmates. Weight and nutritional value of meals were approved by accredited dietitians, the Department of Health and in accordance with international health guidelines.

All newly-housed inmates are assigned rice-based staple meals, known as the dietary scale one. Inmates can then apply to change to other food categories, according to their health, dietary or religious needs.

If there are appropriate reasons, the department will help them change their meal plan dietary scale two includes curry and chapati as staple food; dietary scale three includes potatoes and bread as staple food; and dietary scale four comprises a vegan meal. The CSD has a total of 29 types of meal available, according to a spokesman.

(EJinsight) Activist files lawsuit against meal discrimination in HK jails. August 18, 2015.

Why is it that Western inmates are given better food than their local and Asian counterparts in Hong Kong prisons? This is the gist of a petition for judicial review that a pro-democracy activist filed with the High Court on Tuesday.

In the petition, Derek Chan Tak-cheung, secretary general of the League of Social Democrats, complained that Chinese and other Asian prisoners are not allowed to take Western meals, which he said could be a form of racial discrimination and a violation of Article 25 of the Basic Law.

He said the servings and contents of Western and Chinese meals are considerably different.

For instance, Western lunch is much richer, consisting of a hamburger, vegetables, eggs, potatoes and milk tea. On the other hand, a Chinese lunch only comprises congee, tea and a slice of bread.

Chan said the assignment of what kind of meals an inmate gets is done according to the prisoners skin color. Based on his experience in prison, he said, those with yellow skin are given Chinese meals while Caucasians and black people get Western meals. At present, Asians and other foreigners are separated while dining.

Chan called for the removal of the policy as it is discriminatory.

Chan served a three-week jail sentence in late April and May in Tong Fok prison after he was found guilty of common assault for throwing eggs at Financial Secretary John Tsang Chun-wah during a public forum in December 2013.

(Coconuts Hong Kong) Egg-throwing inmate complains of racist Hong Kong prison food. August 20, 2015.

An activist who was jailed for three weeks for throwing an egg at Financial Secretary John Tsang has complained that the meal allocation system in prison is racist. Derek Chan of the League of Social Democrats said he was served smaller Chinese-style meals instead of hearty Western portions just because of the colour of his skin.

He was detained at Lai Chi Kok Reception Centre between April 29 and May 2, and at Tong Fuk Correctional Institution from May 2 to 19, according to the SCMP.

In an official document submitted to the High Court, Chan said the meal system was unconstitutional and unlawful. He claimed yellow"-skinned inmates received rice and meat for breakfast, compared to cheese, jam, butter, toast and milk tea for white or black inmates.

For lunch he was served congee and beans, Chinese tea and bread, while the foreigners got a hamburger, veggies, a boiled egg, toast, potatoes and milk tea. For dinner, Chan says he got vegetables and meat, chicken wings and fried fish with bones.

The Westerners, however, got a boneless fried fish steak, pork, chicken wings, (another) hamburger (more) potatoes, baked beans(!), bread, butter, jam, and milk tea.

Jeez. Were pretty sure the Western diet was designed by an American. No offence, fatties.

Sometimes the Western diet would provide deep-fried chicken wings, which were not available in the Chinese diet. The portion for the Western diet was also larger, Chan wrote in his complaint.

However, the Correctional Services Department has responded by saying all prison meals have been approved by dieticians and are in line with the requirement to provide simple and wholesome food to inmates. They also said inmates can change to a choice of 29 meal types if they apply through the proper channels.

Whos betting juice cleanse and paleo are on that list somewhere?

(SCMP) A continental breakfast behind bars in Hong  Kong jails. August 20, 2015.

The League of Social Democrats (LSD) is fighting hard for gender and racial equalities - in our jails.

Last year, LSD co-founder and lawmaker "Long Hair" Leung Kwok-hung sued the Correctional Services Department for making him cut his signature locks. His argument was that women prisoners could keep their hair long, so why couldn't he?

Hummm, it sounds like vexatious litigation to me.

But his LSD sidekick Derek Chan Tak-cheung may have a better argument about racial discrimination in terms of the different food being served to prisoners based on their race.

Chan has just been released after serving three weeks in jail for throwing an egg at the financial secretary. In prison, he found that ethnic Chinese are served Chinese food, in smaller portions and with fewer varieties than Western meals given to non-Chinese. He has launched a case against the department at the High Court, arguing the practice of serving different meals to different prisoners on the basis of their race is unlawful and unconstitutional.

According to Chan, the Chinese breakfast includes rice with a little meat, while the Western meal has cheese, jam, butter, toast and milk tea. The Chinese lunch offers congee with beans, Chinese tea and a piece of bread, while the Western one consists of a hamburger, vegetables, a boiled egg, toast, potatoes and milk tea.

For dinner, the Chinese meal options are vegetables and meat, fried fish with bones or chicken wings, while the Western options include a hamburger, pork, boneless fried fish steak, fried chicken wings, potatoes, baked beans in tomato sauce, bread, butter and jam, and milk tea.

I don't know about you but the Western meals sound definitely tastier, especially the breakfast, which is like a continental breakfast served at hotels. The only things missing are a croissant and a scone.

Chan argues the different meals served amount to a breach of the race discrimination law and the Basic Law.

Instead of fighting Chan and his lawyers in court, the department should really review its food policy. Here's an easy way to make everyone happy at very little cost. Give every prisoner a choice between having a Chinese and a Western meal.

Internet comments:

- Of course, the newspapers will report only on what Derek Chan has to say, as in SCMP:

He [Derek Chan] said that the Chinese breakfast included rice with a little meat, while the Western meal had cheese, jam, butter, toast and milk tea. The Chinese lunch was congee with beans, Chinese tea and a piece of bread, while the Western one consisted of a hamburger, vegetables, a boiled egg, toast, potatoes and milk tea. For dinner, the Chinese meal options were vegetables and meat, fried fish with bones or chicken wings, while the Western options included a hamburger, pork, boneless fried fish steak, fried chicken wings, potatoes, baked beans in tomato sauce, bread, butter and jam, and milk tea. Sometimes the Western diet would provide deep-fried chicken wings, which were not available in the Chinese diet. The portion for the Western diet was also larger, Chan wrote in the document.

(Oriental Daily) August 18, 2015.

The Correctional Services Department said that there are four types of meals for the prisoners. New prisoners are typically assigned to Type I rise-based staple meals (see top left photo). Prisoners can apply to switch their diets. Type II meals include curry and chapati as staple food (see top right photo). Type III meals include potatoes and beads as staple food (see bottom left photo). Type IV meals are vegetarian (see bottom right photo).

Well,  you have to see the photos for yourselves and decide whether the western meals (Type III) are tastier than Chinese meals (Type I).

(Daily Mail) Inside the Hong Kong hellhole where 'psycho banker' is held. November 5, 2014.

- If the League of Social Democrats don't like CY Leung to be in charge of their prison meals, they could demand to sub-contract food services to the Japanese.

(Daily Mail) As a prisoner of war camp it became notorious as a place of torture and execution, with Mateen Ahmed Ansari - an Indian army captain - posthumously awarded the George Cross after being beaten, starved and eventually executed by Japanese troops who unsuccessfully demanded that he renounce his allegiance to the British army and sow seeds of discontent among his comrades. Nearly 600 prisoners of war and civilians killed by the Japanese during the occupation are buried in the nearby Stanley War Cemetery.

- On the last day of his jail sentence, Derek Chan demanded to have a western meal instead of the usual Chinese meal. He was turned down. The rejection has a simple explanation in terms of logistics.

The Tong Fuk Prison has capacity for 925 prisoners. When new prisoners enter, they declare their meal preferences. Each day, the meals are prepared in accordance with the stated preferences. For example, there might be 800 Type I meals, 10 Type II meals, 90 Type III meals and 25 Type IV meals. The prison does not fulfill la carte orders. That is, you cannot expect to wake up in the morning and decide that you shall have hamburger at the spur of the moment.

If la carte orders become the order of the day, then the staff should prepare 925 Type I meals, 925 Type II meals, 925 Types III meals and 925 Type IV meals. In the end, 925 assorted meals will be consumed and the remaining 2,775 meals taken to the landfill. This is called being wasteful.

If Derek Chan wanted to have western meals, he can make an application through the appropriate channels. To make an unexpected demand on the last day is just grandstanding.

(The Standard) Golf club protesters take a swing at rich. August 17, 2015.

Around 20 protesters barged into the Hong Kong Golf Club in Fan Ling yesterday, demanding that the government take back the land to build public homes. The protesters held up placards that read: "Reclaim golf land, build affordable housing" and "Return my right to live, return land justice." They also carried banners that read: "The powerful have land to play ball, while the poor have no land to settle."

Among the nine groups involved in the protest were the Land Justice League, Grassroots Housing, and Kwu Tung North Development Concern Group. There were also groups representing residents in subdivided flats.

The protesters said Hong Kong faces a stark housing supply problem, with more than 100,000 residents living in subdivided flats while 280,000 families are on the waiting list for public housing.

"[Chief Executive] Leung Chun- ying on the one hand asks where is the land, and on the other sells a hectare of farmland in the golf course to Henderson Land Development for building high- density luxury flats," the groups said. "Leung claims he will build new towns for everyone to solve the problem of high rents and long waiting times for public housing, yet he bends to the powerful and the rich, and places the residents who lost their homes in the northeastern New Territories on the opposing side against grassroots residents in urban areas to divide and smear the weak."

Instead of driving residents and villagers away from the northeastern New Territories, the protesters argued that the government should take back "73 pieces of land" that are currently used for private clubs as these only serve the rich and powerful. They demanded the golf club land be reclaimed for public housing and called for a complete review of all lands that involve private recreational leases.

League of Social Democrats vice chairman Raphael Wong Ho-ming said: "You drive people away from occupied land, but keep the vacant ones. How ridiculous." Another protester said the golf course is the "size of Tsuen Wan where 100,000 units for the grassroots could be built." They also demanded an end to the northeastern New Territories development project.

Security guards earlier tried but failed to block the protesters.

Some 9,900 public homes were built last year, about 20 percent lower than the targeted 12,700.

Video:

With respect to slogans such as "Reclaim golf land, build affordable housing", "Return my right to live, return land justice" and "The powerful have land to play ball, while the poor have no land to settle", the case cannot be limited solely to the Hong Kong Golf Club in Fan Ling. There are a number of other clubs in similar situations (that is, unreasonably low land lease arrangements). When you selectively designate one club for reclamation while leaving the others alone, that would be the rule of man. The law needs to be uniformly applied to all applicable cases. The following articles give the details for some of the clubs that fall into this situation.

Definitions:

Rule of law:

The rule of law is the legal principle that law should govern a nation, as opposed to being governed by arbitrary decisions of individual government officials. It primarily refers to the influence and authority of lawwithin society, particularly as a constraint upon behavior, including behavior of government officials.

Rule of law implies that every citizen is subject to the law, including law makers themselves. In this sense, it stands in contrast to an autocracy, collective leadership, dictatorship, or oligarchy where the rulers are held above the law. Lack of the rule of law can be found in both democracies and dictatorships, for example because of neglect or ignorance of the law.

Rule of man:

Rule of man is absence of rule of law. It is a society in which one person, or a group of persons, rules arbitrarily. The Sovereign exercises absolute authority and is not bound by any law, he as a person stands outside law. The philosopher Thomas Hobbes advocated such a society, saying that a society would be better if it had one absolute monarch as he would be free to choose and do what he thinks is best for the society without taking into account the opinions of others.

Others dissent by historical evidence that points in the opposing direction claiming the impermanence of the systems brought on by dictators like Joseph Stalin, Adolf Hitler and Mao Zedong which are remembered in having fared more by despotism than government system and thereby typifying the exertion of "rule of man" within their reigns. The results of which comprised violations to internationally recognized basic human rights. Relating the common inference of warning against the utility of such regimes that many have cited within the adage that Power corrupts and absolute power corrupts absolutely.

History:

(SCMP) Hong Kong Club hits HK$60m rental gold. May 30, 2010.

Within the exclusive portals of Hong Kong's poshest private club, the future looks rosy. Having resumed full ownership of its premises in Central in the middle of last year, the Hong Kong Club is looking forward to rental income of at least HK$60 million from this financial year on. Even better, it pays government land rent of just HK$324 a year, thanks to a 999-year lease inked in February 1895, after the club was formed by eight taipans in 1846.

A few blocks away in Harcourt Road, Wan Chai, the Hong Kong Red Cross pays HK$1,370 for its Anne Black headquarters, while the Chinese Anglican Church is charged HK$1,000 for its St James' Settlement Multi-Service Community Centre in Stone Nullah Lane.

Many of the tycoons who enjoy the Hong Kong Club's exclusive facilities would probably welcome such a deal for their own businesses. In addition, the club paid no premium for the land from which it will now reap tens of millions of dollars a year.

Under a 1983 deal, Hong Kong Land redeveloped the prime site next to Statue Square and opposite the Legislative Council building into a 24-floor tower. It took rental income for 25 years from all but four podium floors reserved by the club for bars, restaurants, a fitness centre with two squash courts, a billiard room and four bowling alleys. The club also took a small portion of rental income from the higher floors.

Since the arrangement ended last year the club has signed several new tenancy agreements with regional and Wall Street investment bankers such as Davis Polk, which moved into room 1904 for HK$185,570 a month, and Somerley, which took up the 10th floor for three years to September 2012 for HK$590,784 a month. 'The budgeted rental for [2009] is HK$61.9 million, up from HK$28.2 million in 2008,' the club wrote in its latest annual report.

Publicly, it has nothing further to say about its low land rent and rising rental income. Responding to inquiries it said: 'As we are a private club, we thus have no comment on the subject.'

The redevelopment plans took shape while Hong Kong's future was being negotiated between premier Zhao Ziyang and British prime minister Margaret Thatcher.

There was intense debate in the club and among the public about whether the old building should be torn down. Preservationists led by the Heritage Society proposed saving the 80-year-old Victorian structure, while the club management expressed concerns about potential fire and structural hazards in the largely-timber building. It prevailed.

The club's membership list, which reads like a Who's Who of the city's business elite, includes 1,400 resident members and about 2,500 absent members. The current chairman is Swire Properties chief executive Martin Cubbon with Wing On International Holdings director Bill Kwok Chi-piu as vice-chairman. Other board members include William Elkin Mocatta, director of Sir Elly Kadoorie & Sons, which oversees Kadoorie family interests in Hong Kong and overseas.

The Lands Department says the Hong Kong Club and others were given land free or with nominal premium payments to promote recreational development. It sees no problems with the Hong Kong Club's commercial arrangements, saying the land is not restricted to recreational use.

'The granting of a private recreational lease at nominal premium may be approved provided that the relevant policy bureau gives support to the application and the grant is agreeable in all circumstances,' a spokesman said.

Privately owned land in Hong Kong is mostly held under a government lease by which land owners have to pay rent to the government in return for the right to hold and occupy the land for a specified term. Most rents, imposed under the Government Rent (Assessment and Collection) Ordinance, are 3 per cent of the rateable value of the property.

Private social and sports clubs, however, benefited from extraordinarily low land rents from the colonial days until the handover in 1997.

The Hong Kong Football Club, which paid HK$1,000 a year until December 1996, has been charged 3 per cent of its rateable value since 1997 - an estimated HK$850,000 this year on a rateable value of HK$28.5 million. But some clubs still enjoy low rents - Hong Kong Golf Club pays HK$1,808 a year for its 160-hectare course in Fanling.

The Hong Kong Club is among more than 20 private clubs that cater exclusively for the upper class.

Most, such as Craigengower Cricket Club and the Hong Kong Football Club, are owned by non-profit-making entities formed by their members, while a few, like the Aberdeen Marina Club, are held and operated by private companies.

All limit the size of their membership, and to become a member requires money, connections and time - in some cases the waiting list is 30 years or more. A transferable corporate membership traded on the second-hand market is the only short cut - but the prices are high.

Records of Everfine Membership Services show that the Hong Kong Golf Club is the most expensive, with a case of membership changing hands for HK$9.5 million earlier this year and one on the market for HK$9.7 million.

Aberdeen Marina Club and the American Club are the most popular among the new rich as their prices are relatively affordable - HK$1.9 million to HK$2 million.

'People are willing to pay millions to bid for a membership from the second-hand market as most of these private clubs no longer recruit new members or already have a long queue lining up for a vacancy,' said Athena Wong, director of Everfine.

Hong Kong Club's figures

Year of establishment: 1846
Number of members: around 1,440
Net surplus of 2008: HK$17.4 million
Balance of general fund at end of 2008: HK$109.4 million
Budgeted rental for 2009 financial year: HK$61.9 million
Land rent each year: HK$324
Term of land lease: 999 years

(SCMP) The lease clause HK's top clubs would like to forget. May 31, 2010.

Hong Kong's eight most exclusive private sports and recreation clubs are not as exclusive as they might seem. All are required by their land leases to allow schools and youth organisations to use their facilities - if the government asks them to.

It means that the city's youngsters can in theory enjoy the surroundings of institutions such as the Hong Kong Golf Club in Deep Water Bay - where the city's richest man, Li Ka-shing, plays golf - the Hong Kong Country Club, Hong Kong Football Club and Craigengower Cricket Club.

But, in the decades that these requirements have existed, no government department has ever made any such request and organisations that might have taken advantage of the rule say it is news to them.

The clause was applied to the properties of the eight clubs - which also include the Chinese Recreation Club, Clearwater Bay Golf and Country Club, Kowloon Cricket Club and Hong Kong Cricket Club - because they paid nothing or a nominal amount for the prime sites on which their facilities sit.

'Is it real?' asked seasoned social worker Sze Lai-shan, who said she had never thought about booking private clubs for the underprivileged children's groups she organises.

'Aren't these clubs only open for members? Will they really let us in? Do we have to pay? If it is free, it will be an option for us when planning activities for the children.'

Officials of departments that should be helping such groups to pry open the clubs' exclusive gates seem just as confused, as are the clubs.

A Social Welfare Department official said neither he nor his colleagues had heard about such arrangements and he could not find any written requisition record. Neither the Leisure and Cultural Services Department nor the Education Bureau had made any such request either. The Home Affairs Bureau said it had not invoked the land clause because it had not found the need to.

Under the clause, officials have to give the clubs not less than six weeks' notice in writing, ensure the use is not at weekends or public holidays, and that it does not interfere with care and maintenance. The clubs are allowed to keep their buildings and other areas, such as swimming pools, exclusively for members but have to allow the visitors to use toilets, changing rooms and open space.

The leisure department said clubs such as the Craigengower Cricket Club, Hong Kong Football Club and the Chinese Recreation Club had occasionally opened for lawn bowls, rugby and tennis competitions, so it 'has not invoked the relevant clause in the land lease by writing to the clubs requesting them to open up their lots for sports meetings/activities'.

Calls to the front desks of the clubs to inquire about application procedures for schools and youth groups also found little or no awareness of the clause. The Hong Kong Country Club, Hong Kong Golf Club, Clearwater Bay Golf and Country Club and Craigengower Cricket Club said they strictly served members only. The Hong Kong Cricket Club and Kowloon Cricket Club said they had rented their fields to international schools before and were willing to rent them to kindergartens for about HK$3,000 a day.

The Hong Kong Football Club and Chinese Recreation Club said schools could try their luck to see if their applications were approved.

Queries to the club managements about whether they were aware of the special conditions and whether they had opened their gates to the public before drew a response only from the Hong Kong Golf Club. 'As you know the HKGC is a private members' club and we do not divulge this information that you require,' it said.

Former Town Planning Board member Dr Ng Cho-nam said the government should press the private sports clubs to genuinely open their land to the public. 'Open space is a precious asset in highly populated Hong Kong, and these lands were given to the clubs for free, so it is no more than fair to require them to let the public in on non-peak hours. If those rich tycoons don't want to share their open space with the public, they should buy the land for market price.'

The market price for membership of some clubs is in the millions of dollars - if you can find one.

The 121-year-old Hong Kong Golf Club, where early-bird visitors might see Li Ka-shing and an entourage of bodyguards arrive at the nine-hole golf course at 19 Island Road shortly after 6.30 most mornings, long ago stopped recruiting new members. A transferable corporate membership to use the Deep Water Bay course and three full 18-hole courses in Fan Ling costs more than HK$9.5 million on the second-hand market.

Yet according to the lease for the Island Road site, signed in December 1981, the club is required to open the land 'for sports meetings or other similar activities of schools, youth clubs, welfare organisations' when required to by the 'competent authorities' in charge of education, social welfare, recreation and culture. The former colonial government wrote the condition in when the club was granted the land free of charge in September 1898.

Similar conditions apply to its Fan Ling facilities at 1 Fan Kam Road as they do to the properties of the seven other clubs which paid nothing or a nominal amount, like HK$1,000, for their land.

Social workers and schoolteachers say they wish they had known before that they could apply to use the facilities. 'It's always been a headache in finding venues for sports training and interschool games,' physical education teacher Suen Chung-him said. 'For example the Hong Kong Schools Sports Federation needs a hilly location to organise its annual cross-country tournament. For years, the competition took place at the Fan Ling golf course but no student was allowed to use washrooms inside the golf course and thus the federation had to arrange portable toilets outside the club.'

Suen also did not realise there was a chance for schools to use the outdoor courts and fields of private clubs. 'I mostly take our school teams to government facilities run by the Leisure and Cultural Services Department for regular training, but these venues are usually fully booked three and four months in advance. It is quite difficult to find a place if we want to add a few sessions for next month,' Suen said, adding that finding soccer pitches was a particular problem.

Social worker Sze, a community officer of Society for Community Organisation, has been organising programmes for underprivileged children. 'We have not thought about venues other than the public community centres, which are free but need to be booked five to six months in advance.'

All clubs, private or public, must be registered with Home Affairs Bureau's Licensing Authority, which says it is up to them to ensure they comply with any special conditions. 'It is the responsibility of the applicant to ensure that his premises do comply with the lease conditions, deed of mutual covenant and other regulations or laws of Hong Kong,' the authority said.

The government can modify the leases in the next two years if it wishes. The Hong Kong Golf Club, Hong Kong Football Club, Craigengower Cricket Club, Kowloon Cricket Club and the Chinese Recreation Club have to renew their land leases by Christmas Day next year.

The leases of the Hong Kong Country Club and Clearwater Bay Golf and Country Club will expire in April and June 2012, respectively. The Hong Kong Cricket Club renewed its land lease in 2008 for 15 years.

The Lands Department confirmed that it had received renewal applications from the Football Club, the two cricket clubs and the Chinese Recreation Club which would be circulated to the Home Affairs Bureau for policy input and 'concerned departments' for suggestions of conditions to be included in the new leases.

'In general, a condition requiring the lessee to permit the lot or any part thereof to be used by schools or welfare organisations or government-run activities for specified periods when required by the competent authority is inserted in the lease,' it said. But it added that whether there was any need to seek use of the land was up to other departments.

Former town planning board member Ng said the government should keep the public informed about the right to access to such privileged turf. An associate professor of geography at the University of Hong Kong, he suggested the Lands Department should renew the leases only for three to five years and keep a close eye on whether the clubs opened to schoolchildren and welfare organisations.

'The government can keep the present written terms unchanged for a few years and tell everyone about his or her rights,' he said. 'If these clubs fail to fulfil their responsibilities, then the Lands Department can further tighten its control by directly specifying particular opening hours for the public each week. If the club operators still refuse to co-operate, the Lands Department can resume the land ownership.'

A member of the Town Planning Board for six years until April, Ng advised lands officials not to sign any more long land leases. 'The last time we renewed these leases was mostly in 1981. If the government continues to grant long leases and the clubs refuse to abide by government conditions, we will have to wait for another three decades until we have a say again.'

Club (Address)
Land size and premium of the eight private clubs
Lease details

HK Golf Club-Deep Water Bay Club House (19 Island Road)
Land size (square metres): 66,500
Land premium (HK$): Nil
Annual land rent (HK$): 3% of rateable value
Rateable value* (HK$): $10.8 million
Lease expiry: Dec 25, 2011

HK Golf Club-Fanling Club House (1 Fan Kam Road)
Land size (square metres): 1,618,742
Land premium (HK$): Nil
Annual land rent (HK$): $1,808
Rateable value* (HK$): $54.2 million
Lease expiry: Aug 31, 2020

HK Country Club (188 Wong Chuk Hang Road)
Land size (square metres): 21,090
Land premium (HK$): Nil
Annual land rent (HK$): 3% of rateable value
Rateable value* (HK$): $10.4 million
Lease expiry: Apr 3, 2012

HK Football Club (3 Sports Road)
Land size (square metres): 29,500
Land premium (HK$): $1,000
Annual land rent (HK$): 3% of rateable value
Rateable value* (HK$): $28.5 million
Lease expiry: Dec 25, 2011

HK Cricket Club (137 Wong Nai Chung Gap Road)
Land size (square metres): 18,448
Land premium (HK$): $1,000
Annual land rent (HK$): 3% of rateable value
Rateable value* (HK$): $11.1 million
Lease expiry: Jul, 2023

Craigengower Cricket Club (188 Wong Lai Chung Road)
Land size (square metres): 12,535
Land premium (HK$): $1,000
Annual land rent (HK$): 3% of rateable value
Rateable value* (HK$): $17.5 million
Lease expiry: Dec 25, 2011

Chinese Recreation Club (123 Tung Lo Wan Road)
Land size (square metres): 16,490
Land premium (HK$): Nil
Annual land rent (HK$): 3% of rateable value
Rateable value* (HK$): $23.3 million
Lease expiry: Dec 25, 2011

Kowloon Cricket Club (10 Cox's Road)
Land size (square metres): 25,100
Land premium (HK$): Nil
Annual land rent (HK$): 3% of rateable value
Rateable value* (HK$): $10.3 million
Lease expiry: Dec 25, 2011

Clearwater Bay Golf & Country Club (139 Tai Au Mun Road)
Land size (square metres): 1,291,600
Land premium (HK$): Nil
Annual land rent (HK$): 3% of rateable value
Rateable value* (HK$): $36.5 million
Lease expiry: Jun 30, 2012

*Latest figures released by Rating and Valuation Department this year

How the clubs responded

We would let schools book our facilities as a favour, but strictly on weekdays and depending on availability.
Kowloon Cricket Club

Lawyers' and doctors' associations have rented our courts. Schools can write to us to see if our bosses say yes, but there's no guarantee.
Chinese Recreation Club

We rented out our lawn bowls green to kindergartens a few years ago. We offered schools a special rate of about HK$3,000 to HK$4,000 for the morning session at the time.
Hong Kong Cricket Club

It depends on the situation.
Hong Kong Football Club

We will not open our limited facilities for school sports activities as we only serve our members.
Hong Kong Golf Club

We can't let everyone in. Our golf course is only open for members or experienced golfers with accredited score cards.
Clearwater Bay Golf and Country Club

First of all, only our members can book our facilities. Besides, we only provide our open space for banquets, not school activities.
Hong Kong Country Club

Our field is merely for lawn bowls, not for other school sports.
Craigengower Cricket Club

(SCMP) Audit Commission wants government to review leases of 17 elite clubs. November 13, 2013.

The future of some of Hong Kong's best-known and most exclusive clubs is under scrutiny after the Audit Commission urged the government to consider taking back private clubhouses and putting the land to better use.

The Home Affairs Bureau asked in June to review 17 clubs whose leases were expiring soon - some next year - but the commission called for a timetable.

"As pointed out in the 2013 policy address, land shortage has seriously stifled social and economic development in Hong Kong," the commission said in its report released yesterday. "It would appear that the Home Affairs Bureau, as the responsible policy bureau for private recreation leases, needs to work collaboratively with the Development Bureau to assess whether the leases due for renewal should be renewed."

Up for renewal next year are the Royal Hong Kong Yacht Club's premises in Sai Kung - one of its three clubhouses - and the Hong Kong Youth Hostels Association in Tai Po.

Others facing renewal in the next few years include the Jockey Club Beas River Lodge in Sheung Shui (2015), Mong Kok District Cultural Recreational and Sports Association (2018) and Hong Kong Golf Club in (2020).

The land was granted at a nominal or zero land premium and at low rents to promote sports in the community. But the leases have been under scrutiny since 2010, when their transparency and the clubs' compliance with requirements to admit the public were called into question.

The commission also questioned yesterday whether the "prolonged hold-over arrangement" for the former Post Office and Cable & Wireless Recreation Club in Causeway Bay, now a staff club for PCCW, should continue. The club's lease expired in 1996, but is renewed quarterly.

The clubs, with membership ranging from 147 to 49,600, rarely opened their sports facilities for public use and some ran commercial activities, the commission said.

It blamed the bureau's lack of a clear definition of "recreation" for abuses. The Chinese Recreation Club, for example, has 15 mahjong rooms and a barber shop while the Hong Kong Football Club has massage rooms and eight restaurants.

Land leases of private recreation clubs to be renewed by government:

  • Royal Hong Kong Yacht Club (Sai Kung) 2014
  • Hong Kong Youth Hostels Association (Tai Po) 2014
  • Hong Kong Girl Guides Association (Sheung Shui) 2015
  • Mong Kok District Cultural Recreational & Sports Association 2018
  • Hong Kong Golf Club (Fanling) 2020
  • Aberdeen Boat Club 2021
  • Royal Hong Kong Yacht Club (Middle Island) 2021
  • Hong Kong Cricket Club 2023
  • Scout Association of Hong Kong (Yuen Long) 2024
  • Hong Kong Model Engineering Club 2024
  • Scout Association of Hong Kong (Tai Po) 2025
  • Yuen Long District Sports Association 2031
  • Hong Kong Jockey Club (Happy Valley) 2034
  • Directors of the Chinese Young Mens Christian Association of Hong Kong 2047
  • Hong Kong Girl Guides Association (Ho Man Tin) 2056
  • Royal Hong Kong Yacht Club (Kellett Island) 2056
  • The Post Office and Cable & Wireless Recreation Club renewed quarterly

Internet comments:

- I watched the news videos. A dozen or so people charged onto private property. The security guards let them be. They wandered around for 30 minutes, made speeches for the sake of those media reporters that they called out there and then everybody left out of boredom. So this is known as "valiant resistance"?

- Building in places like the Fan Ling Golf Course, Clearwater Bay or Deep Water Bay is not optimal, because of transportation issues. An easier solution is to pave over Victoria Park in Causeway Bay. That site area is 190,000 square meters and therefore can easily accommodate hundreds of thousands of residents. And it is right next to the Causeway Bay MTR station, the tram lane, etc.
- The Cheung Sha Wan Sports Ground in Sham Shui Po is also lightly used. It can also be paved over for public housing. It is right by the Lai Chi Kok MTR station.

- Why are the SCMP articles leaving the India Club, the Indian Recreation Club, the Club De Recreio, the Pakistan Club, the Hong Kong Chinese Civil Servant's Association, the Filipino Club, etc? These clubs are also receiving favorable treatment from the government while serving an exclusive minority.
- While we are at it, we shouldn't forget the Po Leung Kuk, Lok Sin Tong, Hong Kong Society for Rehabilitation, Hong Kong Buddhist Association, Hong Kong Taoist Association, Caritas Hong Kong, Hong Kong Society for the Protection of Children, etc. These clubs are likely to be receiving favorable treatment from the government. Even if we can't boot them out, we should at least be collecting market-value rent from them.

- The reason why is the Fan Ling Golf Course needs to defended to the last man is that it represents COLLECTIVE MEMORY, just as the Queen's Pier was. It is hypocritical to say otherwise.

- The Hong Kong Golf Course has served its historical mission and should now be retired. Who would still go there now, when there is the Mission Hills Shenzhen resort right by the Luowu border crossing. This is a 20-square kilometer golf complex with seven 18-hold resort and championship courses, plus all manners of other facilities.

(SCMP) Lawmaker Wong Yuk-man arrested for throwing glass at Chief Executive CY Leung. July 5, 2014.

Independent lawmaker Wong Yuk-man was arrested last night on suspicion of common assault after he hurled a glass in the direction of Chief Executive Leung Chun-ying in a Legislative Council meeting on Thursday.

Arriving at the police station in Central by car, Wong flashed a "victory" sign to a group of supporters and reporters who had been waiting for him. He was accompanied by a lawyer. "I got a tip-off that the police want to arrest me. Save the trouble - it's just a glass. I am coming here myself. This is how you act like a hero," he said. "If they really lay a charge against me, I must make 689 appear in court!" he said, in a mocking reference to the number of votes the chief executive received from the 1,193-strong Election Committee to win the election two years ago.

Police said Wong, 62, was arrested for common assault and released on bail pending further investigation. A police source said officers went to Wong's office in the afternoon but could not find him. They waited for Wong outside the building while he was in a Legco finance committee meeting.

The incident took place on Thursday morning when Leung arrived in the Legco chamber for a question-and-answer session. About 20 pan-democrats marched towards him to urge him to take the huge turnout at the democracy rally seriously.

They shouted: "Genuine universal suffrage without screening ... Listen to the people's voice, 689." Wong then hurled documents and a glass in the direction of the chief executive. Leung calmly picked up pieces of the glass and criticised Wong's behaviour. His office later called the police to investigate the matter.

While Wong remained unapologetic, saying he did "not have to be polite to a dictatorship", other pan-democrats condemned Wong's act, saying it was not part of their plan to protest against the chief executive.

Wong's arrest raises the possibility of him losing his seat in Legco. This would happen only if he is convicted and sentenced to one month in jail or more, and if a motion calling on him to step down is passed by two-thirds of his colleagues in Legco, under article 79 of the Basic Law.

Barrister Albert Luk Wai-hung said whether Wong had actually injured anyone would be an important consideration if he is charged and a court must rule on his guilt or innocence. It would also be a factor in sentencing. Luk said it was unlikely a first-time offender would receive a prison sentence.

(SCMP) Wong Yuk-man, accused of throwing glass in Legco chamber, refuses to renew bail. August 12, 2014.

Radical lawmaker Wong Yuk-man, who was arrested for suspected common assault after allegedly throwing a glass at Chief Executive Leung Chun-ying last month, refused to renew his bail last night. A police spokesman said the force had decided to release Wong as a result of his refusal to renew his bail, but would retain the right to prosecute while the investigation was continuing.

Wong reported to Central police station last night at around 6pm and is understood to have told them he would no longer be checking in periodically as required under the bail system.

The independent lawmaker, who was arrested on July 4, had been released on July 5 with his bail set at HK$500. "I would be daft if I listened to them," Wong said. "I told them to charge me if they have got enough evidence. If not, release me."

He was arrested for common assault on July 4, a day after he was seen hurling a glass and a sheaf of documents in the direction of Leung, who was attending a question-and-answer session.

His action came as 23 pan-democrat lawmakers demonstrated against Leung as he entered the chamber. They called for "genuine" universal suffrage in the 2017 chief executive election, with direct voting for candidates and no screening by Beijing. The glass missed Leung and shattered on the floor behind him.

The chief executive later said he regarded Wong's action as an escalation of violence in Legco. The incident prompted Leung's office to call the police to the chamber for the first time since the handover in 1997. Officers were later seen collecting evidence in the chamber.

Wong said yesterday he did not know whether police would continue to pursue the case against him. "I'm not playing games with them now. Why waste my time coming to report every month? It's a joke," he said.

A source close to the case said that police were seeking legal advice from the Department of Justice about possible prosecution. Wong said he did not think that the police would find enough evidence to take him to court.

(SCMP)  August 20, 2015.

Hong Kong Chief Executive Leung Chun-ying will be the prosecutions first witness in the trial of a lawmaker accused of assaulting the citys leader, according to a legal document.

Pro-democracy legislator Wong Yuk-man today pleaded not guilty at Eastern Court to one count of common assault on Leung in Hong Kong on July 3 last year as he made his first appearance in court since he was arrested on Tuesday.

Wong is the first lawmaker to be charged over an assault on the citys chief since the handover in 1997.

In court today, Wong said it was not a crime to protest, when he was asked to make a plea. This is not a platform to express your political views, Principal Magistrate Bina Chainrai said, however, before Wong denied the assault charge.

The court did not hear detailed allegations of the charge, including whether it was related to a glass Wong hurled in the Legislative Council chamber on the same day.

A legal document served to Wong by prosecutors shows that one of the exhibit items would be pieces of glass. The document also shows most prosecution witnesses would be from Legco, with Leung the first on the witness list. Also on the witness list were lawmaker Wong Ting-kwong, from the Democratic Alliance for the Betterment and Progress of Hong Kong, and Legco staff, including security guards.

A group of supporters yelled slogans with Wong outside the court.

In a hurry, Wong then took a taxi to Kowloon City Court to support pro-democracy activist Cheng Kam-mun, who was today jailed for three weeks for obstructing a police officer in a Christmas stunt last year.

(TVB) July 3, 2014. The incident inside the Legislative Council in which legislator Raymond Wong Yuk-man threw a glass cup of water that missed the Chief Executive CY Leung.

Internet comment:


- Look, the glass cup did not hit CY Leung. So how can this be common assault?
- I throw a glass cup containing acid from the 12th floor down onto the Sai Yeung Choi Street South pedestrian mall. The glass broke but nobody was hurt. So how can this be common assault?

- If I used a sniper's rifle to fire a shot at the President and I missed everything, then this is not murder. It is only attempted murder.
- Under Hong Kong law, using a gun is a serious matter (see Cap 238 Firearms and Ammunition Ordinance). Under Section 22,

Section 22: Dangerous or reckless use of firearm etc.

(1) A person commits an offence who, without lawful authority or reasonable excuse, discharges or otherwise deals with any arms or ammunition in a manner likely to injure, or endanger the safety or, any person or property or with reckless disregard for the safety of  others.
(2) A person who commits an offence under subsection (1) is liable on conviction upon indictment to imprisonment for 7 years.

- This is not a case of common assault because Wong Yuk-man was not throwing at CY Leung. Never in the history of pan-democratic politics has a pan-democrat ever attempted to assault a government official. They only put up the posture of doing so for the benefit of the television cameras, but they never ever make actual contact. This is the code of conduct for pan-democratic politicians.
- The point of this prosecution is to make Wong Yuk-man admit that he had no intention of hitting CY Leung. This will put an end to all the talk about "valiant resistance."

- (Wikipedia) Common assault

Common assault ... is committed by a person who causes another person to apprehend the immediate use of unlawful violence by the defendant. It was thought to include battery.

What is the difference between Assault and Battery?

Two separate offenses against the person that when used in one expression may be defined as any unlawful and unpermitted touching of another. Assault is an act that creates an apprehension in another of an imminent, harmful, or offensive contact. The act consists of a threat of harm accompanied by an apparent, present ability to carry out the threat. Battery is a harmful or offensive touching of another.

The main distinction between the two offenses is the existence or nonexistence of a touching or contact. While contact is an essential element of battery, there must be an absence of contact for assault. Sometimes assault is defined loosely to include battery.

- (SCMP) A Mandela lesson for Wong Yuk-man?  Alex Lo. December 12, 2013.

"Do you know who I am, little girl? I'm Wong Yuk-man. Would I take it back?"

A hapless female reporter provoked this arrogant response, broadcast on Cable TV, from the boisterous pan-democrat after she asked if he would retract his "petrol bomb" remark against Chief Secretary Carrie Lam Cheng Yuet-ngor. Bully boy Wong has been embroiled in a row with the government ever since he said in the legislature that people would start throwing petrol bombs and not eggs at officials like Lam.

Now he claims he wasn't making a threat, only sounding a warning about the direction the government's "fake consultation" on political reform was going. It was only the news media that were misreporting him and we all know the newspapers in Hong Kong are, to use his own word, "degenerate".

Let's accept Wong's self-justification for a moment despite all his screaming and shouting at Lam in Legco. At the very least, he shows complete contempt for Lam - and absolute moral certainty that he alone is right. A reader asked me to forward to Wong a speech by Ravi Zacharias, the evangelical speaker, on the death of Nelson Mandela. But why bother? Such sentiment is completely alien to someone as full of himself as Wong.

"I mourn the loss of not just a person, but an example for all politicians," Zacharias said. "Where are the leaders like him today? Many of those who are eulogising him have evidently not learned from him. He bore no hatred towards his oppressors. When he acquired freedom he did not ask the oppressed to 'go and vote for revenge'. He did not use the microphone to whip up hostility, division and frenzy or go on diatribes blaming his predecessors for doing everything wrong. He did not use language that some in the media do, verbiage that is too vulgar to even repeat. He wanted to correct society, not penalise or pollute it. He won supporters to his side with grace and dignity, not by bullying."

The greatest strength that Mandela had, in my opinion, was his ability to show respect and courtesy even to his most implacable enemies. Mandela the statesman, according to a recent biographer, always got up when someone entered the room, even if it was just the tea lady. Does Wong shout at his domestic helper?

- There is an adage in Hong Kong: "精人動口﹐蠢人動手Smart  people use their mouth, stupid people use their hands." Raymond Wong Yuk-man is smart, he talks loud but he never does anything. The following case are two stupid people who actually did something and paid for it.

(Oriental Daily) Occupy Mong Kok affected the work of two men who tossed eggs at Joshua Wong. August 19, 2015.

On November 27, 2014, Scholarism convener Joshua Wong attended a hearing at the Kowloon City Court. Two men tossed eggs at him outside the courthouse. The two men were charged with common assault. Both pleaded guilty, and were each fined $3,000.

Defendant Lee Wong is a 27-year-old dim sum chef. At the time of the incident, he was a transportation worker whose livelihood was affected by the Occupy Mong Kok people and therefore he committed the act. Defendant Cheung Ka-shing is a 33-year-old transportation also claimed that he tossed the egg because his work was impacted by Occupy Mong Kok.

(EJinsight) August 20, 2015.

In 2009, celebrated author Haruki Murakami made a controversial trip to Jerusalem to accept a literary award amid calls by rights activists to boycott the event in protest of Israels recent bombing of Gaza. He said: Between a high, solid wall and an egg that breaks against it, I will always stand on the side of the egg.

Many critics and fans were puzzled by his words. Murakami later explained that the wall represents the system, while the egg represents the people who stand against it. Apparently, he was assailing the Israeli government for its policies that oppress the Palestinian people.

We recall his words because in Hong Kong, throwing eggs at public figures could result in different court rulings, implying that the workings of our legal system depend on the personalities involved.

On Wednesday, two men who threw eggs at student leader Joshua Wong Chi-fung were fined HK$3,000 each by the Kowloon City Court. Transport workers Li Wong and Cheung Ka-shing had pleaded guilty to a charge of common assault, noting that last years Occupy protests, of which Wong was a leader, affected their business.

In passing sentence, Magistrate Eric Cheung said the fact that the defendants assaulted Wong right outside the court building had aggravated the gravity of the offense. But it seemed to many that the fines imposed by the magistrate were quite lenient.

In November last year, pro-democracy activist Derek Chan Tak-cheung was sentenced to three weeks in jail for throwing an egg at Financial Secretary John Tsang Chun-wah during a political forum in 2013.

In his defense, Chan cited Murakamis speech, portraying himself as an egg against the high wall of people in power. He said the act of throwing an egg at the financial secretary was an exercise of his freedom of expression against the wall. But Magistrate So Wai-tak of the Eastern Magistry Court was not impressed, and ruled that there was no room or justification for reduction of Chans sentence.

And so we are faced with the same offense resulting in two sorts of punishments. What could have been the difference between the two cases?

In one case, two workers committed the act to express their anger at a mass action led by a student activist for disrupting their business, and in the other, an activist committed the same act to protest against a top government official?

The only obvious difference is that the lighter punishment went to the case where the victim is a student activist while the jail term was imposed in the case where the victim is a top government official.

An expert in the legal profession said court rulings differ from case to case and depend on the magistrates own judgement, in which case it may not appropriate to compare the two cases. However, from the viewpoint of democracy advocates, the judgement on Joshua Wongs case shows that the justice system in Hong Kong is not treating everyone equally.

It appears that the government is quite keen on using the legal system as a tool to advance its political agenda, the latest example of which is the arrest of several student leaders for their role in the storming of the Civic Square outside the Central Government Offices in September last year.

The government has decided to charge student leaders Alex Chow Yong-kang, Nathan Law Kwun-chung and Joshua Wong with inciting other people to join an unlawful assembly, joining an unlawful assembly, or both. They have been invited to report to the police next week.

What the public is concerned about is that the police have been investigating the Occupy Movement for so long, but decided to file charges only now, or almost a year after the protests. Thats why Chow describes the police action as an act of oppression.

Chow believes the filing of charges is only the start of the governments revenge against the protesters who challenged what he called a small circle election proposed by the central and the Hong Kong governments for 2017. He also expects the police to target more protesters who took part in last years Occupy Movement.

Some political analysts noted that the government action came before the protesters could once again gather outside the government headquarters in late September to commemorate the first anniversary of the Occupy Movement, as well as to prevent them from staging mass actions before the District Council elections in November.

It is quite clear that the government is using the charges to limit the student leaders freedom in pursuing a new round of protests. The timing is quite suspicious.

However, the Secretary for Justice Rimsky Yuen Kwok-keung dismissed the allegations. He said it was unfair to accuse the authorities of harboring political considerations whenever high-profile student activists or legislators are charged.

Prosecutions by the Department of Justice are not influenced by the District Council or any other election, Yuen said. I can assure you that when my colleagues from the prosecutions division and I make any decision, we do not include any political considerations.

His response is understandable. But if the government wants to win back the publics trust, they should show fairness in handling cases involving political personalities.

For example, they should file charges against the seven police officers accused of beating up pro-democracy activist Ken Tsang Kin-chiu in Admiralty in October last year. Why cant they do that immediately? Are they buying time until the case fades away in the public eye? With the governments questionable handling of cases, the public cant help getting suspicious.

(Oriental Daily) August 15, 2015.

Previously, the City University Student Union analyzed water on the 3rd and 7th floors of the Run Run Shaw Creative Media Centre, and found lead levels that exceeded acceptable standards. Today, Student Union representatives presented City University president Way Kuo with a bottle of water taken from the Run Run Shaw Creative Media Centre and asked the university pay proper attention to the lead-in-water issue.

According to the photo posted at the Facebook of the City University Student Union, a representative of the Student Union invited Way Kuo to bottled water from the Run Run Shaw Creative Media Centre. Afterwards, the Student Union said that the security guard cautioned them that they cannot coerce the president to drink the water. The Student Union said said that one should not do unto others what they don't want others to do to them. They wanted the university to provide a water truck as well as bottled water at the Run Run Shaw Creative Media Centre.

According to the Student Union, the university insists that the lead-in-water levels were only slightly above the acceptable standard. Therefore they deliberately invited the president to drink water in front of the incoming students, giving the president the opportunity to prove that the water was safe. However, the president was evasive and only took the bottle without drinking from it immediately. The Student Union said that they will test more water samples and, if the university refuses to face up to the issue, they do not exclude the possibility of taking further action.

Internet comments:

- Just because a person who says that she is a student hands you an opened bottle of water, you must drink it? Just because she says that the water came from the Run Run Shaw Creative Media Centre, you can trust her? What if this was urine? What if this was spiked with LSD/Ecstasy to make a fool out of you? What if it is Dushuqiang rat poison?
- Even children are told not to accept food/drinks from strangers.
- Even university students should know that when a stranger offers you a drink, you should be wary that this could be laced with date rape drug.

- What kind of university student goes to school carrying a megaphone? Enquiring minds want to know.
- This is the new fashion wear for Hong Kong university students.

- As president of City University, Way Kuo exists to serve the students. So when a student orders him to drink, he must drink. Since he refused, he hates freedom, democracy, human rights, rule-of-law, universal suffrage. Therefore, Way Kuo must go!

- What if Way Kuo says: "If I drink this whole bottle, are you guys going to shut up on this matter?" Of course the students will immediately become non-committal and shifty ("well, it depends ...").

- What if Way Kuo drinks the bottle of water and doesn't drop dead? Are the students going to drink that water too? If they won't, then this proves that the whole issue is a red herring.

- Way Kuo is probably quite willing to drink the water, but on his own conditions. That is to say, he can invited a group of reporters to accompany him to the Run Run Shaw Creative Media Centre and drink the water from there. Then everything will be documented. But the Student Union is going to accuse him of staging a media circus and disrespecting the students.

- If Way Kuo drank the water this time, the students will come back and force him to drink Dongjing water, then eat pork, then drink powdered baby milk ... They won't ever stop, because all they want is to humiliate the university president.

- The reason why Way Kuo won't drink the water is that he does not trust anything from any self-proclaimed student. That is the gist of the problem -- you can't trust the so-called students anymore.
- The reason why you won't take tap water at a restaurant and why you only drink from unopened bottles is about trust.

- The Student Union acknowledged that the university president responded that the university has a working group looking into the matter. So it is not as if the university is sitting pat and doing nothing. It is the Student Union which wants to politicize the matter, to create an issue where they are already working on. They only wanted a photo of the university president declining to drink from an opened bottle of water, and that proved that the water is lethally dangerous.

- This is yet another case of the damage caused by a tofu-dreg project awarded corruptly to Chinese Communists.
- City University of Hong Kong was founded in 1984 under British colonial administration. If you think that the pipes contain too much lead, you should blame the British colonial government and not the Chinese Communists.
- The British colonial government even allowed leaded gasoline, so that lead was everywhere in the air. That only stopped after the Chinese Communists took Hong Kong back.
- Excuse me, but how do the Chinese Communists come into this? I don't see any Chinese Communists, but I do see the hatred in your heart.
- Interesting. Most of Hong Kong's drinking water comes from the Dongjiang River in China. Are you drinking it now? Even if you say that you only drink Evian, Dongjiang River water shows up in your food. Lead-in-water does not go away by boiling.

- The City University administration is much hated by the students because of this: (SCMP) Pro-democracy academic Joseph Cheng Yu-shek demoted by Hong Kongs City University. May 27, 2015.

A pro-democracy academic at City University has vowed to appeal over the conduct of an investigation by the university that led to his demotion just three months before he was to retire. Professor Joseph Cheng Yu-shek, who is the convenor of the Alliance for True Democracy, said he expected to face pressure because of his political involvement, but he stopped short of accusing the university of punishing him for his activism.

Cheng said yesterday that the decision to demote him from a chair professor to a regular professor was made in March, after several months of investigation into allegations in July that he took the credit for his former research assistant's work in articles published in academic journals more than a decade ago. He was also accused in August of copying an article written by his colleague Dr Jermain Lam Tak-man on the Occupy movement before the protests broke out.

"The [university] did not say I plagiarised, but said I did not use the highest standard" on the work in question, said Cheng, a scholar in the university's department of public policy. "I do not accept this decision as I think I have done nothing wrong."

He insisted he had listed all the sources, and he blamed a university procedure he described as irregular for the decision to demote him. But he did not elaborate because the complaint must be kept confidential. "I have expected this kind of pressure because of my political involvement," Cheng said.

The alliance, an umbrella group of pan-democrats, put forward a three-track proposal to allow the public, political parties and the nominating committee to put forward candidates for the 2017 chief executive election.

A CityU spokeswoman said the two independent committees had completed their investigations and submitted reports to the university's disciplinary committee for follow-up action. "The committee made a decision after a thorough review and informed the provost and Professor Cheng in early March about the decision," she said. "Following established practice, the university will not disclose details to protect individual privacy."

Cheng Man-lung, who worked for Joseph Cheng between September 2002 and January 2003, said in July his former boss inappropriately took lead-author credit on three articles published in 2003 and 2004.

All Joseph Cheng Yu-shek did was commit some academic plagiarism and the university went after him. Academic plagiarism is wrong in most cases, but not when the plagiarist is a pro-democracy activist. This was a blatant case of political persecution.

- City University is no longer a member of the Hong Kong Federation of Students (see #237). That referendum was lost thanks to the ham-fisted performance of the Student Union clowns.

(SCMP) Tianjin's hell on earth as huge chemical blasts decimate Chinese port, killing at least 55. August 14, 2015.

The death toll in Wednesday's huge chemical blast in the Chinese port city of Tianjin has risen to 55, including 17 firefighters, as environmentalists warned that rain forecast to fall today could transfer toxic air-borne chemicals into nearby waterways.

Two massive explosions - one with the force of 21 tonnes of TNT detonating - shortly after 11.30pm on Wednesday in Ruihai International Logistics' hazardous goods warehouse sent huge fireballs into the air.

The city government said 701 people were receiving treatment in hospitals and 71 remained in critical conditions. Four Hongkongers were among the injured and two remained in hospital.

The fire in Tianjin, 140km southeast of Beijing, spread across 20,000 square metres of an industrial park in the city's port. Tall plumes of grey and white smoke and a pungent smell lingered more than a day after the blast, requiring rescue personnel and journalists to wear protective masks. Cargo containers and thousands of vehicles nearby were blown apart, flipped or burnt down. Windows on office and apartment buildings kilometres away were shattered.

The Beijing Times said there were at least 700 tonnes of sodium cyanide, a toxic chemical often used in mining to extract gold, in wooden boxes and metal containers at the blast site. Some of the chemical had been detected in a ditch, suggesting leakage.

Residents said they had difficulty breathing, but authorities said the level of six air pollutants in the city remained acceptable. Authorities predicted the prevailing wind would blow pollutants towards the Bohai Sea, away from Beijing. Witnesses described the blast site as "hell on earth". Some had initially wondered whether the blast was caused by an earthquake or even a nuclear bomb. A 66-year-old man who lives on the 13th floor of a residential building within 1.5km of the site said the blast was worse than an earthquake that killed more than 240,000 people decades ago. "We lived through the Tangshan earthquake in 1976, but last night's explosion was even more horrific. After the deafening sound, the shockwaves came and windows flew out," said the man, who hid in the corner of a room with his wife until firefighters came before 3am to fetch them.

A 55-year-old woman said she was literally blown off her bed by the shockwaves. "Even elevator doors within our building were deformed," she said. Her family escaped from their apartment building and spent the night on the street before being directed to a resettlement camp and barred from returning to their home.

The Beijing News said more than 36 fire fighters were missing; 17 were confirmed dead. More than 6,000 residents were evacuated and half were still waiting to be directed to resettlement spots. More than 1,000 medical staff, including some specialists in burns and orthopaedics from 10 local hospitals had been deployed, according to Tianjin city government officials at a press conference. More than 1,000 officers from the city's fire brigade were dispatched and about 400 members of China's paramilitary forces were helping with the relief and rescue efforts. The head of the Tianjin fire service said they had received alerts from local residents before 11pm.

Photos:

Videos:

(HKG Pao) Tianjin Explosion became the subject of jokes? An apple day makes you cold-blooded? August 14, 2015.

The Tianjin explosion has led to numerous casualties as the Chinese people mourn. But at Apple Daily (Hong Kong)'s Facebook page for this news story, there was a large number of gloating and celebratory comments. How do people get to think and feel this way? Does reading Apple Daily make them cold-blooded? Here is a sample:

David Li: They got it coming.

Tsui Gallant: We thank God the Father for continuing to punish the evil Chinamen. Those who deserve hell go to hell and do no more evil on earth. The people of Hong Kong thank God for his magnificent miracle, amen.

Franklin Leung: Shouldn't there be 500 dead?

Choi Leung: I don't know what else to say other than "Congratulations"! Let's all drink to it!

Don Tam: The next disaster is likely to be the military parade on September 3rd.

Wong Mingming: Where is the next explosion going to occur? It is a whole month before the military parade. Shijiazhuang? Shenyang? Changchun? Or Taiyuan?

Paulo Chiang: May God let the four Hongkongers recover soon. Let the Chinese government enjoy the ten plagues from God.

Peter Siu: In Tianjin, they have the buns known as "Even dogs won't eat it." Now not even people won't live there.

Keith Li. Although this is in bad taste, I still have to ask Paula Tsui to sing congratulations.

Sauman Lui: What is going on? Tianjin explosions, a sinkhole in Dongguan, another explosion in Liaoning. Is this manmade or natural? Is this the end of the world in China? Are the heavens punishing them?

Dave Wong: Paula Tsui take over please.

Chor Shing Wong: Strong Nation's poison gas is not poisonous.

Don Tam: I am deeply concerned for the foreigners living there!

Pok Saiman: As a young democratic country, it is reasonable to donate money to a neighboring country. Hong Kong should donate quickly for disaster relief in their neighboring country.

Louis Danny: Hongkongers will be dead without Chinese aid. They won't have any food to eat. So don't ask Hongkongers to donate money. The mainland visitors are loaded with cash. They can take care of their own. The Hong Kong government should not offer any money.

Leo Ho: The good gets rewarded and the evil gets punished. The only question is whether this takes place sooner or later.

Chun Fu Lung: When will it be the turn for Zhongnanhai, the National People's Congress or Government House (Hong Kong)?

Chan Dickie: There are no explosions in China! Congratulations!

Michael Choi: No need to be afraid: With the Party around, there will be no casualties.

Andrew Au: Dear God, please kill the Chinamen by exploding them.

CK Ma: They will get used to the explosions as they occur over time.

Travis Barker Chan: China is an advanced country. The Chinese people are wealthy. Anyone who donates money to China is looking down on them. Hong Kong, Taiwan and Macau are too poor. They can only send their prayers. Even if the Chinese all die, the Party will still be there.

Jason Tsang: The Chinese people are so proud. When people criticize their country, they retort that they are number one in the world. So now people are dead! They deserve to die! Do you know -- they deserve to die?

Wan Ho Chan: The mainlanders are getting what is due! I hope that you remember how you treat Hong Kong! You invaded and occupied us for 18 years. This is what is due!

Gi Tony: This is just rumors coming from foreign media! They were just setting off fireworks to celebrate the victory in the War of Resistance. They want to destroy our country. We are a strong nation in rising. Our annual GDP has surpassed the sun and chasing down the universe. These foreign imperialists are jealous of our correctness, happiness, joy, equality and wealth under the selfless socialism of Communist paradise!

Chun KA Chan: 700 dead, 50 injured, 4 survivors from Hong Kong

Lam Ka Wai: We the people of Hong Kong don't have much money or many people. Your China has lots of people and lots of money. So the people of Hong Kong aren't needed. You can save yourselves.

Chow Sun-hang: Stop cursing the Chinamen pigs. A happy mushroom festival to them.

Chan Ka Chun: Bomb Beijing as well.

Kin Fai Chap: A nation rises up amidst disasters. It is lucky to be a citizen. Post-disaster reconstruction will raise the GDP even more. We should celebrate this.

(HKG Pao)


Chinamen fucking blew up Tianjin in order to celebrate the 70th anniversary of the Hiroshima atomic bomb


CY Leung welcomes. Godzilla in Tianjin


Latest news: Hong Kong Chief Executive 689 dead in Tianjin explosure.
Sad. Let's have three seconds of silence.
Let us set up a memorial by the roadside with his photo.
May the 689 dog never reach the next life.
As the saying goes, dust to dust, ashes to ashes.
We shouldn't be fucking his mother.

Terence Ng: Why didn't they kill all 1.4 billion people in China! Such a shame!

Crytal Yeung: Those locusts have done too many bad things! May the heavens continue to rain disasters on them. The best thing would be to annihilate their country and exterminate their race.

Ken Ken: Such is the state of things. They should feel glorious to sacrifice themselves! They fucking deserve it! This is better than watching fireworks. They fucking deserve it!

Sosad Leung: Only a few locust Chinamen died. Compared to the total, this is not a lot!

Phoenix Lau: I'll laugh aloud ... I'll even sing.

Kui Kwok: I feel particularly good today.

Eric Yung: RIP to a lot of slaves. What is there to be happy about? But if these were Communist Chinamen, we should celebrate.

Internet comments:

- The key to success for a media organization is that it should be an emotional product that the users have a strong emotional bond with. Apple Daily relies on the emotion known as HATE. If you hate China and its people, you will get your daily dose through Apple Daily.
- But when your emotional product is based upon HATE, advertisers will stay away in droves. Who wants to advertise in this editorial environment?

- Apple Daily logic: With CY Leung in charge, Hong Kong is going to be Tianjin next.
- Indeed, we need to have universal suffrage so that we can have a Bhopal disaster in India or the Kaoshiung gas explosions in Taiwan.

- Schadenfreude? This is easy to do. For example, the New York Times reported: Typhoon Soudelor Kills 6 in Taiwan and Leaves Millions Without Power. How hard is it to turn this in yet another Act of God?

- According to Apple Daily, news of the Tianjin explosion was blacked out in the media. They said that the local Tianjian television stations continued to broadcast Korean dramas instead of covering the incident. So who is being cold-blooded here?
- When Apple Daily reports this, you actually believe this!? The reality is this: All those news reports that you see in Hong Kong and Taiwan did not come from those media outlets having reporters at the scene. Those news reports used coverage coming from mainland news organizations, but without acknowledging the sources. See, for example, the photos at CCTV. Also a search of "Tianjin"+"explosion" at Baidu resulted in 5,380,000 results at this time.

- At worst, the pro-China newspapers won't report on the incident. But Apple Daily is worse because they write fictional reports.
- The reason why Chinese newspapers are careful in their reporting is that they don't want to say anything that is untrue. You can imagine an enthusiastic reporter reporting from outside the hospital: "According to the taxi cab driver who took me here, thousands of people have already died but their bodies were immediately incinerated by the authorities ..." However, Apple Daily does not mind these hearsays. In fact, they depend on them. There were also photographs taken from past disaster scenes (such as the Wenchuan earthquake) including bloody gruesome casualties.
- (Xinmin) More than 360 Weibo/WeChat accounts have been eliminated for spreading rumors about the Tianjin explosion. These included rumors such as "the poisonous gas cloud is now moving towards Beijing," "not a single survivor within a one-mile radius" and "supermarkets are being looted." They also included solicitations for sending donations towards disaster relief care of personal bank accounts.
- Jimmy Lai: Listen you idiots, have your ingested your dose of poisonous fruit today?

- Every time that an incident results in numerous casualties, these Christians praise the Lord for punishing the evil and rewarding the good. On August 6, 1945, the Lord was particularly just for letting 146,000 Japanese citizens perish in Hiroshima. That was not enough for the Lord, because He let another 80,000 Japanese citizens perish in Nagasaki on August 9, 1945.

- (Oriental Daily) August 15, 2015. At around 10am, a 46-year-old woman named Yeung was hit by a taxi near the intersection of To Kwa Wan Road and Lok Shan Road. She bounced off the taxi and fell to the ground with her head hitting the ground first. She lost consciousness immediately. Many pedestrians rushed over and held umbrellas to form a ring around her to shield her from the pouring rain. She was taken by ambulance to the hospital. She is in serious condition.

These pedestrians are being praised for being authentic Hongkongers. If it were up to a Yellow Ribbon, their first action would be to check whether this woman is a mainland middle-aged locust. If she is not, they will offer assistance. If she is, they will ask Paula Tsui to sing congratulations.

- First we got CNN https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U-6ZN3FjcIo Reporter being surrounded at hospital
Now we get: (ECNS)

Quick to blame Chinese officials for forcing its correspondent off air while he reported on the deadly Tianjin blasts, CNN has now retracted its rash comments, but no outright apology has been forthcoming.

The U.S.-based cable news network on Thursday tweeted that its correspondent Will Ripley was interrupted during a live report "by upset friends and relatives of victims killed and injured in the China blasts."

An earlier CNN tweet claiming Ripley was "shut down by officials" while reporting from outside a hospital where many of the survivors of the warehouse blasts are being treated, has been deleted. The incorrect report by one of the world's most powerful media outlets unleashed a torrent of criticism of the Chinese government for its treatment of the foreign press in reporting the tragic events. Reporters from many other international media houses were also reporting in Tianjin.

Local Chinese authorities have confirmed that no government officials had been involved in Thursday morning's scuffle. "We express regrets over this," Gong Jiansheng, a local publicity official, told reporters.

It was not clear why friends and relatives of the victims interrupted Ripley, but in China, the death of a relative is regarded as a deeply personal, family matter and media exposure is seen as intrusive, and hugely disrespectful to the dead.

- (Sky Post) The Difference Between Man and Beast. By Chris Wat Wing-yin. August 18, 2015.

... When I read those Internet comments, apart from the chill in my heart, I felt a chill in my heart.

You have the right to detest CY Leung, you have the right to hate the Communist Party, you have the right to deny that you are Chinese, but you shouldn't let those hatreds turn yourself into a beast.

An Internet user said: "I don't know why, but I couldn't find any sympathy." Let me tell you why: It's because you've lost your humanity. Only beasts remain unmoved by the deaths of their own kind. They even go and feed on the flesh and bones.

Who would hate the ocean just because of the sting of one jellyfish? When you get hurt, you should gain some wisdom as opposed to lose your humanity. When a person no longer has any conscience, why talk about democracy and ideals?

In the previous national disasters, Hongkongers were united. Some donated money, some worked as volunteers, some did nothing except leave some sympathetic comments for the victims and the rescues. Today, China is prosperous and its people are strong whereas Hong Kong is in trouble. It's okay if you don't want to offer any money or effort. But you should save your unkind words, because your Schadenfreude can only bounce back to hurt yourself someday.

This affair has let me see that this has gone beyond being patriotic versus unpatriotic. This is about being human versus beast.

- Here is more about cold-hearted Yellow Ribbons: (HKG Pao) August 20, 2015.

19-year-old British law student and Hong Kong resident Vivian Chan Wing-yan was among those killed in the Bangkok bombing. It was disclosed that her mother was a former senior inspector in the Hong Kong Police force.

On Facebook, a user named Karl Hoo wrote on the page "Self-determination of destiny": "The mother was a pok gai, so the daughter suffered.

On Facebook, another user named Cheung Ray wrote: "In order to demonstrate that I am kind-hearted, I hope that she was blown to smithereens when she died. If she were merely burned to death, I would still think that it was terrible. When you are the daughter of a police officer/_\, you know that you are going to have to pay for it sooner or later/_\."

Previously, Cheung Ray had boasted on Facebook about kicking an elderly female beggar.

(SCMP) Civil disobedience has its consequences. By Alex Lo. July 31, 2015.

Civil disobedience by definition breaks the law. It may be for a good cause but don't be surprised if you get dragged into court and thrown into jail. Do the deed, pay the price. That's how you gain respect; it's certainly not by moaning about it. Yet, many young protesters today seem surprised when they find themselves before a judge; their supporters are outraged.

Deputy Magistrate Michael Chan Pik-kiu has been the target of abuse in court and on the internet ever since he convicted a group of anti-parallel trade protesters for assaulting or obstructing the police. Among these are Ng Lai-ying, convicted of assault and jailed yesterday for three months and 15 days; her boyfriend Kwong Chun-lung, 20, was sentenced to a training centre, while Poon Tsz-hang, 22, was given five months and one week in jail, after both were convicted of obstructing police.

A 14-year-old boy, who was also convicted of assault, was sentenced to a rehabilitation centre.

The defendants have been granted bail to file for appeal.

Sympathetic commentators have ridiculed Ng's conviction for assaulting an officer with her breast, conjuring images of her using her sensitive parts to beat up the hapless officer. But the judge has made it clear the seriousness of her offence was that she falsely counter-accused the police inspector of indecent assault.

Classic civil-disobedience activists accept the consequences of breaching the law, however bad, by taking the punishment. Through their suffering, they expose the illegitimacy of the law and the state that administers it.

Many young protesters today hold no such belief. They do not think they should suffer any consequences, even if they confront and fight police officers, break into private and closed-door meetings and hound whoever disagrees with them. Take those student protesters who effectively hijacked a University of Hong Kong Council meeting this week. They seem to think they are above the law.

There are many liberal or pan-democratic politicians and commentators who encourage or even glorify those youthful protesters.

When you think you are right, you don't need to listen to anyone else. Anything you do is justified.

(Wen Wei Po) August 5, 2015.

20-year-old Chinese University of Hong Kong student of architecture and Neighbourhood and Worker's Service member Yeung Ho-yin was charged with slapping and kicking a police officer, causing a broken middle finger. According to police officer Cheung Kwun-man, about 2,000 demonstrators charged onto Lung Wo Road on the night of November 30. The defendant Yeung Ho-yin suddenly slapped him on the lower right face. Therefore, Cheung pulled Yeung from the crowd, pushed him onto the ground and sat on his back. Cheung said that Yeung kept struggling and kicking him on the leg to cause bleeding. Cheung said that any amount of slapping is a form of assault. The defendant's lawyer accused the police officer reacted only because Yeung said to him: "Do you have the time to flirt with girls?" The police officer disagreed with the defense's assertion.

Another police officer Chen Man-chun testified that when he took out the plastic cuff to help Cheung to subdue Yeung, the defendant jerked the middle finger of his left hand. Chen said: If you can rate pain on a scale of ten, this one was an eight." After Chen took his glove off, he saw that the middle finger on this left hand was red and swollen, as well as being unnaturally crooked.

(Wen Wei Po) August 5, 2015.

20-year-old IVE student Chiu Kwok-hong was charged with throwing a plastic bottle of water at Police Chief Inspector Lee Shek-lun in Yuen Long, hitting Lee on the right leg and causing pain upon touching. In the company of family members, Chiu said that he saw the chief inspector pulling the backpack of a female student, got upset and threw the water bottle. He said that he was sorry afterwards, and he apologized to Lee and his family. The magistrate sentenced Chiu to 80 hours of community service.

(Wen Wei Po) August 7, 2015.

On December 25, 2014 during the Shopping Revolution, 26-year-old Cheng Kam-mun ignored police warnings and forcibly crossed the police cordon in order to cross the street. According to the testimony of the police officer who made the arrest, he observed Cheng ducking underneath the police tape to cross the street. He advised and warned Cheng: "The road is closed! Get back on the sidewalk! Or else I will arrest you for obstructing police duties!" Cheng kept walking while saying: "It's a greenlight!"

The magistrate said that Cheng's crime was "not trivial." After watching the videotape, the magistrate did not believe that Cheng crossed the street because there was a green light. After all, Cheng had to duck under the police tape in order to get onto the roadway. Furthermore, Cheng changed his direction to bypass the policeman who was trying to stop him. There was no evidence that the police assaulted Cheng. Furthermore, Cheng claimed to be hurrying to go home, but his home address of Peace Avenue is in the opposite direction of where he was walking towards.

The defense pleaded that the defendant had to discontinue his studies in Australia because of this case. Furthermore, this particular case was not the most serious among similar cases.

The magistrate found the defendant guilty of the charge. The magistrate said that the defendant "was really being ridiculous" and "making up excuses." The defendant was ordered to be held in detention until the sentencing two weeks later.

(Commercial Radio) August 20, 2015. Cheng Ka-mun was sentenced to 21 days in jail to begin immediately.

(Wen Wei Po) August 10, 2015.

68-year-old Chan So is a retired marine police officer. On October 3, 2014, he was at the the intersection of Rodney Street and Queensway in Admiralty. Chan is being charged with touching a female police sergeant on the breast. At the time, the female sergeant believed that she was being sexually assaulted. So he grabbed Chan by the collar. Chan turned around and fled. The female sergeant chased Chan down Rodney Street and apprehended him at a temporary nursing station.

The magistrate said that the female sergeant testified that she was off duty that day from the Commercial Crime Bureau and saw a male colleague being surrounded by demonstrators. So she went up to offer help when Chan assaulted her. However, the male sergeant testified that he had not been surrounded and cursed out by demonstrators that day, and that the defendant did not touch the female sergeant on the breast. When the two testimonies differ so much, the benefit of doubt belongs to the defendant. Therefore, the magistrate found the defendant not guilty.

However, the magistrate pointed out that Chan declined to testify in court and presented only the police interview video as evidence. The magistrate said that Chan's testimony was dubious, and therefore made Chan pay for the court fees.

(Oriental Daily) August 11, 2015.

49-year-old minibus driver Choi Siu-lun said that he had zero income during the Occupy Central period and he also owed $90,000 in gambling debts. So he agreed to smuggle drugs to Sydney for his friend. On December 21, he and his wife went to Shenzhen when his friend packed 2.2 kg of "ice" worth about $1 million on his waist and thigh. He returned to Hong Kong and proceeded directly to the Hong Kong International Airport. He was arrested in the immigration hall. Choi pleaded guilty to one charge of drug smuggling and was sentenced to 17 years in jail.

Choi studied only as far as Third Year in Middle School. He has a son with his ex-wife. His current wife is a mental patient and therefore Choi is the sole economic support of his family. The defense pleaded that he used to drive the minibus route between Kwun Tong and Sai Wan, making $8,000 a month. During Occupy Central, his income dropped to zero because the route was blocked. Nevertheless, he had to continue to pay for the bus rental fees. His friend promised him to forgive his debt plus an additional $80,000 afterwards. In the end, Choi never received that money.

The judge said that the maximum sentence in such an international smuggle case is 26 years in jail. By pleading guilty, Choi gets a sentence reduction of 1/3. The other conditions cited by the defense resulted in another reduction of 4 years. Therefore, the final sentence was 17 years in jail.

(Wen Wei Po) August 11, 2015.

54-year-old League of Social Democrats member Julie Li Sin-chi sat on the pedestrian sidewalk near the intersection of Lung Wo Road and Tim Wah Road on October 15, 2014. She refused to leave even after ordered by the police. The police arrested her and charged her with obstruction of police duty. The magistrate pointed out that the police were trying to restore order that day.

The magistrate said that the police was trying to re-open Lung Wo Road for vehicular traffic that day. Therefore, "one of the things that they had to do was to clear out the people gathered in the area." Even though Li was on the sidewalk, she was still obstructing police duty. Lee let her body go limp, so that two police officers were needed to carry her away. Clearly her action made it harder for the police to carry out their duties. Therefore the magistrate fined the defendant $2,500.

According to the defense, Li's actions were milder compared to other forms of obstruction of police duty. Furthermore, the defendant had no prior record and also has good character (donating to or otherwise helping the Heep Hong Society, Pok Oi Hospital, etc). Therefore, the defense wanted the magistrate to impose only a monetary fine.

Leung Kwok-hung said that the sentence was "risible." He said that if a person can be found guilty for sitting down and refusing to leave, then at least five hundred Shopping Revolutionaries should be charged too. He criticized the magistrates for looking after the prosecution's interests instead of the rights of the defendants.

Afterwards, Julie Li Sin-chi said that she realized that she had done a lot of good things in her life according to her lawyer. In this case, what she did on October 15 was also "a good thing."

(SCMP) August 12, 2015.

A member of a pro-democracy group was fined HK$2,500 on Tuesday for obstructing two policewomen on the night Civic Party member Ken Tsang Kin-chiu was allegedly assaulted by seven police officers. Although the League of Social Democrats' Julie Li Sin-chi, 54, did not struggle when officers carried her away in Admiralty on October 15, Fanling Court Magistrate Colin Wong Sze-cheung noted that the defendant deliberately relaxed her body, forcing police to remove her. "This act clearly made it more difficult for police to carry out their mission," Wong told Li, before finding her guilty. Wong ordered Li, a clerk and an active fundraiser for underprivileged groups, to pay the fine.

Li denied one count of obstructing a police officer on the night in question. She refused to leave when two policewomen told her three times to do so on Lung Wo Road near Tim Wa Road. Despite convicting Li, the magistrate rejected the account given by the two policewomen and refused to rely on the evidence they gave. They had told the court they waited more than 10 seconds to act after warning Li. But a video played by defence counsel Randy Shek showed they waited only five seconds. Still, the video established that Li knew she had to leave yet did not, Wong said.

Outside court, league lawmaker "Long Hair" Leung Kwok-hung noted that Li's case arose on the same night as the alleged assault on Tsang, which was caught on video and aired across Hong Kong. Leung asked why the names of the seven policemen in Tsang's case had not yet been made public.

(SCMP) August 14, 2015.

Two Hong Kong activists have been convicted for blocking doors at the legislature during a protest against the governments new-town development plans in June last year.

A magistrate said it was common sense for anyone not to block doors, rejecting defence arguments that Cheung Hon-yin, 41, and Wong Kan-yuen, 25, did not get any warnings when they stopped two doors at the Legislative Councils west gate in Admiralty from closing on June 6, 2014. This is common sense. It would be inappropriate for any adult to block other peoples doors, let alone the ones at Legco, Eastern Court magistrate Lee Siu-ho said this morning, before convicting the pair. Lee also said Wong's attempt led to injuries suffered by security guards who were there to handle the crowd.

Their co-defendant, Yip Po-lam, 34, was guilty of remaining inside the Legco complex for more than five hours, Lee ruled.

The trio were taking part in a protest against development plans for the northeastern New Territories. Each had denied one count of contravening an administrative instruction issued under section 8(3) of the Legislative Council (Powers and Privileges) Ordinance.

They were found guilty of violating the instruction, which banned visitors without permits or authorisation in the premises while Legco meetings were ongoing.

Earlier, the court heard Cheung and Wong stopped the doors from closing so protesters could enter the Legco lobby. Yip remained inside the lobby for hours, during which she made two speeches encouraging others to continue staging the protest inside the lawmaking complex.

Lee slammed the duos acts for undermining Legcos system of issuing visitor permits. Yip should have keep to a designated protest zone outside, the magistrate added. He adjourned sentencing to August 28, pending reports on all three defendants.

Outside court, Yip, of the Land Justice League, said they would continue to protest against the controversial government plan both inside and outside Legco as lawmakers had failed to listen to residents in the affected areas.

(Bastille Post) August 14, 2015.

(Oriental Daily) August 28, 2015.

The magistrate pointed out that the defendants violated the visitor regulations at the Legislative Council. While it is a good thing to be socially concerned, it is wrong to use illegal methods even if the aims were noble. Such actions may get media attention for a moment, but the public will merely notice the actions and not the purposes.

The magistrate said that these three cases were more serious than similar ones, and the probation officer's report indicate that these individuals are not suitable for community service. Therefore, the magistrate sentenced Yi Po-lam to two weeks in jail, Cheung Hon-yin to one week in jail and Wong Kan-yuen to three weeks in jail.

Videos:

Internet Comments:

- (Wen Wei Po) August 15, 2015. 42-year-old Hong Kong Priority convener Dickson Cheung Hon-yin grew up in Tai Po. Because he is obese, he claims to have a heart condition that resulted in his heart operating only at 20% of normal efficiency. Therefore, he cannot work and his family of five lives off government welfare payments that amounted to close to $30,000 per month. Cheung also says that he is a full-time social activist. On December 26, 2013, he and other Hong Kong Priority members held up the British flag and intruded into the People's Liberation Army barracks in Tamar. He was arrested, found guilty and fined $2,000.
- By the way, Cheung Hon-yin moved from immigrated from mainland China around the time of the 1997 handover. He is a "Locust".

- Fuck! It's always the same people. They are the ones who barged into the People's Liberation Army barracks. They are the ones who opposed developing North East New Territories. They are the ones who charge into the Legislative Council. They are the ones who ran Occupy Central. No matter what the government does, they will show up and protest violently. Now that they have been found guilty, will they be made to provide 80 hours of community service each?  With people like these (including the judges), how can Hong Kong not be in total chaos?

(Wen Wei Po) August 5, 2015.

20-year-old Chinese University of Hong Kong student of architecture and Neighbourhood and Worker's Service member Yeung Ho-yin was charged with slapping and kicking a police officer, causing a broken middle finger. According to police officer Cheung Kwun-man, about 2,000 demonstrators charged onto Lung Wo Road on the night of November 30. The defendant Yeung Ho-yin suddenly slapped him on the lower right face. Therefore, Cheung pulled Yeung from the crowd, pushed him onto the ground and sat on his back. Cheung said that Yeung kept struggling and kicking him on the leg to cause bleeding. Cheung said that any amount of slapping is a form of assault. The defendant's lawyer accused the police officer reacted only because Yeung said to him: "Do you have the time to flirt with girls?" The police officer disagreed with the defense's assertion.

Another police officer Chen Man-chun testified that when he took out the plastic cuff to help Cheung to subdue Yeung, the defendant jerked the middle finger of his left hand. Chen said: If you can rate pain on a scale of ten, this one was an eight." After Chen took his glove off, he saw that the middle finger on this left hand was red and swollen, as well as being unnaturally crooked.

(EJinsight) August 26, 2015.

A student neighborhood volunteer has had assault charges against him thrown out by a Hong Kong magistrates court. 

Magistrate Lee Siu-ho said there was insufficient evidence against Yeung Ho-yin, a third-year architecture student at the Chinese University of Hong Kong and a volunteer of the Neighborhood and Workers Service Center.

Yeung had been charged with assaulting two police officers during last years democracy protests.

Cheung Kwun-man, one of the plaintiffs, claimed he had made a report to a doctor about his injuries. However, the doctor denied having received such a report. Also, video evidence showed Yeung was far back from a police line, not in front as described by Cheung, during the alleged assault. A second plaintiff, Chan Man-chun, said he sustained a sprain in a middle finger from the attack.

Lee accepted the defense argument that Cheung could not have attacked the officers because they had pinned him to the ground in the first place. And Chan wore protective gloves, so the injury was unlikely, Lee said.  Lee described the officers testimony as dubious. 

Yeung later told reporters the verdict was nothing to celebrate, saying the system is unjust and the case was a waste of taxpayers money.

The case stemmed from a Nov. 30, 2014 incident when dozens of protesters crossed a police line in Admiralty. The two officers were part of a contingent on patrol at the protest site. Yeung was among about 2,000 protesters.

Yeung said he was immediately taken away and accused of assault by the policemen after telling Cheung theres still time to flirt.

(Wen Wei Po) August 5, 2015.

20-year-old IVE student Chiu Kwok-hong was charged with throwing a plastic bottle of water at Police Chief Inspector Lee Shek-lun in Yuen Long, hitting Lee on the right leg and causing pain upon touching. In the company of family members, Chiu said that he saw the chief inspector pulling the backpack of a female student, got upset and threw the water bottle. He said that he was sorry afterwards, and he apologized to Lee and his family. The magistrate sentenced Chiu to 80 hours of community service.

(Wen Wei Po) August 7, 2015.

On December 25, 2014 during the Shopping Revolution, 26-year-old Cheng Kam-mun ignored police warnings and forcibly crossed the police cordon in order to cross the street. According to the testimony of the police officer who made the arrest, he observed Cheng ducking underneath the police tape to cross the street. He advised and warned Cheng: "The road is closed! Get back on the sidewalk! Or else I will arrest you for obstructing police duties!" Cheng kept walking while saying: "It's a greenlight!"

The magistrate said that Cheng's crime was "not trivial." After watching the videotape, the magistrate did not believe that Cheng crossed the street because there was a green light. After all, Cheng had to duck under the police tape in order to get onto the roadway. Furthermore, Cheng changed his direction to bypass the policeman who was trying to stop him. There was no evidence that the police assaulted Cheng. Cheng claimed to be hurrying to go home, but his home address of Peace Avenue is in the opposite direction of where he was walking towards.

The defense pleaded that the defendant had to discontinue his studies in Australia because of this case. Furthermore, this particular case was not the most serious among similar cases.

The magistrate found the defendant guilty of the charge. The magistrate said that the defendant "was really being ridiculous" and "making up excuses." The defendant was ordered to be held in detention until the sentencing two weeks later.

(Wen Wei Po) August 10, 2015.

68-year-old Chan So is a retired marine police officer. On October 3, 2014, he was at the the intersection of Rodney Street and Queensway in Admiralty. Chan is being charged with touching a female police sergeant on the breast. At the time, the female sergeant believed that she was being sexually assaulted. So he grabbed Chan by the collar. Chan turned around and fled. The female sergeant chased Chan down Rodney Street and apprehended him at a temporary nursing station.

The magistrate said that the female sergeant testified that she was off duty that day from the Commercial Crime Bureau and saw a male colleague being surrounded by demonstrators. So she went up to offer help when Chan assaulted her. However, the male sergeant testified that he had not been surrounded and cursed out by demonstrators that day, and that the defendant did not touch the female sergeant on the breast. When the two testimonies differ so much, the benefit of doubt belongs to the defendant. Therefore, the magistrate found the defendant not guilty.

However, the magistrate pointed out that Chan declined to testify in court and presented only the police interview video as evidence. The magistrate said that Chan's testimony was dubious, and therefore made Chan pay for the court fees.

(Oriental Daily) August 11, 2015.

49-year-old minibus driver Choi Siu-lun said that he had zero income during the Occupy Central period and he also owed $90,000 in gambling debts. So he agreed to smuggle drugs to Sydney for his friend. On December 21, he and his wife went to Shenzhen when his friend packed 2.2 kg of "ice" worth about $1 million on his waist and thigh. He returned to Hong Kong and proceeded directly to the Hong Kong International Airport. He was arrested in the immigration hall. Choi pleaded guilty to one charge of drug smuggling and was sentenced to 17 years in jail.

Choi studied only as far as Third Year in Middle School. He has a son with his ex-wife. His current wife is a mental patient and therefore Choi is the sole economic support of his family. The defense pleaded that he used to drive the minibus route between Kwun Tong and Sai Wan, making $8,000 a month. During Occupy Central, his income dropped to zero because the route was blocked. Nevertheless, he had to continue to pay for the bus rental fees. His friend promised him to forgive his debt plus an additional $80,000 afterwards. In the end, Choi never received that money.

The judge said that the maximum sentence in such an international smuggle case is 26 years in jail. By pleading guilty, Choi gets a sentence reduction of 1/3. The other conditions cited by the defense resulted in another reduction of 4 years. Therefore, the final sentence was 17 years in jail.

(Wen Wei Po) August 11, 2015.

54-year-old League of Social Democrats member Julie Li Sin-chi sat on the pedestrian sidewalk near the intersection of Lung Wo Road and Tim Wah Road on October 15, 2014. She refused to leave even after ordered by the police. The police arrested her and charged her with obstruction of police duty. The magistrate pointed out that the police were trying to restore order that day.

The magistrate said that the police was trying to re-open Lung Wo Road for vehicular traffic that day. Therefore, "one of the things that they had to do was to clear out the people gathered in the area." Even though Li was on the sidewalk, she was still obstructing police duty. Lee let her body go limp, so that two police officers were needed to carry her away. Clearly her action made it harder for the police to carry out their duties. Therefore the magistrate fined the defendant $2,500.

According to the defense, Li's actions were milder compared to other forms of obstruction of police duty. Furthermore, the defendant had no prior record and also has good character (donating to or otherwise helping the Heep Hong Society, Pok Oi Hospital, etc). Therefore, the defense wanted the magistrate to impose only a monetary fine.

Leung Kwok-hung said that the sentence was "risible." He said that if a person can be found guilty for sitting down and refusing to leave, then at least five hundred Shopping Revolutionaries should be charged too. He criticized the magistrates for looking after the prosecution's interests instead of the rights of the defendants.

Afterwards, Julie Li Sin-chi said that she realized that she had done a lot of good things in her life according to her lawyer. In this case, what she did on October 15 was also "a good thing."

(SCMP) August 12, 2015.

A member of a pro-democracy group was fined HK$2,500 on Tuesday for obstructing two policewomen on the night Civic Party member Ken Tsang Kin-chiu was allegedly assaulted by seven police officers. Although the League of Social Democrats' Julie Li Sin-chi, 54, did not struggle when officers carried her away in Admiralty on October 15, Fanling Court Magistrate Colin Wong Sze-cheung noted that the defendant deliberately relaxed her body, forcing police to remove her. "This act clearly made it more difficult for police to carry out their mission," Wong told Li, before finding her guilty. Wong ordered Li, a clerk and an active fundraiser for underprivileged groups, to pay the fine.

Li denied one count of obstructing a police officer on the night in question. She refused to leave when two policewomen told her three times to do so on Lung Wo Road near Tim Wa Road. Despite convicting Li, the magistrate rejected the account given by the two policewomen and refused to rely on the evidence they gave. They had told the court they waited more than 10 seconds to act after warning Li. But a video played by defence counsel Randy Shek showed they waited only five seconds. Still, the video established that Li knew she had to leave yet did not, Wong said.

Outside court, league lawmaker "Long Hair" Leung Kwok-hung noted that Li's case arose on the same night as the alleged assault on Tsang, which was caught on video and aired across Hong Kong. Leung asked why the names of the seven policemen in Tsang's case had not yet been made public.

(SCMP) August 14, 2015.

Two Hong Kong activists have been convicted for blocking doors at the legislature during a protest against the governments new-town development plans in June last year.

A magistrate said it was common sense for anyone not to block doors, rejecting defence arguments that Cheung Hon-yin, 41, and Wong Kan-yuen, 25, did not get any warnings when they stopped two doors at the Legislative Councils west gate in Admiralty from closing on June 6, 2014. This is common sense. It would be inappropriate for any adult to block other peoples doors, let alone the ones at Legco, Eastern Court magistrate Lee Siu-ho said this morning, before convicting the pair. Lee also said Wong's attempt led to injuries suffered by security guards who were there to handle the crowd.

Their co-defendant, Yip Po-lam, 34, was guilty of remaining inside the Legco complex for more than five hours, Lee ruled.

The trio were taking part in a protest against development plans for the northeastern New Territories. Each had denied one count of contravening an administrative instruction issued under section 8(3) of the Legislative Council (Powers and Privileges) Ordinance.

They were found guilty of violating the instruction, which banned visitors without permits or authorisation in the premises while Legco meetings were ongoing.

Earlier, the court heard Cheung and Wong stopped the doors from closing so protesters could enter the Legco lobby. Yip remained inside the lobby for hours, during which she made two speeches encouraging others to continue staging the protest inside the lawmaking complex.

Lee slammed the duos acts for undermining Legcos system of issuing visitor permits. Yip should have keep to a designated protest zone outside, the magistrate added. He adjourned sentencing to August 28, pending reports on all three defendants.

Outside court, Yip, of the Land Justice League, said they would continue to protest against the controversial government plan both inside and outside Legco as lawmakers had failed to listen to residents in the affected areas.

(Oriental Daily) August 26, 2015.

18-year-old Form 5 student Law Cheuk-yung was accused for participating in an unlawful assembly with unknown other individuals on October 14, 2014. The prosecutor summoned a number of police officers to testify. They said that the defendant was standing on the meridian on Lung Wo Road. The defendant tossed four traffic cones onto the eastbound car lane in order to block vehicular traffic. The defendant also spread his hands to call other demonstrators to join him. One male and one female uniformed officer took the defendant away. On the way out, they were attacked by other demonstrators using arms and umbrellas. Another plainclothes policeman went up to assist his uniformed colleagues, and fell down on the ground. The police ultimately used pepper spray to disperse the crowd and took the defendant away.

The defense played a video that showed that the defendant did not struggle or resist. He only held up his hands high. Other demonstrators rushed up and shouted: "Organized crime! Release him!"

The defendant chose not to defend himself. No witnesses were summoned on behalf of the defense. The magistrate determined that the evidence exists to find the defendant guilty. In summation, the defense said that there was no evidence of any degree of violence by the defendant. Nothing he did was provocative or intimidating, and his actions did not disturb the social peace. Furthermore, the witnesses for the prosecution only saw one person tossing traffic cones, so this was an individual activity and not a mass action. Therefore the charge of unlawful assembly should be dismissed.

Internet comments:

- The Battle of Lung Wo Road occurred because Hong Kong Baptist University Department of Social Work lecturer Shiu Ka-chun released false information and told everybody by the Admiralty grandstand that the police had just fired teargas and therefore everybody should immediately rush over to Lung Wo Road. Shiu Ka-chun said that he was ready to die (see SCMP). Law Cheuk-yung does not have to die. He will at most do some jail time. Meanwhile Shiu Ka-chun is alive and well.

- (Economic Times)

Daughter of Alan Leong to Perform in Hamlet of Shakespeares Globe, Arriving in Hong Kong in September 2015.

All the worlds a stage!, Shakespeares Globe started the tour of Hamlet to celebrate the 450th birthday of Shakespeare, the 12 performers are indeed international, including the daughter of Civic Party's Alan Leong (a member of the Legislative Council in Hong Kong), they will be in Hong Kong in September for 5 shows. Hamlet is one of the best known plays of Shakespeare, and this is the 3rd drama to come to Hong Kong by Shakespeares Globe.

There is a Hong Kong representative this time, Jennifer Leong (age 26), she has informed her family and friends in Hong Kong. This is the first time she formally participated in the show of the Globe, I feel so lucky to be part of this 2-years tour!

The role of Hamlet would be shifted between Ladi Emeruwa and Naeem Hayat, other people would shift to play 2 or 3 roles.  Jennifer will be Ophelia, as well as another 2 male roles, Horatio and Rosencrantz. She talks about the 3 roles. I remember when I was performing in the capital of Kenya, a schoolmate that I havent met for 7 years was there in the audience; also the Caribbean area is so beautiful. It is one year to go for this project, of course I would hope to have other future opportunities of being a professional performer.

While Jennifer Leong goes on a global Shakespeare tour, Law Cheuk-yung is probably going to jail. So let us all greet Jennifer Leong with opened yellow umbrellas when her show starts.

- Cap 245 S18 Unlawful assembly:

(1) When 3 or more persons, assembled together, conduct themselves in a disorderly, intimidating, insulting or provocative manner intended or likely to cause any person reasonably to fear that the persons so assembled will commit a breach of the peace, or will by such conduct provoke other persons to commit a breach of the peace, they are an unlawful assembly. (Amended 31 of 1970 s. 11)

(2) It is immaterial that the original assembly was lawful if being assembled, they conduct themselves in such a manner as aforesaid.

(3) Any person who takes part in an assembly which is an unlawful assembly by virtue of subsection (1) shall be guilty of the offence of unlawful assembly and shall be liable- (Amended 31 of 1970 s. 11)

(a) on conviction on indictment, to imprisonment for 5 years; and
(b) on summary conviction, to a fine at level 2 and to imprisonment for 3 years.

Was this an unlawful assembly? See Passion Times for the record. There were more than 3 persons. They were assembled together. They conducted themselves in a disorderly, intimidating, insulting and provocative manner. They caused a breach of the peace. Therefore they are an unlawful assembly.

- Coming out for the trial today, he looks solemn and proper for the Apple Daily reporter.

When a reporter from another newspaper tries to take photos on another occasion (see Oriental Daily), he is a screaming ("You better not fucking take photos!") maniac.  This is typical Yellow Ribbon bipolar disorder.

- From Hong Kong film director Wong Jing: "One after another, those who assaulted the police during Occupy Central were taken to court and sent to jail or sentenced to community service! Upon careful analysis, there are only two types of persons: students and unemployed persons! This showed just what the pan-democrats and Jimmy "Fat Guy" Lai have wrought! They deceived those who are not strong on analytical ability, as well as those long-term unemployed/unemployable individuals who hate society. However, none of their own children even participated. They only deceive other people's children to die. They are so selfish! If you trust Jimmy Lai, even female pigs can climb up trees!

(SCMP) How Hong Kong got under the skin of United States Consul General Clifford Hart. August 10, 2015.

Clifford Hart has been America's top man in Hong Kong since 2013 and is perhaps the best-known and most-talked-about diplomat in this otherwise locally-focused society.

What is less well known about the influential envoy, however, is that the same city was where he stopped over on his trans-Pacific journey to his first ever diplomatic posting in Guangzhou nearly three decades earlier.

"When I came through here in 1984, Hong Kong got under my skin almost immediately," Hart told the South China Morning Post in an interview conducted at his residence on The Peak. "I have had a deep abiding interest in Hong Kong ever since then."

While he had been assigned all over the world, from Baghdad to Beijing, from the Soviet Union to his home country, "I would still be reading about Hong Kong and following it closely", said Hart, whose most recent appointment was as US special envoy to the six-party talks on North Korea's nuclear programme.

Asia has always been in the family blood. Hart's grandfather was a US navy officer and a slave labourer in a Hitachi prisoner-of-war camp in Tokyo during the second world war.

Hart will be bidding farewell to Asia next year, but he shows no eagerness for a retiree's life yet.

"There is always the possibility that I'll stay in the diplomatic service - the State Department can always surprise you.

"It will be 33 years next year when I leave here. That's a good time. This is a very satisfying and I think reasonably successful career," he said.

Or, he might move to the private sector, "whether it's based in Asia or back in the United States - I'm really quite flexible".

One of the issues that he hopes to focus on before he leaves is to follow up on the State Department's report on human trafficking, which gives Hong Kong a damning tier 2 ranking, putting it on par with Ethiopia and the like and suggesting the government was not being responsive enough.

"Hong Kong would be unusual if it didn't have a problem, not if it did," he said in response, again calling on the government to devise an anti-trafficking law.

But on other areas the government should focus on, he shied away from specifics, saying: "I am a US diplomat and I am not an economist or long-term economic strategist."

He is also a cook, though, one that specialises in Sichuan cuisine.

"I have very few frustrations here in Hong Kong, but one of them is I don't cook [because] I have a professional chef," he said. "The kitchen in this residence is really his field of battle."

The battlefield could as well be online. Hart is most likely the highest-profile diplomat by posting selfies on the consulate's social media page wherever he goes.

"I never came with a strategy to use Facebook," he said, commenting on posts that earn him such fancy reactions as "Welcome, the 29th Governor of Hong Kong".

But apart from the "powerful" modern technology through which he is "pretty often" recognised by passers-by, Hart equally appreciates the traditional Chinese culture here.

To Hart, Chinese culture is preserved better here than on the mainland. "It's recovering on the mainland but it will take a long time to recover, whereas [in] Hong Kong it's just intact," he said.

Asked what he would miss most in Hong Kong following his departure, the unprepared Hart giggled. "Oh my gosh. Again, very hard to answer that in one single thing."

Finally, he did find one thing he would miss.

"My greatest pleasure is walking through neighbourhoods [and] watching people live their lives. I find the southern Chinese urban life really interesting," he said. "You have people who are indisputably part of the 5,000-year tradition of Chinese culture living in a first-world place with rule of law and transparent government. I will miss that daily exposure to China through Hong Kong when I leave here.

"It is the one true first-world part of the People's Republic of China."

(SCMP) August 10, 2015.

The top US representative in Hong Kong has called on the city to return to the "pragmatic and moderate mainstream" path and work towards the goal of achieving full democracy.

Clifford Hart, US consul general to Hong Kong and Macau, said the rights guaranteed to Hongkongers under the "one country, two systems" principle had remained strong since the handover and rejected the suggestion that the city had become ungovernable.

Hart was speaking to the South China Morning Post in a wide-ranging interview - the first of a series with Hong Kong-based diplomats.

The veteran diplomat said the 1-year debate on Hong Kong's electoral reform had been "bruising" and had polarised the city.

"I think you hear a limited number of extreme voices at both ends of the political spectrum. I don't think that's Hong Kong's real personality," he said.

"I think Hong Kong tends towards pragmatic and moderate mainstream. So the most important thing for Hong Kong to do right now is to go back to those hallmark qualities that Hong Kong has.

"Put up your dialogue across the political spectrum. There are different views here and it's entirely healthy. You would expect there to be different views on how Hong Kong should be governed," he said. "The question is: how are the differences resolved in the interest of Hong Kong people?"

Hart, who assumed his Hong Kong post in July 2013, noted that the city was facing a lot of challenges, and the debate on universal suffrage was just one of them.

He dismissed speculation among certain quarters in the pro-establishment camp that the US consulate in Hong Kong had been recruiting more staff and was home to more than 1,000 employees.

"This is absurd, nonsense, downright silly. I mean it can't be taken seriously. Someone even suggested there are thousands of people in the consulate in Hong Kong. In fact the Hong Kong government knows exactly - exactly how many US diplomats are here because they provide our credentials.

"There are no more than 140. It's consistent with our work in a whole range of areas here," Hart said, citing strong ties between Hong Kong and his country in the areas of commerce and culture.

Hart acknowledged that Hong Kong enjoyed a range of guaranteed rights for its citizens. "These are important to its prosperity and brilliant success. I think we see right now Hong Kong is still quite strong," he said.

He also rejected the notion of the city becoming ungovernable. "Like I often tell my friends, I wish every ungovernable place were as well-governed as Hong Kong is," he said. "There is effective rule of law, an open society and transparent government."

Asked if the Hong Kong government's refusal to detain whistle-blower Edward Snowden in 2013 had any negative impact on the discussion on the waiver of US visa requirements for Hongkongers, the US consul general insisted the two issues were not connected.

"The underlying consideration is that the way US law is written, visa waiver, once approved, can only be done so for a sovereign state. Hong Kong is not a sovereign state," he said.

"I don't see that's going to be overcome any time soon ... I don't see that happening any time soon. I would urge [local people] to appreciate that there is no lack of respect for Hong Kong."

Hong Kong has been lobbying the US government for many years to be put on the visa waiver programme, which allows travellers visa-free access for tourism or business in the US for up to 90 days.

During his trip to the US in 2011, then chief executive Donald Tsang Yam-kuen raised the issue with then US secretary of state Hillary Clinton.

Tsang had said at the time that the US government was positive about waiving visa requirements for Hongkongers.

Taiwanese residents were granted visa-free access in 2012 under a special arrangement.

Despite his appreciation of the strengths of Hong Kong, Hart called on the city to improve its copyright law, which he described as "seriously outdated".

Internet comments:

- Clifford Hart is making it very clear that Hongkongers will acquire visa-free status only if Hong Kong becomes an independent sovereign country. Well, now we know what we need to do ...
- Yes, I know what you mean. We are going to occupy the American Consulate on 25 Garden Road, Hong Kong Island and hold the place until the US government concedes to our demands. We know that there are US marines guarding the location. But we are the Valiant Warriors of the Hong Kong City-State, and we will defeat those machine-gun-armed marines with our bare hands.

- Thank God I don't use a Hong Kong SAR passport. I have a BNO passport.
- Eh, you still need a visa to visit the United States with a BNO passport (see Wikipedia).
- A few years ago, my friend and I traveled to Europe. The Iceland volcano spewed ashes and air traffic was halted for several days. My friend used a BNO passport and he was restricted to the airport in Germany. I used a HK SAR passport and I was free to go around.
- The BNO passport will get you visa-free to Uranus (=Your Anus).

- Clearly Clifford Hart is saying that Taiwan is a sovereign country. When will Taiwan declare itself to be a sovereign country and apply for United Nations membership?
- The application for UN membership will be automatically vetoed by Security Council permanent member China.
- The moment when Taiwan declares itself a sovereign country is when the Chinese cruise missiles start raining down.
-
The relevant statement is this: With respect to all references to country or countries, it should be noted that the Taiwan Relations Act of 1979, Pub. L. No. 96-8, Section 4(b)(1), provides that [w]henever the laws of the United States refer or relate to foreign countries, nations, states, governments, or similar entities, such terms shall include and such laws shall apply with respect to Taiwan.  22 U.S.C. 3303(b)(1).  Accordingly, all references to country or countries in the Visa Waiver Program authorizing legislation, Section 217 of the Immigration and Nationality Act, 8 U.S.C. 1187, are read to include Taiwan.  This is consistent with the United States one-China policy, under which the United States has maintained unofficial relations with Taiwan since 1979.
- If Taiwan is a sovereign country, then how come the United States does not maintain an embassy. In fact, the United States does not even have any consulates in Taiwan. There is only the private, non-profit corporation known as the American Institute of Taiwan to represent the United States.

- The problem is that the HK SAR government hands out passport to all permanent residents. If they were more restrictive and give passports only to high-quality, high-education and high-income Hong Kong elites and not to poor-quality, poor-education and low-income bums, there wouldn't be any visa requirements anywhere in the world.
- The criterion for having a HK SAR passport is that the holder must be born in Hong Kong. All foreign-born persons (with or with right of abode) should not be allowed to hold HK SAR passports. This will make sure that Hongkongers get respected all over the world.
- Many mainlanders are getting HK SAR government, and that is why the United States shouldn't give visa-free status to Hongkongers. Japan allows Hongkongers to go there visa-free. That is wrong. Japan should rescind the policy immediately until Hong Kong makes sure that mainlanders can't hold HK SAR passports.

- History: (Christian Science Monitor) August 7, 2015.

China and the Soviet Union, the two largest communist nations, both could send growing numbers of emigrs to the United States - but for opposite reasons. In the USSR, the new policy of openness allows growing numbers of Soviets to seek a fresh start in the US. In China, repression is driving people toward the West.

Currently, the Chinese emigr'e focus is on Hong Kong, which reverts to Chinese rule in 1997 under a treaty with Great Britain. China's recent military repression of the student democracy movement sent shivers through Hong Kong - population 3.4 million.

The United States accepts up to 5,000 Hong Kong citizens as immigrants each year. One bill now moving through Congress would double that. But Rep. John Porter (R) of Illinois doesn't think that measure goes far enough, and has introduced legislation that would increase Hong Kong's quota to 50,000 a year.

According to a Porter aide, the bill has three purposes:

1. Send China a message: If Chinese repression continues, the US will provide a safety valve to let people out. The result would be a ``brain drain'' that would leave little for the Chinese to take over.

2. Send Britain a message. If the United Kingdom won't allow Hong Kong residents to emigrate to Britain, even though they carry British passports, then the UK should at least lead a Western effort to save the people of the colony.

3. Send Hong Kong a message. If no one else will help, ``the US should welcome them because they are exactly the kind of people we want, people with an understanding of capitalism and great entrepreneurial ability.''

The Porter aide, who asked not to be identified, says fears that 3.4 million Chinese from Hong Kong would swamp London are groundless. It is estimated that about 6 percent, or just over 200,000 people, would migrate to Britain if they were free to do so, the aide says.

Presently about 45,000 people a year leave Hong Kong. Most go to Singapore, Canada, Australia, and the US.

The aide says Mr. Porter feels Asian immigrants are making important contributions to America. So would the people of Hong Kong, he says.

''This is an historic and unique situation,'' the aide contends. ``Porter says these people deserve special status. They would not be a burden on our economy. And they should fit in here because they have already been acclimated to British-type society.'

- (Local Press) Wan Chin's response to Clifford Hart: Parliamentary Cabinet is Pragmatic, Moderate Mainstream Democracy. August 12, 2015.

Translated by Chapman Chen.

In an interview given to the South China Morning Post on 10 August, Clifford Hart, US consul general to Hong Kong and Macau, called on the city to return to the pragmatic and moderate mainstream" path and work towards the target of achieving full democracy. In commenting on Hong Kongs political situation, Clifford said the rights guaranteed to Hongkongers under the one country, two systems" principle had remained solid since 1997 and rejected the suggestion that the city had become ungovernable.

He thought that rule of law was still valid in Hong Kong, that Hong Kong was an open society and its government was transparent. He also pointed out that Hong Kong needed to take a pragmatic, moderate mainstream path in order to attain full democracy.

On 11 August, on his facebook wall, the Hong Kong scholar, Dr. Wan Chin responded to Cliffords saying by asserting, The Legislative Council shall be elected by universal suffrage as scheduled in 2020, after which the legislators shall nominate Chief Executive candidates and then put them to the vote. This moderate proposal of legislators nominating Chief Executive candidates has been covertly endorsed by US consul general.

In an exclusive telephone interview given to Local Press, Wan Chin explained that the so-called pragmatic and moderate mainstream path precisely referred to parliamentary nomination, the mainstream election system practiced in most European countries. The civic nomination system proposed by the pan-democracy camp is not the mainstream amongst democratic countries all over the world; and civic nomination may just serve as a specimen or a remedial system.

Not a single political party in Hong Kong has put forth the parliamentary cabinet system; they all run towards different extremes. Actually, the nomination committee required in the Basic Law may be interpreted as the entire Legislative Council.

In the Hong Kong City-State Summit II held on 29 July, apart from recommending the parliamentary nomination system, Wan Chin also stressed that In the all-round direct election of Legco, the elected legislators got to give up any foreign nationality. And the legislators, by way of internal consultation, shall nominate from among themselves Chief Executive nominates and then put them to the vote.

As pointed out by Wan Chin, parliamentary nomination coupled with the regulation that elected legislators have to renounce their foreign nationalities, will help to solve the two major current problems of Hong Kong:- the ruling regimes failure to govern and unclearness of loyalty of Hong Kong residents. It will enable local interests to be properly taken care of and make the absentee middle class and the rich and the powerful in Hong Kong to return to the local.

Most importantly, Hong Kong will be returned to the hands of the local people and will no longer just serve the interest of Communist China, America, or any other foreign countries. When Hong Kong returns to the right path, it will also become a model of Orthodox Chinese culture, which in turn will contribute to the rise of an Orthodox Chinese Confederate.

Internet comments:

- At least Wan Chin dared to go where Clifford Hart didn't -- he pointed out that "the civic nomination system proposed by the pan-democracy camp is not the mainstream amongst democratic countries all over the world." That is to say, the pan-democrats wanted civic nomination because it is an "international standard" when in fact such a system is not used in the United States, United Kingdom, France, Germany, Australia, New Zealand, Japan and all other major countries except Russia. Clifford Hart did not care to mention this little detail.

- So Wan Chin wants the Legislative Council members to nominate Chief Executive candidates from among themselves (and only from among themselves). This means the last three Chief Executives (Tung Chee-hwa, Donald Tsang, CY Leung) are ineligible under this system. Tung's background as a businessman with mainland connections, Donald Tsang's background as Chief Secretary of the Hong Kong SAR Government, and CY Leung's background as Executive Council member are apparently all useless. Instead, the only requirement for Chief Executive is being a current member of the Legislative Council.

Will the people of Hong Kong be satisfied with these choices? The last time that Hong Kong University Public Opinion Programme asked about satisfaction with the Legislative Council members, they found (see Data):

December 2011
16.9%: Positive
28.0%: Half-half
48.7%: Negative
6.4%: Don't know/hard to say

That 16.9% would be delighted, but the 48.7% would not be amused.

That data came from 2011. Today, we expect the numbers to be much worse after the debacle of Occupy Central for the pan-democratic camp and the Constitutional Reform vote for the pro-establishment camp.

The point of civil nomination is that practically anyone who wants to run for Chief Executive can do so. Wan Chin is proposing an even more restrictive system than the government's proposal that was vetoed by the pan-democrats. Wan Chin's proposal will be rejected by both camps.

- Here is a YouTube video https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fp9IkCrVXXQ in which someone has made a cartoon off Wan Chin's demonstration in Mong Kok on how to wield a shield that was made out of a suitcase to vanquish the Hong Kong Police and the People's Liberation Army.

Such behavior is not 'pragmatic, moderate mainstream.'

- Wan Chin says: "Actually, the nomination committee required in the Basic Law may be interpreted as the entire Legislative Council."

Basic Law Article 45

The Chief Executive of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall be selected by election or through consultations held locally and be appointed by the Central People's Government.

The method for selecting the Chief Executive shall be specified in the light of the actual situation in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and in accordance with the principle of gradual and orderly progress. The ultimate aim is the selection of the Chief Executive by universal suffrage upon nomination by a broadly representative nominating committee in accordance with democratic procedures.

The specific method for selecting the Chief Executive is prescribed in Annex I: "Method for the Selection of the Chief Executive of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region".

Basic Law Annex I

1. The Chief Executive shall be elected by a broadly representative Election Committee in accordance with this Law and appointed by the Central People's Government.

#2. The Election Committee shall be composed of 800 members from the following sectors:

Industrial, commercial and financial sectors 200
The professions 200
Labour, social services, religious and other sectors 200
Members of the Legislative Council, representatives of district-based organizations, Hong Kong deputies to the National People's Congress, and representatives of Hong Kong members of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference 200


The term of office of the Election Committee shall be five years.

3. The delimitation of the various sectors, the organizations in each sector eligible to return Election Committee members and the number of such members returned by each of these organizations shall be prescribed by an electoral law enacted by the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region in accordance with the principles of democracy and openness.

Corporate bodies in various sectors shall, on their own, elect members to the Election Committee, in accordance with the number of seats allocated and the election method as prescribed by the electoral law.

Members of the Election Committee shall vote in their individual capacities.

#4. Candidates for the office of Chief Executive may be nominated jointly by not less than 100 members of the Election Committee. Each member may nominate only one candidate.

5. The Election Committee shall, on the basis of the list of nominees, elect the Chief Executive designate by secret ballot on a one-person-one-vote basis. The specific election method shall be prescribed by the electoral law.

6. The first Chief Executive shall be selected in accordance with the Decision of the National People's Congress of the People's Republic of China on the Method for the Formation of the First Government and the First Legislative Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.

*7. If there is a need to amend the method for selecting the Chief Executives for the terms subsequent to the year 2007, such amendments must be made with the endorsement of a two-thirds majority of all the members of the Legislative Council and the consent of the Chief Executive, and they shall be reported to the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress for approval.

If Wan Chin wants to change the Basic Law so that the Legislative Council becomes the Nomination Committee, he will have to amend the Basic Law, for which he needs "the endorsement of a two-thirds majority of all the members of the Legislative Council and the consent of the Chief Executive, and the amendment shall be reported to the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress for approval."

How is that going to happen? More Occupy Central? More Valiant Resistance?

- Wan Chin also wants universal suffrage for the Legislative Council in 2020. That requires an amendment of the Basic Law according to Article 159.

The power of amendment of this Law shall be vested in the National People's Congress.

The power to propose bills for amendments to this Law shall be vested in the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, the State Council and the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. Amendment bills from the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall be submitted to the National People's Congress by the delegation of the Region to the National People's Congress after obtaining the consent of two-thirds of the deputies of the Region to the National People's Congress, two-thirds of all the members of the Legislative Council of the Region, and the Chief Executive of the Region.

Before a bill for amendment to this Law is put on the agenda of the National People's Congress, the Committee for the Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall study it and submit its views.

No amendment to this Law shall contravene the established basic policies of the People's Republic of China regarding Hong Kong.

So how is that amendment going to happen, such that "Most importantly, Hong Kong will be returned to the hands of the local people and will no longer just serve the interest of Communist China, America, or any other foreign countries. When Hong Kong returns to the right path, it will also become a model of Orthodox Chinese culture, which in turn will contribute to the rise of an Orthodox Chinese Confederate." Why would Communist China be interested in amending the Basic Law in this manner?

(BBC) Joshua Wong: 'We had no clear goals' in Hong Kong protests. August 2, 2015.

Wherever Joshua Wong goes in Hong Kong, the teenage political activist is instantly recognised.

In the space of just half an hour in the Admiralty district, two young professionals and a group of middle-aged women greet him warmly, asking to pose for photos with him on their mobile phones.

But when I ask for permission to snap them jointly for a news story, some well-wishers decline, saying they do not wish to be publicly identified with the democracy campaigner, fearing it might affect their jobs.

Mr Wong, 18, just smiles and poses. He is not surprised.

The expression of private but not public support may help explain why last year's Umbrella protest movement, while unprecedented in scope and length, did not ultimately succeed in gaining greater voting rights for Hong Kong citizens.

"First, we did not have any clear goal or roadmap or route for democracy. We did not deliver the message to the general Hong Kong public," says the university student, over lunch.

"Secondly, not enough people were willing to pay the price by protesting. We did not have enough bargaining power with the Chinese authorities.

"Say, for example, during the Umbrella Movement, if two million Hong Kong people had occupied the streets, along with labour strikes, and if this had continued for more than two months, we would have had enough bargaining power."

Tens of thousands of people took part in the 79-day movement, which ended in mid-December when the authorities dismantled the main occupation sites in the Admiralty, Causeway Bay and Mong Kok districts.

Mr Wong, already well-known in Hong Kong for successfully campaigning against the introduction of patriotic education in local schools, emerged as a global democracy icon.

In fact, the movement was unexpectedly sparked when he and other young activists scaled a high fence surrounding the forecourt of the central government office on 26 September.

Footage of the police arresting protesters, including Mr Wong, drew public anger and prompted pro-democracy supporters to rally.

When the authorities cracked down on the growing crowd with tear gas, the public grew even more infuriated and took to the streets in one of the biggest mass protests Hong Kong had ever seen.

"My decision to climb over the barrier was the best decision I made in the whole of my life," he says, before sheepishly conceding that getting together with his girlfriend, Tiffany Chin, was actually his best call.

He says he has not been changed by the experience. His priority now is to finish his studies - he is studying politics and public administration at a local university - and plans on getting a job after graduation, though he isn't sure what kind yet.

But in May, he was deported from Malaysia, after being invited there by local activists to talk about the Tiananmen Square crackdown in 1989.

In June, he and Ms Chin were beaten by an unknown man on the street after a movie date.

"Yes, I admit that I'm afraid," she wrote in a piece for a current affairs website after the attack. "Starting today, I feel a bit frightened every time my eyes meet someone else's on the street. This fear is unbearable, but I hope it won't last long."

And in July, Mr Wong, along with other activists, were charged with obstructing police during a protest last year.

He denies having done anything wrong, but admits he faces jail time.

"In principle, I don't mind taking responsibility. I don't mind going to prison," he says. "But I don't know what I would do with no mobile phone and no internet. I think it would be utterly unbearable."

During the hours we spend together, he is constantly glued to his smartphone, tapping out messages on a chat group with more than 100 members of Scholarism, the protest group that he chairs.

They are hotly debating the future of democracy in Hong Kong in an opinion piece to be published by a local newspaper.

In June, lawmakers in the Hong Kong Legislative Council voted against a controversial proposal that would have let Hong Kong voters elect their chief executive - but only from a pool of candidates vetted by a pro-Beijing committee.

The proposal was rejected, which means that, in 2017, the city's top leader will again be chosen by a small committee largely loyal to the Communist Party.

But Mr Wong is looking far ahead. He wants to rectify the mistake of not presenting a viable plan to the public.

He says that by 2030, the democracy movement needs to present a clear roadmap spelling out how it can achieve a legally binding referendum on the city's future.

"Let every Hong Kong citizen vote to support a new Basic Law or constitution in Hong Kong. That, I think, is the minimum requirement," he says.

By 2047, the "one country, two systems" formula is due to end, and the de facto border between the two sides is meant to disappear.

When asked whether he is planning another civil disobedience movement, Mr Wong says not for a few years.

"The power that we can mobilise on the street has already reached its maximum during the Umbrella Movement," he says.

"Maybe in 10 years, we'll be able to mobilise something much larger. But within these three to four years, we need to take a rest."

(Hong Kong Free Press) Student leader Joshua Wong presents vision for Hong Kongs pro-democracy movement. August 4, 2015.

The leader of student activist group Scholarism has laid out his vision for Hong Kongs democracy movement in the run-up to 2047, when the citys one country, two systems agreement is set to expire.

In a 4,000-word op-ed published in Ming Pao on Sunday, Wong puts the ultimate goal for Hong Kong as achieving continued autonomy. In order to accomplish the aim, he wrote that Hongkongers must first have the right to determine the citys future.

In the article, Wong asserted that unless Hongkongers can accept that Hong Kongs judicial independence and freedom of speech could cease by 2047, continued autonomy is a direction that the democracy camp cannot avoid.

No one can promise that one country, two systems would not become one country, one system and the SAR would not become a municipality, Wong wrote.

It would be crucial for Hongkongers to establish a system to hold referendums, he said, followed by a discussion about amending various aspects of the Basic Law and establishing a contract within civil society. The aim would be to engage the public in social and political issues. He said that Hongkongers need to fight for the right to hold a referendum to determine Hong Kongs sovereignty and create a new constitution after 2047.

He also added that in 2047, he would hope for a middle-aged Wong to be able to tell students that Hongkongers of my age have finally and successfully achieved the ideals of democracy and autonomy.

Wong wrote that following political reforms, the various strands of the pro-democracy movement have not had a clear or identifiable goal. He commented that localism has yet to gain mainstream approval, however presented ideas such as self-governing city-state and independence. Pan-democrats have also failed to present a new idea to replace returning to China democratically, which was the aim of the democrats since the Handover, and neither is it convincing to continue fighting for universal suffrage in 2022. Likewise, he said that the goal of students advocating for amending the Basic Law is too far-fetched for the public to digest and participate in one go.

Wong was also critical of the more mainstream ideas of focusing on the increasing representation through the elections and defending various aspects of society such as professionals and education sector from mainland Chinas control. He described such thought as the same as the mentality of contesting every inch of ground over the past 30 years, meaning that one aims to increase the chances of the central government accepting Hongkongers demands by increasing the pro-democracy camps representation in various aspects of society.

He added that one cannot explain their concrete demands simply by focusing on the number of seats the camp have in the political system or the illusive slogans of anti-mainlandisation or defending core values. Only by presenting a vision for the pro-democracy movement for the next five to 15 years can one remove the civil societys sense of helplessness.

Wong wrote that the biggest lesson for the pro-democracy camp over the political reform of this term is that developing trust with the central government is wishful thinking. He added that people have further realised that the celestial empire of China has changed its governing policy for Hong Kong, citing the white paper announced by the executive of the central government last year, in which China stressed its total control over Hong Kong and encouraging cooperation between the three branches of government.

Wong concludes that, by 2030, Hong Kong would likely have to face the question for its future for the second time. He wrote that the pro-democracy movement must infer its next 15 years of actions based on achieving the goal of self-determination via a referendum.

(Hong Kong Free Press) Student leader Joshua Wong presents vision for Hong Kongs pro-democracy movement. August 4, 2015.

The leader of student activist group Scholarism has laid out his vision for Hong Kongs democracy movement in the run-up to 2047, when the citys one country, two systems agreement is set to expire.

In a 4,000-word op-ed published in Ming Pao on Sunday, Wong puts the ultimate goal for Hong Kong as achieving continued autonomy. In order to accomplish the aim, he wrote that Hongkongers must first have the right to determine the citys future.

In the article, Wong asserted that unless Hongkongers can accept that Hong Kongs judicial independence and freedom of speech could cease by 2047, continued autonomy is a direction that the democracy camp cannot avoid.

No one can promise that one country, two systems would not become one country, one system and the SAR would not become a municipality, Wong wrote.

It would be crucial for Hongkongers to establish a system to hold referendums, he said, followed by a discussion about amending various aspects of the Basic Law and establishing a contract within civil society. The aim would be to engage the public in social and political issues. He said that Hongkongers need to fight for the right to hold a referendum to determine Hong Kongs sovereignty and create a new constitution after 2047.

He also added that in 2047, he would hope for a middle-aged Wong to be able to tell students that Hongkongers of my age have finally and successfully achieved the ideals of democracy and autonomy.

Wong wrote that following political reforms, the various strands of the pro-democracy movement have not had a clear or identifiable goal. He commented that localism has yet to gain mainstream approval, however presented ideas such as self-governing city-state and independence. Pan-democrats have also failed to present a new idea to replace returning to China democratically, which was the aim of the democrats since the Handover, and neither is it convincing to continue fighting for universal suffrage in 2022. Likewise, he said that the goal of students advocating for amending the Basic Law is too far-fetched for the public to digest and participate in one go.

Wong was also critical of the more mainstream ideas of focusing on the increasing representation through the elections and defending various aspects of society such as professionals and education sector from mainland Chinas control. He described such thought as the same as the mentality of contesting every inch of ground over the past 30 years, meaning that one aims to increase the chances of the central government accepting Hongkongers demands by increasing the pro-democracy camps representation in various aspects of society.

He added that one cannot explain their concrete demands simply by focusing on the number of seats the camp have in the political system or the illusive slogans of anti-mainlandisation or defending core values. Only by presenting a vision for the pro-democracy movement for the next five to 15 years can one remove the civil societys sense of helplessness.

Wong wrote that the biggest lesson for the pro-democracy camp over the political reform of this term is that developing trust with the central government is wishful thinking. He added that people have further realised that the celestial empire of China has changed its governing policy for Hong Kong, citing the white paper announced by the executive of the central government last year, in which China stressed its total control over Hong Kong and encouraging cooperation between the three branches of government.

Wong concludes that, by 2030, Hong Kong would likely have to face the question for its future for the second time. He wrote that the pro-democracy movement must infer its next 15 years of actions based on achieving the goal of self-determination via a referendum.

Joshua Wong's timetable for Hong Kong independence:

(1) Democratic rule in Hong Kong, with China taking care only of national defense and foreign diplomacy and not interfering with Hong Kong's internal affairs

(2) Establishment of a referendum system.

(3) Constitutional amendment of the Basic Law to reflect democratic ideas

(4) In 2030, Hong Kong will hold a referendum on its sovereignty

(5) In 2047, Hong Kong will begin permanent autonomous rule instead of being a city under "one country, one system"

Internet comments:

- There is no legal basis in Hong Kong for a referendum system. A referendum necessarily involves a simple statement (such as "no new taxes"), but the devil will be in the details. For example, you can hold a referendum on whether the Basic Law should be amended to incorporate democratic ideas. Of course, you will get an overwhelming approval because there is nothing to dislike about mom and apple pie. But next you have to say what and how you specifically want to amend, and that can become very complicated.

For example, look at the so-called Occupy Central referendum: All three options proposed that candidates be nominated

For example, look at the so-called Occupy Central referendum: All three options proposed that candidates be nominated publicly. Whoever framed the referendum has decided that you must have civil nomination PERIOD, even if it does not comply with the Basic Law and is therefore unconstitutional and unworkable. With respect to such referenda, you should ask: Who is framing these choices? Whose interests do they represent? Whose interests are they hurting?

Occupy Central deliberations:

Three deliberation days were held on 9 June 2013, 9 March 2014, and 6 May 2014 respectively.

On the third deliberation day, the Occupy Central participants voted on electoral reform proposals put forward by different organisations for the civil referendum. A total of 2,508 votes were cast in the poll. All three selected proposals contained the concept of civil nomination, which the mainlandChina officials had said did not comply with the Basic Law. The proposal by student groups Scholarism and Hong Kong Federation of Students which allowed for public nomination, received 1,124 votes 45 percent of the vote. People Power's proposal came in second with 685 votes, while the three-track proposal by the Alliance for True Democracy consisting of 27 pan-democracy lawmakers got 445 votes. The proposal from Hong Kong 2020 received 43 votes, while the civil recommendation proposed by 18 academics got 74 votes.

The three proposals chosen by the members of Occupy Central deliberation panel were considered to be more radical. The League of Social Democrats and People Power lawmakers, despite being part of the Alliance for True Democracy, urged their supporters to vote against the alliance's proposals. More moderate pan-democrats that avoided the notion of civic nomination were effectively squeezed out. Civic Party lawmaker Ronny Tong Ka-wah, who saw his moderate plan rejected in a poll believed "the Occupy Central movement has been hijacked by radicals". He believed that the poll results would make it harder to find a reform package Beijing would agree to and that wins over the five or so pan-democrats it will need for a two-thirds majority in LegCo. He also believed Occupy's plan to block streets in Central would be likely to go ahead. This, and the decision of People Power and the League of Social Democrats to go back on pledges to support the alliance's proposals, and of People Power to make its own proposal that included civil nomination, pointed to a split in pan democrat ranks.

[Question: Who are those 2,508 voters on the third deliberation day? How are they more representative of the people of Hong Kong than the 1,200-person election committee for the Chief Executive?  No, they were simply top-loaded by People Power and League of Social Democrats supporters. Why should you buy into this and choose among the three (and only three) options?]

So this is going to all about who gets to hijack the Committee to Frame the Referendum.

- (Wikipedia) Criticism of populist aspect of Referenda

Critics of the referendum argue that voters in a referendum are more likely driven by transient whims than careful deliberation, or that they are not sufficiently informed to make decisions on complicated or technical issues. Also, voters might be swayed by strong personalities, propaganda and expensive advertising campaigns. James Madison argued that direct democracy is the "tyranny of the majority."

Some opposition to the referendum has arisen from its use by dictators such as Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini who, it is argued, used the plebiscite to disguise oppressive policies as populism. Hitler's use of plebiscites is argued as reason why, since World War II, there has been no provision in Germany for the holding of referendums at the federal level.

- To quote the last British governor of Hong Kong Chris Patten:

British politician Chris Patten summarized many of the arguments used by those who oppose the referendum in an interview in 2003 when discussing the possibility of a referendum in the United Kingdom on the European Union Constitution:

I think referendums are awful. The late and great Julian Critchley used to say that, not very surprisingly, they were the favourite form of plebiscitary democracy of Mussolini and Hitler. They undermine Westminster. What they ensure, as we saw in the last election, is --- if you have a referendum on an issue --- then politicians during an election campaign will say: "Oh, we're not going to talk about that, we don't need to talk about that, that's all for the referendum." So during the last election campaign, the euro was hardly debated. I think referendums are fundamentally anti-democratic in our system and I wouldn't have anything to do with them. On the whole, governments only concede them when governments are weak.

- Basic Law Article 159

The power of amendment of this Law shall be vested in the National People's Congress.

The power to propose bills for amendments to this Law shall be vested in the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, the State Council and the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. Amendment bills from the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall be submitted to the National People's Congress by the delegation of the Region to the National People's Congress after obtaining the consent of two-thirds of the deputies of the Region to the National People's Congress, two-thirds of all the members of the Legislative Council of the Region, and the Chief Executive of the Region.

Before a bill for amendment to this Law is put on the agenda of the National People's Congress, the Committee for the Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall study it and submit its views.

No amendment to this Law shall contravene the established basic policies of the People's Republic of China regarding Hong Kong.

So what is Comrade Joshua Wong's plan to get the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, the State Council and the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region?  Right now, he can't seem to get "the consent of two-thirds of the deputies of the Region to the National People's Congress, two-thirds of all the members of the Legislative Council of the Region, and the Chief Executive of the Region."

By vetoing the constitutional reform in June this year, the pan-democrats have made sure that there will be no universal suffrage for either the Chief Executive or the Legislative Council at least until 2022. Therefore, it will be impossible to get the consent of the Chief Executive or two-thirds of all the members of the Legislative Council.

If you can't get them to approve, then you can't amend Basic Law Article 159 so that amendments get to be introduced via referenda. You are caught in an infinite loop.

P.S. Wong said: "Say, for example, during the Umbrella Movement, if two million Hong Kong people had occupied the streets, along with labour strikes, and if this had continued for more than two months, we would have had enough bargaining power." Good luck with that!

- "Two million people occupying the streets along with labor strikes for more than two months?" TIME/Fortune "global thinker/leader" Joshua Wong has plenty of support. According to a recent poll (see #296), his organization Scholarism is supported by 0.1% of the people of Hong Kong.

- Frankly, Joshua Wong's roadmap is a list of keywords: democracy, governance, national defense, national security, foreign policy, referendum, autonomy, self-rule, constitutional amendment, charter, sovereignty, separation of powers, authoritarianism, etc. There is no coherent vision of how these things work come together under the circumstances.

Age group 2014 #voters 2014% Change 2015 #voters 2015%
71+ 462,853 13.2% 23,223 486,076 13.2%
66-70  206,032 5.9% 37,156 243,188 6.6%
61-65  312,604 8.9% 24,591 337,195 9.1%
56-60  392,364 11.2% 29,981 422,345 11.4%
51-55  427,616 12.2% 4,601 432,217 11.7%
46-50  337,354 9.6% -4,037 333,317 9.0%
41-45  280,690 8.0% 17,345 298,035 8.1%
36-40  260,032 7.4% 7,410 267,442 7.2%
31-35  248,118 7.1% 4,667 252,785 6.9%
26-30  216,508 6.2% 20,993 237,501 6.4%
21-25  257,295 7.3% 10,253 267,548 7.3%
18-20  106,320 3.0% 5,391 111,711 3.0%
Total 3,507,786 100.0% 181,574 3,689,360 100.0%

Internet comments:

- The common belief is that the supporters of the pan-democrats are younger, wealthier and better educated. The pan-democrats hope for a massive surge of young voters for the upcoming District Council elections in 2015 and the Legislative Council elections in 2016. What happened was that there are now even more older voters. For example, voters aged over 50 was 51.4% in 2014 and 52.1% in 2015.

- In the district council elections, it is winner-take-all in each district. So it will be a rout of the pan-democrats on the basis of the age distribution of voters. In the legislative council elections, it is proportional representation. For example, the six highest vote-getters will be elected in Kowloon West. Therefore, it is probable that the sixth and last legislator will get in with only 11% or 12% of the votes.

- Everybody knows that the key to district council elections is not demographics. This is what it is all about: Snake banquets, vegetarian meals, mooncakes, rice dumplings and other small favors to curry favors with senior citizen voters. Everybody does it. They have to. Please don't tell me about Alexis de Tocqueville.

Democratic Party legislator Sin Chung-kai's pamphlet for snake banquet


Democratic Party legislator Emily Lau's pamphlet for snake banquet (@ 135 per person, transportation provided)


Confederation of Trade Unions pamphlet for May 1st Unity Dinner (@ $45 per person)


Neo Democrats' Gary Fan Kwok-wai's pamphlet for 2-day Zhongshan-Shunde gourmet trip ($700 per adult)

Q1. What is your impression of Hong Kong political parties compared to one year ago?
60.9%: Worse
31.2%: The same
4.7%: Better
3.2%: Don't know/hard to say

Q2. Are you optimistic/pessimistic towards the prospects of political parties in Hong Kong?
53.5%: Pessimistic
31.1%: Half-half
10.0%: Optimistic
5.4%: Don't know/hard to say

Q3. What is your overall satisfaction rate about Hong Kong political parties?
43.9%: Dissatisfied
43.9%: So-so
7.5%: Satisfied
4.8%: Don't know/hard to say

Q4. What are your impressions and views of the Hong Kong political parties?

They often bicker with each other and basically cannot accomplish anything
16.9%: Disagree
23.3%: Half-half
57.4%: Agree
2.5%: Don't know/hard to say

In Hong Kong, people join political parties to obtain more benefits for themselves instead of looking after the welfare of citizens
12.8%: Disagree
39.4%: Half-half
43.5%: Agree
4.3%: Don't know/hard to say

Hong Kong political parties are basically representing the views of different citizens
33.7%: Disagree
38.8%: Half-half
23.6%: Agree
3.9%: Don't know/hard to say

Hong Kong political parties can take in and train political talents
29.1%: Disagree
29.6%: Half-half
36.4%: Agree
4.9%: Don't know/hard to say

Hong Kong political parties can monitor the government effectively
30.0%: Disagree
36.5%: Half-half
28.6%: Agree
4.9%: Don't know/hard to say

Hongkongers are not much interested in political parties, and they don't care what the political parties have said or done before
39.0%: Disagree
30.8%: Half-half
26.0%: Agree
4.2%: Don't know/hard to say

If the Hong Kong government does not have the support of political parties, many policies cannot be effectively carried out.
17.0%: Disagree
18.7%: Half-half
61.0%: Agree
3.3%: Don't know/hard to say

Hong Kong political parties cannot do much because universal suffrage of the Chief Executive and the Legislative Council has not been implemented
17.5%: Disagree
25.5%: Half-half
50.0%: Agree
7.0%: Don't know/hard to say

Do you think that the Hong Kong SAR Government should be run by a political party through election?
27.4%: Disagree
32.2%: Half-half
32.0%: Agree
8.4%: Don't know/hard to say

Q5. Which is the Hong  Kong political party or organization that you support the most?
11.3%: DAB
7.5%: Democratic Party
5.7%: Civic Party
1.7%: New People's Party
1.6%: People Power
1.4%: Liberal Party
1.0%: Labour Party
0.9%: League of Social Democrats
0.9%: Federation of Trade Unions
0.1%: Scholarism
0.1%: ADPL
8.3%: Others
55.4%: None
4.1%: Don't know/hard to say

(EJinsight) July 30, 2015.

You cant have two controversial votes on an equally controversial university appointment and not raise questions from students and alumni. Yet, the University of Hong Kong (HKU) council would have them believe nothing is the matter. That is precisely the problem. Such denials are only fueling concern that HKU has caved to political pressure and compromised its autonomy. 

Theres no doubt the prospective appointment of an outspoken former law dean, who has been recommended by an independent search committee to be a pro vice chancellor, is a hot potato. But if that person wasnt Johannes Chan, would the council have taken this long to decide?

After two lopsided votes to delay naming a pro vice chancellor until after a deputy chancellor has been announced, its clear the councils problem is Chan. Forget about its purported concern over procedural issues relating to a more senior appointment. Its no longer about HKU but about a meddlesome government.

Chans biggest sin is being linked to associate law professor Benny Tai, a co-founder of Occupy Central, the civil disobedience group that played a key role in last years democracy protests. But Chans critics are not stopping there. They are harking back to his days as HKU law dean to accuse him of coddling Tai.

These accusations fall into perspective after a concerted attempt by two pro-Beijing newspapers to discredit Chan. In January, Ta Kung Pao and Wen Wei Po ran a series of withering articles questioning Chans competence and integrity. The gist of the criticism centered on Chans alleged failure to maintain the quality of research of the law faculty. And his integrity became a lightning rod when he was somehow linked to a political donation to Tai. An internal investigation found Tai did not follow normal procedure.

The story has taken a life of its own since a former newspaper editor revealed an attempt by senior government officials to derail Chans appointment.  Later, a damning Apple Daily article directly linked Leung Chun-ying to it. On Wednesday, the saga took a violent twist when students stormed a council meeting which had decided on a second delay.

None of this would have happened if the council had properly managed what should have been a routine exercise. Such appointments were never a problem when they were left to the university, its alumni and other stakeholders.

The fact that the Hong Kong chief executive is the nominal head of its tertiary institutions as university chancellor never got in the way of the appointment of senior school administrators.

That is until the government politicized the process. Judging by recent events, the HKU council has become a party to this politicization. Until the council injects a modicum of transparency into its affairs and creates a semblance of academic freedom, it will be hard put to defend its claim that nothing is going on. HKU alumni and students and the Hong Kong public at large deserve to know the score. 

(EJinsight) HKU Council members fail to live by university motto. By Ip Kin-yuen. July 31, 2015.

July 28th was the darkest day in the history of the University of Hong Kong (HKU). What happened on that day makes the hearts of all HKU alumni and those who are concerned about its development ache. Perhaps some people may wonder why the HKU alumni had to challenge the decision made by the HKU Council, which has been functioning so well for decades.

True, the HKU alumni rarely questioned the judgment or decision made by the Council in the past, because under the University of Hong Kong Ordinance, the Council is the supreme governing and decision-making body of HKU, and as long as it makes its decision according to established procedures and due process, nobody would ever need to challenge its authority.

Unfortunately, as far as the recent controversy surrounding the appointment of the pro-vice chancellor is concerned, the Council didnt follow standard procedures and observe the long-standing tradition of the university.

To make matters worse, the Council has continued to delay the appointment and refuse to take a stand on the recommendation made by the recruitment committee, on the ridiculous and mind-boggling grounds that they have to wait for the advice of a deputy vice-chancellor who is not even hired yet.

If one connects the dots between some recent events such as the relentless attacks launched by pro-Beijing newspapers against Professor Johannes Chan, who has been widely tipped for the pro-vice chancellor slot, and the rumors that the Chief Executive has been attempting to interfere in the appointment of key personnel in the HKU, it is not difficult to notice that political interference has once again reared its ugly head in the recent appointment scandal.

Having said that, the HKU alumni are fully justified in demanding that the appointment proceed promptly in accordance with standard procedures, and that the Council stand up against any external political pressure when it comes to the appointment of key personnel of the HKU.

Some may also doubt whether the HKU alumni are in a legitimate position to question the decision of the Council, and whether it constitutes another form of interference.

According to the rules, members of the HKU include not only its staff and students at present, but also its graduates. Therefore, even though graduates have no governing power, they have every legitimate right to express their views about HKU affairs.

Besides, since the HKU is a publicly funded institution, stakeholders and members of the public are entitled to give their views on the governance of the university and demand from the Council to set things right.

Unfortunately, the decision made by the Council on Tuesday was both heart-breaking and outrageous.

According to newspaper reports, 12 members of the Council voted against proceeding with the appointment which had been long overdue, regardless of the dissenting voices raised by 1,536 HKU alumni, 909 supporters and the 21 organizations which had co-signed an open letter urging the university to respect procedural justice.

Those members of the Council who cast their votes to stall the appointment again in fact have not only failed to live up to the expectations of the alumni, but also committed a serious breach of public trust, causing irreversible damage to the hard-earned reputation of the HKU as the most respectable tertiary education institution in the territory.

What is even more alarming is that what happened to the HKU may not be an isolated case, and it seems a powerful political force behind the scene is continuing to get its claws into other universities, and the autonomy and academic freedom on our university campus promised under the Basic Law have come under unprecedented threat.

In accordance with the University of Hong Kong Ordinance, all graduates of the HKU are members of the HKU Convocation, and we have already called upon the incumbent convocation to summon an urgent meeting to vote on three resolutions:

1. The HKU Council must confirm the appointment of the pro-vice chancellor based on the recommendation of the recruitment committee, or else it must provide a written explanation;

2. The HKU must review the role of the Chief Executive as the HKU chancellor, and his role should be of a ceremonial nature only;

3. Passing a vote of no confidence against Council member Professor Arthur Li Kwok-cheung.

To manifest the greatest virtues of man and to push back the frontiers of knowledge. Thats the HKU motto which originates from the ancient Chinese classic The Four Books.

It teaches all HKU graduates to stand by their principles and convictions and persevere with what is morally right even when the odds are against them.

(EJinsight) July 31, 2015.

Microbiologist Yuen Kwok-yung on Friday announced his resignation as staff representative of the Hong Kong University Council. Yuen said he had received no relevant political training and thus he regarded himself as incompetent as a council member in finding the way to lead the University of Hong Kong out. He said he would devote himself to the research of fungal bacteria instead.

He stressed that he was not resigning because of the raging controversy over the delay in the appointment of Johannes Chan as the universitys pro-vice chancellor amid allegations that the government was meddling in the case to shut out the former law dean because of his political views.

On Tuesday night, a meeting of the HKU Council was disrupted after students and alumni members broke into the room to protest the delay in the appointment. Yuen said he was not dispirited, nor was he leaving his post to please anyone or give in to any influential people.

In the past 100 years, Hong Kong had been very successful in merging seemingly contradictory values and cultures of the East and West, he said. However, he said, Hong Kong and HKU seemed to have failed to continue doing so in the past three years and under the one country, two systems principle.

Yuen said he was not suggesting that the one country, two systems was to blame, but that after so many years under the one country, two systems, somehow we [Hong Kong] suddenly failed to find a way out.

As a former council member, Yuen said he respects all decisions made together. Regarding the incident on Tuesday night, he said he would not want to see anybody swearing, throwing things or resorting violence. He added that it was too early to conclude that the misconduct was done by HKU students.

Andrew Fung Ho-keung, an HKU convocation member, said council members hold different views regarding the decision to delay the appointment of the pro-vice chancellor, and he worries that the university will be torn apart because of the issue. Fung said he is also concerned that the HKU would be regarded as a hot kitchen where no one is willing to join the senior management team.

He said he regretted that non-HKU people were protesting outside the council meeting.

(EJinsight) July 31, 2015.

A group of senior academics is warning the University of Hong Kong to abide by the principles of academic freedom and autonomy in an unprecedented challenge to its governing council over delays in the appointment of a key official. The group, consisting of 10 deans of the university faculty, said such principles are protected by Article 137 of the Basic Law, Hong Kongs mini constitution. These apply to all aspects of the decision-making process, especially senior appointments, they said in a joint statement cited by Ming Pao Daily.

The statement came after a dozen students disrupted a meeting on Tuesday when the university council voted to reaffirm an earlier decision to delay naming a pro vice chancellor until after a deputy vice chancellor has been appointed. The deans urged all parties to put the universitys interests first and redouble efforts toward consensus.

Council chairman Leong Che-hung welcomed the statement, saying senior academics and administrators of the university share the same goal of maintaining academic freedom and autonomy.

An unnamed senior professor said the deans are a powerful group that can influence decisions by the council. In recent years, they have successfully lobbied against funding cuts, he said. However, he said their statement is not a show of support for vice chancellor Peter Mathieson who is opposed to any more delays in the appointment of a vice pro chancellor.

(SCMP) August 2, 2015.

The University of Hong Kong should say no to politics as the political conflicts surrounding the appointment of a key manager have become irrational and damaged the way its governing body works, a council member said on Sunday morning.

The comments by Professor Lo Chung-mau came two days after the resignation of another council member, Dr Yuen Kwok-yung, who said a lot of outside political forces had tried to affect the bodys decisions.

At the centre of the row is the universitys former law dean, Professor Johannes Chan Man-mun, who had been told he would become a pro-vice-chancellor in charge of academic staffing and resources from March this year. But this was put on hold after pro-Beijing newspapers criticised him over his working relationship with HKU legal scholar and Occupy Central co-founder Benny Tai Yiu-ting. On June 30, the council voted 12-6 to delay Chans appointment until a provost was hired. When the council met again on July 28, students forced their way in to the meeting venue to call for a halt to the delay.

Professor Lo, who supported the deferral and whose collapse during the chaos on July 28 was ridiculed online as a footballers dive, said he hoped politics could leave the university. The two forces have been pressuring the university, damaging the functioning of the council, said the medical professor. HKU should say no to politics.

Speaking on a Commercial Radio programme in the morning, he also criticised the students and other members of society who opposed the deferral for using violence instead of expressing their views in a rational way. Political conflicts are very ugly, he said, citing people who cursed him after he fell with an injured knee and those who blocked an ambulance to take him to hospital. It is not rational at all. It makes people mad. Hong Kong society should send a strong signal [to opponents] that you have done wrong, he said.

Another council member, Man Cheuk-fei, said there had been political forces in the university for a long time, citing a visit to the campus in August 2011 by then vice-premier Li Keqiang, when police took control and limited protests by students, who accused officers of violating their civil rights. Man said the delay in appointing a new pro-vice-chancellor was the natural result of Chans involvement in an investigation over donations received by Tai. The investigation report said Chan fell below expected standards in handling the donations as Tais supervisor at the time. The council decided to accept the report at a June 30 meeting. The whole [investigation] process was only completed last month, said Man. I dont feel there is a strong force trying to delay the appointment.

Internet comments:

- (RTHK) Democratic Party legislator James To Kun-sun: "Anyway, if you use any part of your body to ram the other party, this is a form of assault on that other  party. The gender of the individual does not matter. The specific part of the body does not matter. The present case has a gender aspect. If a man thrusts his chest against a woman or a man, it is easy for everybody to accept. Given that you rammed that other party, you have committed assault. But this time it was a woman. But from the legal point of view, it makes no difference whether it was a man or a woman."

- (RTHK) Hong Kong University Student Union president Billy Fung: "It was the system that forced us to take action to resist. If you think that our method was a form of violence, then I would describe what we did as 'using force to stop tyranny.'"
Listener Mr. Wong: "Back then we were only interesting in running a student club. But in this case, it was clear that you were wrong first.  Firstly, when you are wrong, you should admit that you are wrong.  Secondly, when an organization wants to hire or promote a certain individual, it is not up to you as a small group of so-called employees or students to criticize or stop the school or its president. That is preposterous."
Listener Ms. Wong: "I am a secondary school teacher myself. First of all, I do no oppose the freedom of expression. But I see the university students use clashes to express their views. They have received so much education, but they don't know how to use reason to persuade people. They use verbal and physical violence instead. I am somewhat disappointed."
At 1:19, the video showed the students blocking the doorway to the conference room even as Billy Fung said that they did not blockade anything.
At 1:28, Yvonne Leung shouted that the university council members must sit down.

- Hong Kong University has become a very hot kitchen. (Oriental Daily) According to University Council chairman Leong Che-hung, a candidate for the opened Provost position has suddenly "withdrawn" from consideration. This is understandable, because the Provost is not hired to run the university. Instead, he is there to deal with external political forces which he cannot influence.

- (Oriental Daily) During the 79 days of Occupy Central, the students led most of the time. From the initial charge into Civic Plaza to the siege of the Government Headquarters, the students went ahead without coordinating with the pan-democrats. It was clear that the pan-democrats were hijacked aboard. In order to dilute the negative effects of Occupy Central and the veto of the constitutional reform package, the pan-democrats are trying to keep a low profile and turn to livelihood issues (such as lead-in-water). But now the students have suddenly sprung the pro vice chancellor appointment. Some pan-democrats tried to exploit the situation and now suddenly they find themselves in another Occupy situation.

On the evening of the violence, various pan-democrats either as alumni or political party members were present outside the Knowles Building. They were not involved in occupying the tenth floor conference room. Most of those involved in surrounding the council members downstairs were foul-mouthed louts and not pan-democratic politicians. Nevertheless by being present watching and refusing to intervene, the pan-democrats got caught in a situation where they will do wrong no matter what. Politicians Ip Kin-yuen, Alan Leong and Audrey Yu were spotted at the scene watching university council members being surrounded by students and not allowed to leave. The Democratic Party did better, because only Sin Chung-kai was present for a short while.

- (Oriental Daily) According to information, a senior Hong Kong University official whose contract is scheduled for a long time is looking for a job all over the world. He plans to leave as soon as he can procure another position elsewhere. There are two different interpretations of his decision. On one side, the students argue that he did so because the university council delayed the decision on the pro vice-chancellor. On the other side, the critics said that the violent actions of the students is scaring everyone inside and outside the university.

- (Oriental Daily)

Our newspaper reporter trailed university council member Ayesha Macpherson who was surrounded and cursed out by demonstrators for half an hour at the exit from the parking garage. During this period, senior barrister Civic Party member Audrey Eu watched from the side and declined to help.

Yesterday, Audrey Eu denied that she did nothing. She said that when she saw Ayesha Macpherson feeling uncomfortable, she arranged for her fellow Civic Party Kwok Ka-kay to seek help. But Kwok was rejected by the police present, because they had already arranged for an ambulance to come.

But based upon a review of the relevant news videos and the recollections of the eyewitnesses, Audrey Eu did what she said only after a long period of time. Prior to that, Eu stood with the other demonstrators to chant "Shameless" at Ayesha Macpherson. When she saw things going awry, she jumped to the side. She never exercised her political influence to call for the demonstrators to calm down.

Meanwhile Hong Kong University Student Development and Resources director Ko Wing-yin actually tried to assist Ayesha Macpherson. For his troubles, Ko was hit on his back, hands and legs by the demonstrators. His jacket was ripped and there was a two-inch long scratch mark on his arm. Ayesha Macpherson asked the security guards to call an ambulance and inform the police herself. Audrey Eu offered to help only after the police arrived, not before.

(Bastille Post) When Ayesha Macpherson got to the parking garage, she was surrounded by demonstrators and cursed out for 30 minutes. She said that she attempted to communicate with the demonstrators, but they refused to let her speak. They just continued to curse her out. One demonstrator told her: "If you want to leave, you'll have to get down on your knees and apologize." The demonstrators also called her "Shameless!" Therefore she chose to remain silent. Because it was hot there, she told the security guards that she felt ill. The security guards decided to summon the police as well as an ambulance. She condemned the university administration for not getting police assistance sooner and expressing "regret" that the police should be present on campus. Meanwhile Professor Yuen Kwok-yung also confirmed that the demonstrators wouldn't let the university council members leave by ambulance. He said that the ambulance could not have left without police assistance. Given what has happened, what person in their right minds would serve on the university council?

- (Oriental Daily) A number of Hong Kong University university council members and staff members condemned HKU president Peter Mathieson for saying that it was "regrettable" that the police should come on campus. They accused the university administration of not helping the besieged university council members in a timely manner. Yesterday, Peter Mathieson explained that he did not say that the police presence was "regrettable." Instead, he meant that the entire incident was "regrettable." But some university council members said that the university administration is indeed wary of summoning the police as a result of what happened four years ago during the visit of Premier Li Keqiang. Meanwhile a HKU board director said that Peter Mathieson's original statement was "regrettable."

- (Speakout HK) After Lo Chung-mo fell down on the floor grabbing his knee, at least two companies used Facebook to run advertisements that exploited his case. But both advertisements disappeared in less than a day. Immediately Internet users cried "Self censorship!" But that may be a reasonable inference, but it is actually not reasonable. There is consensus that any advertisement should not exploit tragedy or disaster. That is, you never gloat on the misfortune of others. Whether you like Lo Chung-mo or not, it is on the record that a doctor has confirmed the signs of an injury (bruise/swelling) and that he had previously received surgery on that knee. In other words, Lo Chung-mo is a patient. Any advertisement that attempts to exploit his illness is unacceptable. The companies had no choice but to pull those advertisements.

- (Apple Daily) Lo Chung-mo said that he was really disappointed with the fact that when he asked a doctor at the scene to help him leave, he got the response from the doctor: "It's none of my buinsess. I didn't bring these people here ..." To Lo's mind, a doctor is supposed to help a patient irregardless of the politics. That was why Lo expressed his dislike for the kind of politics that will make a doctor go blind.

When Apple Daily checked the videos, they spotted the HKU Last Line of Defence's Dr. Paul Au Yiu-kai calling out for the crowd to disperse in order to allow Lo get on the ambulance. "Let him out! Let him out!" But everybody ignored Au and kept cursing Lo out.

Later Au explained to Lo: "We can't control this." Lo responded: "You caused this." Au countered: "We didn't do this. The University Council did this." Dr. Yuen Kwok-yung asked Au to help to clear the path. Au responded: "I am a doctor. I did not come to help." Then Au called out on the megaphone: "According to my understanding, Professor Lo has sustained an injury. Please make way for him to come over."

Au said that he asked many times for people to clear the way to no effect. He left only after he saw the security guards and police arrive at the scene.

\

Internet comment:

- That figures. Paul Au Yiu-kai is the husband of Audrey Eu. Of course, they would both fold their arms and watch the show.

- There are two possibilities. First, Paul Au Yiu-kai is telling the truth. Then the fact that the students ignored the pleas from a doctor shows that they are cold-blooded stone-hearted animals. Secondly, Paul Au Yiu-kai is lying. Then he is shameless and unfit to be a medical doctor. Take your pick. If you can't decide between the two, then both are true.

- (TVB) At 2:00, Yuen Kwok-yung said: "You are a doctor. You open the path ahead." The doctor replied: "I am a doctor. I did not come here to help."

- If you look at the various videos, the loudest and most forceful people are much older than the typical university student. When the reporters tried to interview them, they quickly dash off. They don't see to have any demands to articulate.

- The famous saying of Paul Au Yiu-kai that is going around the Internet like wildfire; "I did not bring the people who beat you up." Therefore I am not responsible for anything.

- (dbc)

0:14 Alan Leong, Civic Party legislator: You say, Alan Leong, why don't you criticize the students? Meanwhile, have I praised the students?
0:20 Leong: Students ... all adults ... are responsible for their own actions. That's very correct. So what are you nervous about?

0:39 Alan Leong: CY Leung first appointed Lo Chung-mo, Arthur Li. Then ...
0:44 Radio host: Lo Chung-mo was elected by the university staff.
0:47 Alan Leong (note: watch that facial expression!!!): Lo Chung Mo was ... yes, yes, yes ... Oh, you are really right. But, I want to say that ... what's his name ... I want to say that CY Leung appointed ...

- (Bastille Post)

Civic Party members Alan Leong and Audrey Eu, and Education sector legislator Ip Kin-yuen caught the blame for this incident. They were involved in mobilizing people to demonstrate at the university council meeting. However, the most radical demonstrators were the Localists, who were most enthusiastic in their use of foul language to curse out the council members. When the demonstrators surrounded the university council members on their way out, Alan Leong and Audrey Eu were near the scene. They played observers who did not intervene with the demonstrators surrounding the university council members.

This is a re-run of Occupy Central. The radical elements cause trouble and then immediately leave without assuming any responsibility. Instead Alan Leong and Ip Kin-yuen have to come out every day to answer questions. Given that they refused to utter a single word to condemn the actions, they now own the responsibility. This will be bad for the Civic Party in the Legco elections next year. On one hand, the voters who like radical action will vote the radical political parties and not the elitist Civic Party with their scholars and lawyers. On the other hand, their moderate supporters will be scared away by their radical actions.

- (TVB)

During the selection process of the pro vice chancellor, all information is supposed to be kept confidential according to university regulations. The recommended candidate has so far not been presented to the university council.

In February this year, former Ming ex-chief editor Kevin Lau wrote that the selection committee has unanimously recommended Johannes Chan. Late July this year, Kevin Lau wrote that "the pro-establishment university council members led by Arthur Li and Leong Che-hung came up with a plan to ask a heavy-weight middleman to persuade Johannes Chan to resign immediately after he received the appointment."

Arthur Li responded: "Now that Johannes Chan has clarified that I did no such thing, we have to question why Kevin Lau as a respected journalist and former editor-in-chief of Ming Pao can commit such a basic mistake? In Journalism 101, you are told that you need to verify your information. Why didn't he just call me up and ask whether I did this?" The commentary has affected me, because many people have only read Kevin Lau's article in Ming Pao and they think that I was manipulating the whole affair."

Kevin Lau said that he did not need to get Li's response: "Before I wrote the commentary, it is not essential that I get his response. Besides, I made it very clear that he did not call up Johannes Chan. I only said that pro-establishment university council members came up with this plan and used a middleman. And Johannes Chan has confirmed that a middleman contacted him to get him to withdraw."

Kevin Lau added that he instructed Ming Pao reporters to get the principals' responses: "As a commentator, I only need to be careful about my wording. As to which pro-establishment university council members came up with whatever plan, I don't necessarily need to spell out which university council member made phone calls. But the colleagues in the news room might call up everybody and ask: 'Did you do this?' Leong Che-hung did not respond, and Arthur Li had the chance to respond."

On the day when Ming Pao published Kevin Lau's essay, a news story quoted Kevin Lau's assertions but they did not publish any response from Arthur Li about whether he used a middleman.

Internet comment:

- Kevin Lau is being disingenuous here. Here is a simple explanation of The difference between reporting and commentary from The Rocky Mountain Collegian:

Journalists are held to a very high standard of ethics and are expected to meet that standard on a daily basis. It is a fair assumption to make; after all, we are trusted to report the truth of what is happening in the world we live in, and what we say carries an enormous impact.

The public has a right to expect the best from us. But the public also needs to be aware of a particularly distinct division between journalists when they seek to enforce a standard of excellence.

The primary division between us is that of reporters and commentators, which essentially splits us into the news section of the newspaper, and the opinion section. More often than not, the public treats both sections as if they are one and the same.

Ill be blunt: they are not the same thing. I do not report the news; I give my opinion on the news. The Collegians reporters report the news; they do not give their opinions on it. To insinuate otherwise does a disservice to both you the reader and the newspaper as a whole.

There are different standards for each desk. Reporters are expected to seek the truth and report it, usually as it happens or shortly after it happens. They must, therefore, find as many aspects of a story as they can. If there is a conflict (and usually there is) they must fairly represent both sides of that conflict where possible. Both sides have a unique angle to add to the story, and the public needs that to make up their own minds about the story.

For columnists, the news has already been reported and our job is to provide our perspective on it. If there is a conflict involved in the news, we tend to fall on one side or the other and we structure our opinions accordingly. Our job is to provide a bit of color to the story, share a unique perspective on the story, or explain why we think the story is a non-issue.

We take sides because that is what we are supposed to do. Thats our job. You dont look for an opinion columnist that doesnt express an opinion; thats like looking for a teacher that doesnt teach, or a taxi driver that doesnt drive a taxi.

I tend to see examples of people falsely equating news and opinion when they start complaining about bias in the media. My liberal friends complain that FOX News is biased because of people like Bill OReilly and Sean Hannity. My conservative friends complain that MSNBC is biased because of people like Rachel Maddow and Ed Shultz. Are these people biased? Definitely. Are they reporters? Not by any stretch of the imagination. Their job is to say, Im a liberal/conservative and heres what I think of the news, not, Here is objective news.

News and opinion writers both publish articles they believe to be the truth about an issue. But heres the difference: reporters would cover a debate about gay marriage, whereas columnists would take one side or another sometimes neither.

Does this mean that we are forgiven for poor fact checking, or simply making things up? No, absolutely not. Our opinions would have no weight otherwise, and nobody (not just the people who disagree with us) could take us seriously. Columnists adhere to the same standard of accuracy that reporters do (we do make mistakes from time to time, but were human just like everyone else) we just look at the world through a particular lens.

When Kevin Lau wrote that pro-establishment university council members led by Arthur Li and Leong Che-hung asked a middleman to contact Johannes Chan, he was not commenting on previously reported facts. He was breaking a brand new story that nobody else had reported before. He was reporting, not commenting, irrespective of the fact that his reporting appeared in the op/ed page.

- (Wen Wei Po)

According to Kevin Lau's reporting, the selection committee had unanimously recommended Johannes Chan to become pro vice chancellor.

Previously in 2013, the same situation had happened. At the time, Johannes Chan was a candidate for Executive Vice-President (Administration and Finance). At the time, Next Weekly said that Chan was recommended by the selection committee and his appointment was "awaiting for the university council to approve."

Two months after that report, Hong Kong University appointed Steven Cannon from the University of Aberdeen to that post. Johannes Chan admitted that he lost. He also said that the Hong Kong University has the authority to make appointments, that he respected the decision of the university and that he did not feel any disappointment.

Two years later now, Johannes Chan is running for another pro vice chancellor post. Once again, he says that he has been recommended by the selection committee.

Things are not the same after the two years, because his curriculum vitae now contains some blemishes. Last year, he was involved in the "secret donations" case for which the Audit Committee found that his actions
"did not meet the expectations" of the university. In addition, the recent Research Assessment Evaluation found the Hong Kong University Law School did worse than the more recently founded Chinese University of Hong Kong Law School while Chan served as the Dean.

- (TVB) August 4, 2015.

Arthur Li said: "When the Cultural Revolution began, the Red Guards were more moderate than they became later. They began by chasing the professors, they forced them to sit down or kneel down to admit their faults. The clash at Hong Kong University was a repetition of that history. It was unauthorized torture. When I tried to leave, I was punched. There was a lot of pushing and shoving. The demonstrators prevented us from leaving. During the confusion, somebody punched me from behind." Where was he punched? Li said: "In my left kidney. When I returned home that night, I checked my urine. Fortunately there were no traces of blood."

- Link: TVB Pearl Straight Talk: Political storm at Hong Kong University. Whos to blame? Guest Arthur Li, Member of the HKU Council

- (HKG Pao) August 4, 2015.

In 2010, Ko Wing-yin was selected as a Hong Kong Spirit Ambassador. Ko now serves as the director of the Centre of Development and Resources for Students at Hong Kong University. On the evening of the university council, Ko first escorted university council members Leonie Ki Man-fung and Rosanna Wong Yick-ming to leave. But when the time came to escort Ayesha Macpherson out, they were suddenly surrounded by 20 to 30 people in the parking garage. Ko said: "I and several colleagues joined hands to form a cordon to protect Mrs. Lau. But they kept kicking my legs. They were very violent!" One middle-aged woman even attempted to accuse Ko of sexual molestation.

Just as Ko tussled with this middle-aged woman, a bespectacled bald middle-aged man grabbed Ko by the neck. Ko said that these people must know kung-fu, because he was scratched on the arm where a two-inch wound was left. Even the two sleeves on his shirt were torn. A reporter asked the middle-aged man to identify himself. This person said that his family name was Ho, he was a retiree and he came to demonstrate at Hong Kong University because he read about the "injustice" on the  Internet.

- (HKG Pao) August 5, 2015.

According to East Week, the middle-aged woman who jumped on top of the podium next to HKU Student Union president Billy Fung to harangue the university council members is not a HKU alumnus. On that evening, she ranted like a rabid dog, saying that the university council members "wasted the taxpayers' money" and "clueless." When Dr. Lo Chung-mo fell down injured, she called him "acting" and "puk kai." She even started to curse the students, which was enough to make people wonder whether she was mentally ill.

Over the past year, this "Big Sister" has participated in many street actions. For example, on the day before Occupy Causeway Bay was cleared, she delivered a speech. On April 4, she spoke at the Shopping Revolution. This year at the July 1st march, she held a Hong Kong Restaurant Cooks Alliance banner. It turns out that the Hong Kong Restaurant Cooks Alliance is closely connected with the political party Neighbourhood and Worker's Service Centre led by legislator Leung Yiu-chung.

- (SCMP) Students' behaviour at HKU council meeting abhorrent. By Y.L. Lee. August 5, 2015.

The students' siege of the University of Hong Kong Council meeting on July 28 has attracted considerable public attention.

As an alumna, I found the students' violent disruption of the meeting and the delaying of the injured being sent to hospital for treatment abhorrent.

The council is the legitimate body to take the decision on the matter of the appointment of the pro-vice-chancellor. So long as it has duly followed the prescribed rules of procedures in the conduct of its business, it is not up to anyone to interfere with its work, be it students, staff, alumni or politicians.

This is a proper way to respect institutional autonomy since the council is the supreme governing body of the university. Students can stage protests or sit-ins to express their dissatisfaction with council decisions, but they should not take such uncivilised action as to storm a meeting.

What exactly did they want to achieve? Does it mean that any time people make decisions with which they do not agree, they should react by barging in to stop proceedings?

If individual council members seek to exert pressure on the council by promoting the views of outside individuals/groups to reverse the corporate decision to be made, how can governance work effectively?

The uncivilised actions of the students that night were deplorable. I understand that it is difficult for people to remain rational when they were in a highly charged situation, and that when a big crowd gathers, things can easily get out of control.

It was, however, very disturbing to me when the student leader, Billy Fung Jing-en, tried to rationalise the students' behaviour, which led to a delay for injured people to be given proper treatment, by saying that they had no other options but to storm the meeting.

I am deeply disappointed with this lack of ability to practise some critical self-reflection - a basic attribute which any responsible member of society should have.

The bedrock of a civilised society is respect for the law and due process. If we stop the proceedings every time people made a decision with which we do not agree, what kind of a world will we live in?

If as adults we breach the code of what is acceptable behaviour, we should admit our wrongdoing and rectify it, but not try to find excuses for that behaviour.

- (YouTube) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vcHWgf_3U6Q Videos of politicians involved in harassing the university council members.

0:01 Legislator Ip Kin-yuen said that they will be responsible for their actions and methods.
0:24 Female voice: "Lo Chung-mo!" Group chant: "Shameless!"
0:30 Civic Party member and ex-legislator Tanya Chan holding the microphone and leading the chant
0:40 League of Social Democrats vice-president Ng Man-yuen, Civic Party member and legislator Alan Leong.
0:47 Civic Party members Tanya Chan and Dennis Kwok
1:05 Alan Leong leading chant of "Lo Chung-mo" and group chanting "Shameless!" as Lo Chung-mo is being put into the ambulance.
1:14 Alan Leong on radio: "The students, all the adults, need to be bear responsibility for their own actions."
1:32 Civic Party member and legislator Audrey Eu standing, smiling and watching Ayesha Macpherson being prevented from leaving.

(YouTube) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9AEDUDBCM1c On dbc radio with Audrey Eu.

0:16 Radio host: ou were at the parking garage that day when Ayesha Macpherson wanted to leave. It was reported that you chanted slogans about being "Shameless!" Did you chant them?
0:27 Eu: I did. I chanted them. Yes.
0:35 Radio host: When you yelled "Shameless!", you target must be Macpherson, right?
0:36 Eu: I believe that the targets are all those who voted to maintain the same position, not Macpherson alone.
0:44 Radio host: But only Macpherson was there. Did you know how Macpherson voted? You don't know.
0:46 Eu: I guessed it. Of course, it was a secret ballot.
0:47 Radio host: You just guessed. So why was she shameless?
...
1:00 Eu: Secondly, I saw two doctors at the scene. One of them was Dennis Kwok. He was at the same floor as I was. At the time, I told him to go and offer assistance. Those who held microphones. There were not many of them. Those who held microphones all wanted to help.
1:23 (video of persons holding microphones) Tanya Chan leading the chant of "Shameless!" with her microphone
1:45 Eu: Right now, many people like to come out and discuss the so-called violence, or maybe about some assaults, or maybe whether someone is faking an injury. This is one week later already. It took place last Tuesday. Today, you are still asking me the same question. I am worried that the focus of the entire matter is not on whether the university should follow due process.
2:11 Subtitle: "She took part in the incident but now she wants other people not to discuss it anymore. Does she want people to shift focus?"

- (dbc) August 7, 2015.

Hong Kong University Student Union president Billy Fung Jing-en said that the students still disagree with waiting for a Provost to be hired before appointing the Pro Vice Chancellor. However, upon reflection, they believe that charging into the university council meeting room has caused the matter to lose focus. In future, the Student Union may not be using the same method to express its view. He did not respond directly to the question about an apology from the students. He only said that he felt sad about the incident.

Internet comments:

- Billy Fung has got me totally confused. First he justified what the students did by saying that they were "using force to stop violence." Next, he said that the thugs who surrounded the university council members were not students. Now he says that the students may not be using this method in the future.  So what is the really deal?

- This is microcosm of Occupy Central. First, when they did it, they thought that they had righteousness on their side. After they find out that public opinion was surely and inexorably against them such that the original goal was completely lost amidst criticisms of the tactics. In the end, thought, they still refused to say sorry.

- As the students said to Ayesha Macpherson, "You can leave if you kneel down and apologize." So Billy Fung must kneel and apologize.

(Wen Wei Po) June 30, 2015.

Three men and one woman were charged with interfering with police duties in Yuen Long on March 1. According to Chief Inspector Chan Ka-po, he observed four individuals dashing onto the roadway, including the 14-year-old male student, 20-year-old Kwong, 22-year-old Poon and 30-year-old clerk Ng. So he went up to stop them. The first defendant charged him on his left chest with the shoulder. Chan said that Kwong also tussled with him while Ng used her chest to bump into Chan and then scream "Police sexual molestation."

The defense claimed that the medical report did not reveal any injuries on Chan's left chest. However, Chan insisted that he sustained an injury which was not found during the exam. The defense also said that Chan's hand touched Ng's left breast and that caused her to scream "Sexual molestation." Kwong went up to grab Chan's hand to free the woman so he did not interfere with police duty.

Police sergeant Hung Kwok-kay said that Poon pushed him and tried to pull an arrested man away. But the defense said that Poon did not know that Hung was a policeman and he was just trying to separate two people in a fight.

(Oriental Daily) June 29, 2015.

Chan testified that he saw the 13-year-old student, Kwong and Ng rushing onto the roadway. He intercepted them and asked them to return to the sidewalk. Ng said: "What?" Chan thought that she couldn't hear clearly so he repeated his request. The 13-year-old student rammed his Chan's left chest near the police ID with the shoulder while saying, "What is not permitted?"

Chan said that he wanted to grab the 13-year-old's hand to arrest. But Kwong came up and shoved both of his hands away. Chan and Kwong tussled, such that Chan was spun around 180 degrees. At that time, an unknown person hit Chan on his head and left forehead. Then Ng thrust her breast at Chan and screamed "Police sexual molestation!" Someone else echoed "Police sexual molestation." Objects were thrown. Chan fell onto the ground and someone kicked him on the back. Chan got up and arrested the 13-year-old. At the hospital, Chan was found to have sustained injuries on his right hand and left lower back.

(Apple Daily) June 29, 2015.

According to Chief inspector Chan Ka-po, Ng had blood all over her face because she started to bleed in the nose when she fell down and then she used her hand to smear blood all over her face.

(Oriental Daily) July 2, 2015.

30-year-old shipping clerk Ng testified in court today. She said that she and her 20-year-old boyfriend Kwong went out to Yuen Long to demonstrate on March 1. During the time, Kwong wanted to take out a water bottle and drink bottle. The police instructed the crowd to advance and she lost track of Kwong. She was pushed by the crowd towards the scene of the clash. She said that the male Chief Inspector Chan Ka-po stuck his face close to her forehead, grabbed her by the left shoulder strap of her backpack and touched her left breast. She got afraid and screamed "Sexual molestation" while Chan said: "Arrest her! Arrest her!"

Kwong appeared and also yelled "Sexual molestation!" While Kwong and Chan tussled, the police used pepper spray and pulled her and Kwong away. When they went back to find the mobile phone which was dropped, a policeman tackled Kwong by the neck, while she was shoved by someone from behind and fell on the ground. When she got up, she was bleeding in the mouth and nose. At the hospital, she was found to have suffered a broken nose. She does not know whether a policeman pushed her or not.

Under cross-examination by her lawyer, she said that she listened to the legal advice of her volunteer lawyers and have so far not lodged a complaint against Chief Inspector Chan for sexual molestation. So far she has only told the Complaints Against Police Organisation about being pushed onto the ground by a policeman.

The other defendant 22-year-old Poon Tsz-heng said that he is presently a third-year Accounting student at City University. At the time, he had just left from a friend's residence and he was not part of the anti-parallel traders demonstration. He did not see the ID badge on policeman Hung Kwok-kay. He thought that Hung was arguing and fighting with another man over the parallel trading and therefore used his hands to separate the two parties.

(SCMP) July 30, 2015.

A female protester against cross-border traders yesterday told her assault trial that a police inspector touched her breast when he tried get hold of her rucksack during a protest in Yuen Long.

Protester Ng Lai-ying, 30, said when Chief Inspector Chan Ka-po stretched his arm to reach the strap of the bag on her shoulder, his hand landed on the upper part of her left breast. "I was so scared and I yelled 'indecent assault' immediately," she recalled, of the moments after the March 1 incident.

Ng, who was arrested on the day, denies one count of assaulting Chan, who made a counter-claim, accusing Ng of using her breast to bump him.

A case against Chan was not pursued, Tuen Mun Court heard, as Ng decided not to report the alleged indecent assault to police after seeking legal advice from the Duty Lawyer Service.

Conducting her own defence, Ng told Deputy Magistrate Michael Chan Pik-kiu that Chan already had his head leaned towards her forehead even before the alleged incident, which took place on Sau Fu Street. She said after Chan's alleged act, her co-defendant and boyfriend, Kwong Chun-lung, 20, came to her rescue by grabbing hold of Chan's hand. But they were hit with pepper spray used by Chan's colleagues.

The pair retreated a few steps after being sprayed, she said, but returned a while later to search for her mobile phone. Despite being permitted to return by two police officers, they were still apprehended, during which Ng sustained a broken nose after being pushed from behind.

Testifying earlier against the pair and their two co-defendants, Chan claimed he was stopped by Kwong when he tried to arrest a 14-year-old pupil, who was later charged with assaulting Chan in the same case. Kwong faced one count of obstructing Chan.

Another co-defendant, Poon Tsz-hang, 22 faced the same charge as Kwong, but involving a police sergeant. All three co-defendants deny the charges. The case continues on July 8.

(Oriental Daily) July 16, 2015.

Today at Tuen Mun Court, the magistrate found the first defendant 14-year-old Chu, the second defendant 20-year-old male Kwong, the third defendant 30-year-old female Ng and the fourth defendant 22-year-old male Poon guilty. The first and third defendants were charged with assaulting a police officer, and the second and fourth defendants were charged with obstructing or resisting a police officer. The magistrate found the testimonies of the police officers to be credible whereas the defendants were not truthful witnesses. In particular, the second and third defendants were lovers who concocted the counter-charge that the police officer sexually molested the female. The magistrate said that it was heinous for the female to concoct the sexual molestation charge because of the potential harm to the reputation and career of the police officer. The magistrate also condemned the second defendant for adding his voice to the sexual molestation charge.

(TIME) July 16, 2015.

A court in Hong Kong convicted 30-year-old Ng Lai-ying Thursday of assaulting a police officer by hitting him with her breast during a protest on March 1.

Ng testified that during the protest the officer had reached out his arm to grasp the strap of her bag and that his hand had come in contact with her upper left breast, the South China Morning Post reports.

She told the court that she immediately yelled, Indecent assault!

But in his decision, the magistrate rejected those allegations, accusing Ng of lying in her testimony and instead finding her guilty of using her breast to bump the officers arm. You used your female identity to trump up the allegation that the officer had molested you. This is a malicious act, he said.

There was no word on what physical injuries, if any, the officer suffered.

(SCMP) July 17, 2015.

A participant in a protest against cross-border traders on March 1 was yesterday found guilty of assaulting a police chief inspector by hitting him with her breast.

Tuen Mun deputy magistrate Michael Chan Pik-kiu convicted Ng Lai-ying, 30, who works at a shipping company, of using her chest to bump against the right arm of Chief Inspector Chan Ka-po - who was trying to control the chaotic protest in Yuen Long that day.

A 14-year-old pupil whose name was not disclosed in open court for legal reasons was also found guilty of striking Chan in the chest with his shoulder while the officer was urging protesters to return to the pavement from the roadway on Sau Fu Street. Ng's boyfriend, Kwong Chun-lung, 20, and university student Poon Tsz-hang, 22, were each found guilty of one count of obstructing police officers who were exercising their duties.

All four defendants pleaded not guilty to their charges.

During the trial, Ng said Chan stretched his arm to reach the strap of the bag on her shoulder, and his hand landed on the upper part of her left breast. She said she immediately yelled "indecent assault".

But yesterday, after analysing the evidence, the magistrate rejected her claims that the inspector had molested her, and chastised her for making up the assault story. "You used your female identity to trump up the allegation that the officer had molested you. This is a malicious act," he said, adding that it had caused great harm to the officer's reputation.

The magistrate noted that during his one-year stint in Tuen Mun Court, he had handled numerous cases in which defendants had assaulted other people who were exercising their duties, including police officers and Correctional Services Department staff.

"Those who are attacked because of their jobs should be protected," he said. He also affirmed that the role of police in a protest was to maintain law and order. "There were two groups of people expressing different points of view at the protest. Without police officers there to maintain order, it is not surprising that there was commotion, or even clashes."

All of the defendants, who will be sentenced on July 29, were remanded in custody, pending a series of reports to determine an appropriate punishment.

(Oriental Daily) July 29, 2015.

The defendants' lawyer said that the second defendant will be in his fourth year at the Hang Seng School of Management. If sent to prison, the second defendant would be unable to complete his studies. The defense also showed the video in which the third defendant was seen to have been pushed by a policeman, which caused her nose bone to break. This proves that the police treated her violently.

The fourth defendant's lawyer said that his client was only visiting a friend nearby and tried to separate two men fighting in the street. The fourth defendant had just graduated with an accounting degree at City University. If convicted, his career may be jeopardized. Therefore, the fourth defendant would like to receive probation, fine or suspended sentence.

The first defendant hopes to be sent to receive probation or fine only. The lawyer submitted letters from his parents, his primary and second school principals to show that the first defendant is excellent in character and scholastics, including being a volunteer for his church.

(Hong Kong Free Press) July 30, 2015.

A woman who was convicted of assaulting a police officer with her breasts was sentenced to three months and 15 days imprisonment on Thursday morning. Thirty-year-old Ng Lai-ying was found guilty of assaulting Chief Inspector Chan Ka-po by Tuen Mun Magistrates Court earlier this month. She returned to court on Thursday with three of her co-accused who were also sentenced.

Twenty-year-old Kwong Chung-hung was handed five months and one week in a rehabilitation centre, 22-year-old Poon Tsz-hang was sentenced to five months and three weeks in prison, and a 14-year-old defendant will also be sent to a rehabilitation centre for an indeterminate period of time.

All four defendants pleaded not guilty to the charges against them. Lawyers representing the four told the court they would appeal the sentences and the defendants were granted bail.

The magistrate overseeing the case, Michael Chan Pik-kiu, set bail conditions to HK$5,000 each and said that all four defendants must not leave Hong Kong.

According to Stand News between 40 to 50 people turned up at the courthouse to watch the sentencing, including members of Hong Kong Indigenous, a localist group spawned from last years pro-democracy Occupy movement. As they left the courthouse, the three defendants did not comment on the sentence but thanked everyone for their support.

Nicknamed the Yuen Long Four, the group were arrested after taking part in an anti-parallel trading protest in Yuen Long at the beginning of March.

Ng was found guilty of thrusting her chest into Chief Inspector Chans arm as he was attempting to control the increasingly rowdy protest. Ng told the court that she shouted indecent assault after Chan reached out for the strap of her bag, leading his hand to touch the upper part of her left breast.

Kwong and Poon were found guilty of obstructing police officers and a 14-year-old pupil was found guilty of hitting Chan in the chest with his shoulder.

Local media reported that magistrate Chan dismissed Ngs allegations, saying they had caused great harm to the officers reputation.  Chan also revealed that after the Yuen Long Four were convicted he was threatened and feared for his safety, However, he did not make clear who had threatened him and why.

The ruling made international headlines and also saw 200 people assemble outside the High Court on Sunday, July 26 to protest against the convictions.

(SCMP) Civil disobedience has its consequences. July 31, 2015.

Civil disobedience by definition breaks the law. It may be for a good cause but don't be surprised if you get dragged into court and thrown into jail. Do the deed, pay the price. That's how you gain respect; it's certainly not by moaning about it. Yet, many young protesters today seem surprised when they find themselves before a judge; their supporters are outraged.

Deputy Magistrate Michael Chan Pik-kiu has been the target of abuse in court and on the internet ever since he convicted a group of anti-parallel trade protesters for assaulting or obstructing the police. Among these are Ng Lai-ying, convicted of assault and jailed yesterday for three months and 15 days; her boyfriend Kwong Chun-lung, 20, was sentenced to a training centre, while Poon Tsz-hang, 22, was given five months and one week in jail, after both were convicted of obstructing police.

A 14-year-old boy, who was also convicted of assault, was sentenced to a rehabilitation centre.

The defendants have been granted bail to file for appeal.

Sympathetic commentators have ridiculed Ng's conviction for assaulting an officer with her breast, conjuring images of her using her sensitive parts to beat up the hapless officer. But the judge has made it clear the seriousness of her offence was that she falsely counter-accused the police inspector of indecent assault.

Classic civil-disobedience activists accept the consequences of breaching the law, however bad, by taking the punishment. Through their suffering, they expose the illegitimacy of the law and the state that administers it.

Many young protesters today hold no such belief. They do not think they should suffer any consequences, even if they confront and fight police officers, break into private and closed-door meetings and hound whoever disagrees with them. Take those student protesters who effectively hijacked a University of Hong Kong Council meeting this week. They seem to think they are above the law.

There are many liberal or pan-democratic politicians and commentators who encourage or even glorify those youthful protesters.

When you think you are right, you don't need to listen to anyone else. Anything you do is justified.

(EJinsight) July 31, 2015.

For sheer preposterousness, nothing tops it. Theres a close second if you like. But as a judicial precedent, an assault conviction on the basis of the use of a womans breasts as a weapon turns the legal system on its head.

Thats exactly what happened when a Hong Kong magistrate found a woman guilty of assaulting a policeman with her breasts during a chaotic protest earlier this year. 

Ng Lai-ying, 30, was sentenced to three months and 15 days in jail. That she was convicted on such a ridiculous charge is laughable enough but its incredibly appalling when you look at the evidence.

While the victim failed to reasonably prove the extent of his injuries, Ng was shown in photos and video clips with a bloodied mouth being manhandled by policemen. Even assuming her injuries did not happen at the exact same time she attacked the policeman, it almost told you who was beating whom.

Deputy magistrate Michael Chan said the verdict is a warning against humiliating policemen in the future. Which would have made sense if that, in fact, was the case.

The incident happened during a chaotic dispersal of an anti-parallel trading protest in Yuen Long that was marred by scuffles, meaning there was a fair amount of pushing and shoving.

If anyone was shamed, it was Ng who suffered from the notion that her breasts were big and powerful enough to be an assault weapon. Theres a sense Ngs attempt to hit back by accusing the policeman of indecently assaulting her helped do her in.

In any event, Hong Kong people were aghast at the verdict. The world was bemused. The news caught fire on the internet and the international media, including Time magazine, picked up the story and ran with it.

Chan has become famous for the wrong reasons, but the biggest joke is on Hong Kongs vaunted rule of law and justice system which have just become the laughing stock of the world.

(SCMP) July 31, 2015.

A woman convicted of assaulting a police chief inspector with her breast in a protest against cross-border traders, maintained her innocence in a mitigation session attended by many of her supporters yesterday.

Ng Lai-ying, 30, instructed her lawyer Lawrence Lau Wai-hung to tell Tuen Mum Court that a report sought on her earlier had erred in suggesting she admitted the offence after being convicted.

Normally, a magistrate or judge would take into account such an admission when considering the sentencing options. But Lau told Deputy Magistrate Michael Chan Pik-kiu: "Ng insisted that she had not committed the offence. She wanted to retain her integrity rather than lie ... in exchange for a lighter sentence."

Dozens of supporters - including members of Hong Kong Indigenous and lawmaker "Long Hair" Leung Kwok-hung - poured into the courtroom to support Ng and her co-defendants. Some had to wait outside, forcing the court to keep its doors open throughout the hearing. At least 20 police officers, in uniform and plain clothes, stood outside the courtroom.

Ng was found guilty last month of assaulting Chief Inspector Chan Ka-po, after the magistrate ruled she used her chest to bump against Chan's arm in Yuen Long on March 1. A 14-year-old boy was convicted of assaulting Chan in the same trial. Ng's boyfriend, Kwong Chun-lung, 20, and student Poon Tsz-hang, 22, were each found guilty of one count of obstructing a police officer.

The court heard during the trial that Ng suffered a fractured nose after being subdued during the protest.

Lau yesterday showed the court video footage that captured what appeared to be a police officer in uniform pushing Ng from behind. He asked the magistrate to consider the Ng's injury.

Earlier, the magistrate said Ng was malicious in accusing Chan of indecent assault. Lau said the incident was not premeditated, nor did it damage Chan's reputation in the police as Ng, whom Lau described as a "decent woman", did not make a complaint.

Lau urged the magistrate not to send Kwong to a detention centre as it would ruin the university student's future.

Senior counsel Martin Lee, who mitigated for Poon and the 14-year-old on a pro bono basis, asked the magistrate to consider the boy's well-being and not to deprive him of his liberty.

(Oriental Daily) July 31, 2015.


Poon Tsz-hang, Ng Lai-ying and Kwong Chun-lung

According to magistrate Michael Chan Pik-kiu, chief inspector Chan Ka-po was not injured. However, Ng Lai-ying thrusted her chest onto Chan's arm and then screamed "Police in sexual molestation!" This caused other protestors to yell and toss objects around. What had been a minor assault has escalated into a serious matter. Therefore the magistrate sentenced Ng to 3-1/2 months in jail.

The magistrate said that an unknown person kicked Chief Inspector Chan Ka-po who was on the ground. The defendant Poon Tsz-hang then pulled the attacker away from the grasp of the police, thus enabling the attacker to escape. Therefore, this act was more serious than the regular obstruction charge (such as refusing to be searched or to produce an ID for inspection). The magistrate sentenced Poon to 5 months plus one week. The magistrate said that the sentences were lightened in view of the records of the two defendants.

The magistrate said that the defendant Kwong Chun-lung obstructed Chief Inspector Chan from arresting Ny Lai-ying, causing Chan to be hit in the head and kicked on the back by unknown persons. Therefore, he sentenced Kwong to a rehabilitation centre. As for the 14-year-old student who used his shoulder to ram Chief Inspector Chan, he has been arrested four times since late December and charged twice (including this case). The magistrate said that his parents are unable to keep him control. "Even if it was wrong to have arrested/prosecuted/sentenced each time, I believe that his parents wouldn't want to see their son go through this process." Therefore, the magistrate sentenced the defendant to a rehabilitation centre.

(Oriental Daily) July 31, 2015.

During the sentencing of the Yuen Long Four, the magistrate Michael Chan Pik-kiu disclosed that he had received threats. The police has received information that someone had posted at the discussion forums: "I know where you (Michael Chan Pik-kiu) hang around, and is investigating this as a case of criminal threat.

After the sentencing was made, a number of other comments were made at the discussion forums, including some that were directed at the family of Chan, such as "Your entire family will surely die." Over at Passion Times, the banner said: "No use to say anything, more practical to take action" and "Hong Kong traitor magistrate Michael Chan Pik-kiu, watch your step!"


Protestor outside courthouse holding sign: "Dog official: fuck your mother!" over the photo of the magistrate Michael Chan Pik-kiu


Passion Times:
No use to say anything, more practical to take action
Photo of Hong Kong traitor magistrate Chan Pik-kiu
Watch your step!

(EJinsight) July 31, 2015.

Film and TV actress Gloria Yip has launched a campaign to protest the conviction of a woman for assaulting a policeman with her breasts. Yip wants people to upload pictures with a Breast X Weapon hashtag on the internet, according to Stand News. She said she is protesting the weaponization of the female body and wants the notion expunged from its new legal definition. Yip said she has received support from netizens who have started posting messages on Facebook.

A womens advocacy group, Association Concerning Sexual Violence Against Women, said it is concerned the decision will deter victims of sexual violence from seeking help from the police.

Ng Lai-ying, 30, was found guilty of assaulting police chief inspector Chan Ka-po by hitting him with her breasts. She was jailed three months and 15 days. Chan said Ng attacked him with her breasts while photos and video clips showed her with a bloodied mouth. Ng accused Chan of indecently assaulting her. Magistrate Michael Chan said Ngs yelling, which incited others to join, along with the throwing of objects at police officers, made the assault more serious than it was.

(SCMP) August 1, 2015.

Not holding placards but bras some 200 protesters rallied outside the police headquarters in Wan Chai this morning against the conviction of a woman who was earlier jailed for three and a half months for assaulting an officer with her breast.

Protesters feared the conviction could deter women from joining future social movements because of concerns that police would charge them with assault whenever there is bodily contact during a demonstration.

Ng Lai-ying and three other defendants who took part in a protest against cross-border traders in March were granted bail last Thursday pending an appeal, as the police started to investigate allegations that the magistrate who convicted them had been threatened.

Deputy magistrate Michael Chan Pik-kiu said although the police inspector assaulted by Ng had not suffered any injury, Ngs attempt to accuse the inspector of molesting her made her case serious.

Breast is not a weapon, the protesters chanted while holding actual bras and pictures of the underwear amid a heavy police presence.

The rally organiser, called Breast Walk, said it felt helpless over the conviction as it was ridiculous for the police to turn a deaf ear to Ngs claim that she was molested by an inspector during the protest. It is very shocking and regrettable that a womans allegation that she has been molested is turned into her causing chaos. It would deter women from taking part in social movements and deprive them of the right to participate in political activities, said Luk Kit-ling, a spokesman for the group.

Regardless of whether they were male or female, some demonstrators wore bras on their chest to show support for Ng. They included social worker Jordi Tsang Sing-cheung, who said: The way I dress today looks quite ugly as a male, but it is not as ugly as the judgment, which is like calling a deer a horse. Ng was wearing a bra made of coconuts.

Before the rally began, police raised a yellow banner warning protesters it was an unlawful assembly and they could be prosecuted. But the warning was ignored. The protesters left peacefully after handing a petition to a police representative.

(Oriental Daily) August 1, 2015.

More than 100 protestors showed up outside Hong Kong Police Headquarters in Wanchai for the "One person one bra, no gender difference, wear them and show them, give justice back to the breast" campaign. Some of these demonstrators are worried that once the precedent is set, women's right to participate in civil rights action will be deprived.

Internet comments:

- The verdict/sentence was rendered in a court by a magistrate. These protestors showed up outside Police Headquarters. Do they know the difference between the court and the police?
- You don't understand, do you? The relevant court is located in Tuen Mun, which is about one hour away by MTR. Besides, the courthouse is closed on Sunday. Meanwhile, Police Headquarters is located in the middle of Hong Kong Island and it is open seven days a week. Get it?

- Where was Occupy Mong Kok cross-dresser Ah Kay on this day? I can't spot him. It seems that there was only the regular group of protestors (Leung Kwok-hung (League of Social Democrats), Tanya Chan (Civic Party), Han Lian-shan (professional protestor), etc) who show up for any cause just for the sake of protesting.

- Occupy Central marshal Kwok Siu-kay carrying weapon of mass destruction:

- News reports said that tens of dozens of organizations were present to protest. Well, in Hong Kong, each person represents multiple organizations (such as XYZ Concern Group, etc). For example, legislator Leung Kwok-hung represents the League of Social Democrats as well as the April 5th Movement. It is better to say tens of dozens of organizations than to say tens of dozens of individuals.
- The listed organizations include the Female Social Workers' Union, Women's Political Participation Network, New Women Progressive Club, Social Workers' Renaissance Movement, University Gay/Lesbian Action, Hong Kong Lesbian Association, League of Social Democrats, Confederation of Labor Unions, etc.

- I am very disappointed. I wanted to see Chrissie Chow

Instead all I got was Leung Kwok-hung.

(SCMP) Hong Kong woman convicted of assaulting police officer with her breast deserves to be jailed. By Alex Lo. August 4, 2015.

A breast is, of course, not a weapon. And nowhere in the conviction and sentencing of anti-parallel trading protester Ng Lai-ying does it say it is.

So the pro-breast rally on Sunday which attracted about 200 protesters - both men and women - wearing bras in support of Ng against the sentencing magistrate had me scratching my head.

I am glad, though, that the rally gave an opportunity for cross-dressers and transvestites to come out in support of a political cause.

The chatter on internet forums frequented by activists has been full of outrage and anger.

The proximate cause was that Ng was jailed for three-and-a-half months for assaulting a police officer with her breast, pending an appeal, while anti-Occupy newspaper vendor Yiu Yau-pik was ordered yesterday by a judge to perform 120 hours of community service for throwing an egg at lawmaker "Long Hair" Leung Kwok-hung.

Where is the justice, many asked?

One angry post said Yiu's was the more serious of the offences, and if anyone deserved to go to jail, it's not Ng but Yiu. After all, the post went on, the egg did stain Leung's T-shirt while no officers were harmed by Ng's breasts.

I would rather ask: where's the injustice? 120 hours of community service for the common assault of throwing an egg? That's a pretty stiff penalty, just one notch short of being sent to jail in Hong Kong's sentencing guidelines.

Our pan-democratic lawmakers pioneered and perfected the protest art of throwing objects at opponents in and out of the legislative chamber. Leung simply got a taste of his own medicine.

Assault legally means the application of an unlawful force, which does not have to cause physical injury. The latter offence is assault causing bodily harm and there are the more serious offences of wounding and wounding with intent.

Ng was found guilty of assaulting a police officer, which usually comes with a jail sentence. She did so by pressing her chest against the officer's arm, and, as the presiding magistrate observed, falsely shouted indecent assault against him, thus further provoking the protesting crowd around her.

She got what she deserved.

Videos:

[The video below was offered by Ng Lai-ying to mitigate her case, but the action for which she was charged with assault took place earlier in the day. Therefore the video is not direct evidence for the trial.]
dbc news video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X9xWwltW6Y8
Apple Daily news video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-tdJ9g5YrFw
Mat Kit: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WefmzbmhdP4&

dbc news video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PcIA8Fdtr_w Press conference after sentencing.

Taiwanese Animators: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JB4ZKRxzz3U

Conan O'Brien: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qmE-eETXSa8
Conan O'Briend https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jYJKtLUTdXI Debunking the act with the facts of the case

Internet comment:

- The technique of women throwing their bodies at men and screaming "Sexual molestation" is time-honored, well-established.

Here is this May 2013 video of Federation of Students demonstrators: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UJXYdirwsDY.
6:11 Male student in grey t-shirt shoves female student in white t-shirt towards a uniformed policeman in a human chain. High-pitched female shrieks.
6:55 Female student in black t-shirt keeps pushing policemen, shrieking and filming with one hand.
7:57 Male student applies bear hugs to two female students. Female screaming: "Sexual molestation."
9:11 Female student elbows female police officer in chest and the latter tumbles down.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dR_Z3mBTg8A
As another example, here is Legislative Councilor Tse Wai-chun being accused by Lam Yi-Lai for sexual molestation. The evidence? At 0:40, Lam thrusts her chest at Tse and there was physical contact.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=75zEDEQ2MB0
This technique is not an exclusive right for democrats. Here is Legislative Councilor Leung Kwok-hung being harassed by a woman at a campaign rally.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TMSrXFXz4os On January 25, 2015, Mong Kok Shopping Revolutionaries were confronted by two Blue Ribbons. It begins with verbal insults from both sides. Then there is some physical jostling. The two Blue Ribbons are the middle-aged men dressed in black. The others are pro-democracy Yellow Ribbon Shopping Revolutions.

02:38 (Woman) Fuck your mother's stinking cunt.
02:58 [The two men turn and leave]
03:11 [A man in white jacket and hat gives a shove in the back]
03:13 (Man in blue) Don't fucking leave! Fuck your mother's stinking cunt!
03:24 (Woman bumps the Blue Ribbon man with her chest) I fuck your mother!
03:26 [Woman bumps the Blue Ribbon man with her chest again]

03:30 [A man in blue sweater and blue-grey cap shoves the other Blue Ribbon man from behind towards the woman]
03:31 (Woman) Sexual molestation! Sexual molestation! Sexual molestation! Sexual molestation!
03:38 [An old man with white hair, black jacket and orange t-shit underneath punches both Blue Ribbon men]
03:46 (A man called out the two Blue Ribbon men) You are hitting people! You are hitting people!
04:01 (Woman) He sexually molested me! He sexually molested me!
04:18 [A Yellow Ribbon man punches the second Blue Ribbon from behind on the back of the neck]
04:27 [The fight spills into The Body Shop. A man in military pants slams the second Blue Ribbon man from behind onto the floor and holds him in a lock.
04:54 [Another Yellow Ribbon man grabs the first Blue Ribbon man by his jackets and yanks his jacket away. The Blue Ribbon man falls to the ground ]
04:59 [While the Blue Ribbon man is on the ground with his jacket pulled over this head, a Yellow Ribbon man hits with a folded beige-colored umbrella.]
05:09 (Man in blue) Call the police.
05:09 (Female shop assistant) Call the police.
05:16 [The old man kicks the second Blue Ribbon who is being held on the ground, then stoops down ready to punch.]
05:28 (Yellow Ribbon in military pants) I don't care. Anyway, he sexually molested someone ... I saw you.
05:57 (Yellow Ribbon to second Blue Ribbon man) Are you human? How can you sexually molest someone?
05:59 (Another Yellow Ribbon) The police have been called. No need to worry.
06:05 (Another Yellow Ribbon) The crime of sexual molestation. This one, this one.
06:10 (Man in grey jackets) These two are thieves. They were stealing things.
06:18 (Another Yellow Ribbon) This one. This one. The man behind caught him.
06:30 (First Blue Ribbon Man) We are not going to leave.

- For the n-th time, let it be said that the case is not about using the breast to assault a policeman. The basis for the case is this:

According to magistrate Michael Chan Pik-kiu, chief inspector Chan Ka-po was not injured. However, Ng Lai-ying thrusted her chest onto Chan's arm and then screamed "Police in sexual molestation!" This caused other protestors to yell and toss objects around. What had been a minor assault has escalated into a serious matter. Therefore the magistrate sentenced Ng to 3-1/2 months in jail.\

The severity of the sentence is based upon several considerations, such as the seriousness of the charge, the seriousness of the consequences of the act, the history/background of the defendant, etc.

As for the possibility that the female was really molested by the policeman ... well, this was daytime and there were several hundred "photojournalists" present at the scene. A policeman would know that anything that he does will be filmed by multiple cameras. So would the Chief Inspector Chan Ka-po place his career at risk to molest Ng Lai-ying (see photo)? Is it worth it? Please make some sense.

For example, EJinsight: "Ng Lai-ying, 30, was found guilty of assaulting police chief inspector Chan Ka-po by hitting him with her breasts. She was jailed three months and 15 days. Chan said Ng attacked him with her breasts while photos and video clips showed her with a bloodied mouth. Ng accused Chan of indecently assaulting her. " That is just plain wrong.
"Magistrate Michael Chan said Ngs yelling, which incited others to join, along with the throwing of objects at police officers, made the assault more serious than it was." That is correct.

- (Oriental Daily) Normally the Civic Party regards themselves as the guardians of the rule-of-law, and will oppose any criticisms of judicial rulings and decisions. In the case of the Yuen Long Four, they have suddenly gone completely silent about the insults and threats being hurled at magistrate Michael Chan Pik-kiu. The fact of the matter is that the Civic Party are terrified of offending the radical elements. Thus, "silence is golden."

(SCMP) Chief executive as chancellor of Hong Kong universities is an anachronism. By Alex Lo. July 13, 2015.

In some overseas universities, the president or chancellor is the nominal head with little or no executive influence. Their power and role are mostly confined to hobnobbing with wealthy and powerful donors and alumni to raise money and profile for their schools.

So even if they are politically connected or hold high office, they are disinclined to interfere with their schools' autonomy and freedom. This model has many advocates but is far from being the universal norm.

Hong Kong's case is somewhat in the middle, but it is politicised enough to generate the current row over allegations of political interference at the University of Hong Kong.

The laws that set up our eight publicly funded tertiary institutions made the colonial governor, and after 1997, the chief executive, their chancellor. The vice-chancellors are the real executive heads of their universities. But the chief executive-cum-chancellor may still exercise indirect influence by nominating a large number of allies - in some cases, up to half - to the universities' councils, their powerful decision-making bodies.

Controversies ensued earlier this year with the naming of executive councillor Professor Arthur Li Kwok-cheung, a politically divisive figure, to the HKU council. His allied council members' stalling of the appointment of a pro-democracy legal scholar, Professor Johannes Chan Man-mun, to a pro-vice-chancellor post renewed the row.

Chan's case is, however, complicated by his being tainted by alleged mishandling of dodgy donation funds channelled to the university by his colleague and Occupy Central co-founder Benny Tai Yiu-ting.

It's over Chan's stalled appointment that many student unions and scholars are now campaigning to change the laws that automatically make the chief executive their chancellor.

Chan's case is murky and so has clouded the debate. The real issue is clear-cut enough: should the future chief executive continue to be the universities' chancellor and wield the power to name so many council members?

This has become an anachronism. There is no reason why persons of high moral, social and/or academic standing should not become chancellors of our public universities. And even if the chief executive has to remain the nominal head, his or her power to name council members should be significantly curbed.

(EJinsight) HKU alumni to hold protest over pro vice chancellor issue. July 28, 2015.

Dr. Leong Che-hung, chairman of the Council of the University of Hong Kong (HKU), said he was willing to initiate a discussion of the councils decision to delay the appointment of a pro vice chancellor in a meeting scheduled for Tuesday, Ming Pao Daily reported. However, it is not clear if the council would discuss the issue.

A group of HKU alumni said it has gathered 2,600 signatures for a petition letter urging the council to stop deferring the appointment of former law dean Johannes Chan as pro vice chancellor. Members of the group also plan to stage a silent protest on the campus and hand their petition letter to members of the council. As of Monday morning, the concern group has solicited the signatures of 1,536 alumni, 909 supporters and 20 organizations.

The signatories include former chief secretary Anson Chan, former security chief Peter Lai Hing-ning, businessman Lew Mon-hung, and Zandra Mok, former political assistant to the secretary for labor and welfare.

The Hong Kong University Students Union (HKUSU) said some 50 to 60 members will surround the venue of the council meeting and demand that the council disclose their discussions during the meeting. The HKUSU said it would not rule out further action should the outcome of the meeting fail to satisfy them.

Kevin Lau, a former Ming Pao editor and HKU alumnus, had earlier accused Leung and fellow council member Arthur Li of lobbying against Johannes Chan. Leung denied the allegation, and said he regretted that such a rumor had circulated.

(SCMP) HKU council members taken to hospital as meeting on pro-vice-chancellor post descends into chaos. July 29, 2015.

A closed-door meeting of the University of Hong Kongs governing body ended in chaos last night when angry students stormed the venue upon learning that members were sticking to their guns in deferring the appointment of a liberal scholar to a key managerial post.

HKU council member Dr Lo Chung-mau, one of those who supported the controversial deferral, collapsed in the middle of the shouting and shoving in the overcrowded room. It was unclear whether he fainted or was pushed to the ground.

An ambulance was called to take him to hospital, but the university said it was blocked at the entrance of the car park for more than 30 minutes.

Another council member, Ayesha Macpherson, was also sent to hospital after complaining of feeling unwell when she could not drive out of the car park. Protesting students complained that there were six police vehicles in the car park and officers were already equipped with warning flags that are normally used at violent confrontations.

I respect the students passion, but we need to resolve the matter rationally, said embattled council chairman Dr Leong Che-hung. We wanted to work out an appointment schedule and we had many proposals for that but now we cant proceed.

But Billy Fung Jing-en, president of HKUs student union, said: We suffered from the violence of the system and we came up with this idea to make our voice heard. Why are there police waiting for us? Fung added that he would like to wish Lo a speedy recovery.

The trouble began at 9.25pm, when dozens of angry students waiting outside the meeting room forced their way in after finding out the council had already voted down a motion, proposed by staff and student representatives, to revisit the appointment issue after it was deferred last month.

Students and pro-democracy figures have complained of political interference in the delayed appointment of liberal scholar Professor Johannes Chan Man-mun as a pro-vice-chancellor.

Chan has been recommended for the post but has yet to be confirmed his supporters are convinced its because of his pro-democracy views and close ties with his colleague, Benny Tai Yiu-ting, who co-founded last years Occupy Central movement.

Council members in favour of the deferral say its an administrative issue, not a political one, and they want to wait for a supervisory post to be filled first.

Appoint now! the students chanted last night at the disrupted meeting, refusing to let council members leave.

They shouted shame at Arthur Li Kwok-cheung, directing much of their anger at the executive councillor who was appointed by Chief Executive Leung Chun-ying to HKUs governing body. Li has been accused of working behind the scene to block Chans appointment, but last night he denied allegations that he had arranged for a middleman to dissuade Chan from accepting the post. Students dont like me maybe because Im appointed by Leung Chun-ying and they dont like him, Li said, describing their radical action as Hong Kongs Cultural Revolution.


The students shouted 'shame' at Arthur Li Kwok-cheung, appointed by CY Leung to HKU's governing body.

HKU president Professor Peter Mathieson appealed to the protesting students to leave. My primary concern here reminds me of my concerns during the Occupy protest, which is the safety of people, he told them. The point [you want] to make has been made. I notice the strength of feelings.

The chaos ended with another closed-door meeting, this time between students, Mathieson, Leong and the remaining council members.

Mathieson told the press he was a big believer in students having opportunities to express themselves and to guarantee their freedom of speech, although he told students that two council members needing hospital treatment was not good publicity for HKU.

Having opposed the deferral, he said he was still very keen to stay in his job and to assembling his team as soon as possible. He said he was very accustomed to political pressure, having spent 30 years in the publicly funded systems in health and universities in Britain, which were also subject to such pressure.

I feel all sorts of pressure in this job, from staff, students, politicians, alumni. Thats my job. Ill work in the best interest of the university, he said. He would not speculate on the reasons for police presence he said the university did not call for them - and said it was perfectly reasonable if they came to escort the ambulance.

The Education Bureau condemned the protest and urged people not to put pressure on the council.

But lawmaker Ip Kin-yuen, who leads an alumni concern group demanding an end to the delay in appointing Chan, said it was the councils decision that had angered the students. The continuous delay hurts HKU more deeply. We shouldnt lose the focus, he said.

Chan was shortlisted for the post, in charge of academic staffing and resources, at the end of last year. But last month, the council voted 12-6 to wait until a supervisory provost was hired and gave his input.

(SCMP TV) Hong Kong University students block council member Arthur Li from leaving closed-door meeting (video)

(Oriental Daily with video) July 29, 2015.

Yesterday around 30 HKU alumni went to chant slogans such as "Protect HKU" and "Defend academic freedom". Meanwhile about 10 "Value your children, defend education" members came to counter-protest. These people said that they Hong Kong University students take taxpayers' money but still want autonomy. If they took the money, they should shut up and put up.

(Oriental Daily) July 29, 2015.

At around 930pm, about 100 HKU students charged into the council meeting rooms and detained the council members including HKU president Peter Mathieson, council members Arthur Li, etc. During the chaos, council member Lo Chung-mo fell down. Council members Arthur Li, Leong Chi-hung and Yuen Kwok-yung who are medical doctors tended to Lo.

During this period, the students said that the council members must retake their seats before they will allow Lo to be taken to the hospital. Yuen Kwok-yung said that "You have to make way for me to give emergency treatment." After more than 10 minutes, Lo finally succeeded in leaving the council meeting room. Arthur Li returned to face the students.

Another council member Wong Kai-man was surrounded by demonstrators as he tried to leave. He was finally able to leave in the company of security guards after 10 minutes. Another council member Ayesha Macpherson was surrounded for more than 30 minutes. Seven police officers came but she was still unable to leave. Finally, she felt uncomfortable and was taken to Queen Mary Hospital by ambulance. Previously, legislator Ip Kin-yuen had promised that they would intercept council members downstairs and on the street.

As the ambulances for Lo and Mak left, one of them was stopped by the students. The police came to escort the ambulance away. According to information, the university did not report to the police.

(Oriental Daily) July 29, 2015.


Students blocking the exits to prevent the council members from leaving.

Internet comments condemned the students for being "barbaric and rude." One wrote: "I remember that the students once accused the police of blocking the backstairs to prevent them from leaving. Today they did the same thing. They talk grand but they are uncivilized all the same." Another questioned what these students would be like once they leave school and enter society at large.

(Oriental Daily) July 29, 2015.

Council member Ayesha Macpherson was surrounded by about 30 demonstrators as she tried to leave. The demonstrators cursed Mak for being "shameless." They demanded that she resign as council member. Meanwhile Hong Kong University alumnus and senior barrister Audrey Eu stood on the side and watched the whole scene.  The demonstrators included a number of elderly persons (non-students).

(Oriental Daily)

The students charged into the council meeting room and prevented council members such as Arthur Li from departing. Li said that the citizens can evaluate such actions. Li said that he was a victim and that the students' actions constituted illegal detention and mistreatment of senior citizens.

Did the students single him out? Li said that the students probably thought that Li was appointed by Hong Kong SAR Chief Executive CY Leung to control the university council. Li said that there are 24 members on the university council and his one vote cannot sway the decision of the council. Li said that nobody asked him about becoming the council president, nor would he ask for the post.

Later, the students permitted Arthur Li to leave. They told Li that since he is not a Hong Kong University graduate, he should not be on the university council. They told him in English, "You feel free to leave" implying that he should not come back or else he would face another round of non-cooperative movement.

(Wen Wei Po) July 29, 2015.

Prior to the Council meeting, a number of opposition politicians saying that they represent HKU alumni gathered outside Knowles Building to protest. These included Alan Leong, Audrey Eu, Tanya Chan Sin Chung-kai, Lee Wing-tat, etc. At the same time, a number of Occupy Central radical activists also came to voice support. Our reporter observed a number of individuals who occupied Tim Mei Road outside the Legislative Council building after Occupy Central failed. These included "Ah Lai" who is well-known for his connections to the radical groups People Power and League of Social Democrats; Ray Wong who is the convener of Hong Kong Indigenous. Other opposition figures said that these people have no ties to Hong Kong University. "They are not HKU alumni, and they have no existing ties to HKU. For example, Ray Wong is a graduate of the Caritas Bianchi College of Careers, and his group Hong Kong Indigenous has no ties to HKU. These people are here to exploit the situation."

Our reporter observed that these radical elements came and mixed in with the rest of the protestors to chant slogans. According to informed sources, they were not interested in protesting a university council meeting until they learned that the Hong Kong University Student Union said on Monday that they may even occupy the meeting room. Then they rushed out to exploit the possible chaos.

Prior to the meeting, 20 members of the Internet group "Value your children, defend education" came to demonstrate. When they tried to submit a petition to the university staff, they were surrounded by members of the HKU Last Line of Defence, and cursed with "Fucking die quickly!" and "I have purchased a coffin for you already!" A self-proclaimed Hong Kong University alumnus punched a 60-year-old man, causing him to bleed all over his face. Group member Mrs. Chan said that when her children attended HKU, they got good jobs after they graduated, but nowadays HKU students only do politics: "They don't want to study; they only want to mess with the university president."

(TVB) July 29, 2015.

Legislator and HKU Last Line of Defence Ip Kin-yuen said that those people who surrounded the council members in the parking lot were not Hong Kong University students. "Last night, the students were mostly inside and outside the tenth floor conference room. The people downstairs were not students. Among the general public, it is hard for us to tell who is who. As to whether they acted appropriately, I think that they can judge for themselves. It is preferable for them to explain themselves and then society can judge." Ip Yin-yuen said that he respected what the Hong Kong University Student Union did. As adults, they are responsible for their own actions.

(SCMP) Students should leave Hong Kong University affairs to its council. July 30, 2015.

The generals fired the first salvos. The foot soldiers moved in on Tuesday night. Audrey Eu Yuet-mee and Alan Leong Kah-kit were among pan-democratic leaders who joined a signature campaign against the delayed appointment of former law dean Johannes Chan Man-mun as pro-vice-chancellor of the University of Hong Kong.

On Tuesday night, student protesters stormed a meeting of the university's governing council on the matter. Chaos followed; one professor - Lo Chung-mau - was sent to hospital.

The row yesterday wasn't about whether Chan was fit for the job, or whether the administration of Leung Chun-ying was trying to manipulate the outcome through council member Arthur Li Kwok-cheung, a former education minister. It was over whether the unfortunate don was hurt by protesters or feigned his injury.

A storm in a teacup over a politically neutral post - with such exciting duties as budgeting research and hiring academic staff - has turned into a farce.

Once you have the rival pan-democratic and leftist camps locking horns, facts and other relevant issues are out the window. It's now a shouting match. The pan-dems and the students want Chan in and Li out. The leftists such as Beijing mouthpieces Wen Wei Po and Ta Kung Pao want it the other way. Some students and university staff are planning a vote of no confidence in Li. Both sides accuse the other of interference.

Such are the students who hounded their former vice-chancellor Tsui Lap-chee until he left without seeking another term because of his oversight over security arrangements during a state leader's visit to campus.

Interesting priorities: they had no qualms getting rid of one of the world's great geneticists, but fight over a relatively minor appointment for a local legal scholar whose work and administrative skills are, to say the least, not universally admired.

Let me make a novel suggestion. Have a look at the council members' list. Li notwithstanding, you have members who are student leaders and staff reps as well as independent professors, a top journalist and business figures who may be from the establishment but are hardly pro-Leung.

Let them sort it out. It's their job, not yours.

Videos:

Internet comments:

- Did they say that the radical elements came to exploit the chaos? But I don't see Captain America Andy Yung waving the British Dragon-Lion flag for Hong Kong independence, or Ng "Capone" Ting-Pong beating up policemen, or Eric "The Painter" Poon molesting under-aged girls.

- Beating up senior citizens and bullying children are the forte of the Hong Kong Localists. Of course, they flee when the South-east Asians show up.
- Actually, they call "999" for police assistance.

- (Speakout HK @ YouTube)
0:15 (Radio host) Your first issue is about the appointments made by CY Leung. Do you know how many university council members are appointed by CY Leung?
0:21 (Billy Fung, Hong Kong University Student Union president) There are six plus one. That is to say, six council members are nominated by CY Leung. The University Council chairman is also appointed by CY Leung.
0:31 (Radio host) But if you checked, CY Leung has actually appointed only one (university council member).
0:34 (Fung) Oh, I know, I know. That is to say ... maybe ... maybe ... or perhaps I ... to be exact ...

(Explanation) The Hong Kong SAR Chief Executive can appoint six council members plus the chairman. However, five of those six plus the chairman were appointed by former Chief Executive Donald Tsang Yam-kuen.

- (RTHK) When Hong Kong University Student Union president Billy Fung Jing-en was asked whether he opened the door to let the student enter the meeting room, he replied that the university campus belongs to the students. Therefore, there is no place that the students cannot go.

Relevant video of Billy Fung making his famous statement.

- Unfortunately,  there are still places that some of those students can't go; namely, mainland China because they don't have valid "Return Home Cards". So if the University Council decides to hold its meetings in Shenzhen, there won't be any protestors to harass them.

- Really? Here is a list of places on campus that students can now go at will.
--- Male students can enter women's restrooms and vice versa.
--- Male students can rape women and vice versa.
--- Students can enter the Bursar's Office and open the locked safe.
--- Students can open up the ATM machines and take the cash.
--- Students can enter the Records Office, rifle through the files and read/alter student grades (their own and others).

- This is a perfect exhibition of Occupy Central logic from Hong Kong University students (see Alex Chow On The Record): "The problem is that you are saying that the roads belong to the Occupy people. I want to fight for civil nomination, I want to fight for democracy. Therefore I occupy the road." This becomes: "The problem is that you are saying that the university facilities belong to the students. I want Johannes Chan become the pro vice-chancellor. Therefore I occupy the meeting room."

- Hong Kong belongs to the people of Hong Kong. But the People's Liberation Army has a garrison in Admiralty. Let's see if you can enter the barracks at will.

- (dbc @ YouTube)
0:01 (Radio host) Yesterday did you deliberately open the door to let the students in during the break?
0:06 (Hong Kong University Student Union president Billy Fung) The students decide on what they do or not do. I went to use the restroom because of a natural physical urge. This is a mass movement. Right? Also, the masses/students decide on what they want to do.
0:20 (Radio host) If you use this kind of method to deal with appointments, your ties ...
0:28 (sound of telephone being disconnected)
0:30 (Radio host) The phone is disconnected. It does not matter. Let us continue our discussion. We tried to reach Billy Fung by phone, but nobody is picking up the phone.
0:39 (Radio host) I am somewhat dissatisfied. Dissatisfied about what? First of all, if you are in public service. No matter how late you worked last night, if you promised the media, you should show up. I understand that he is very tired. Secondly, he said that the actions of the individuals are not his responsibility. As the Student Union president, it is wrong for him to evade in this manner. Why? Because he is the Hong Kong Student Union president and the people outside are his fellow students. If he doesn't feel that he can direct those people outside, he should not have issued the call for those people to wait outside.

Relevant video of how Billy Fung opened the door for the other students to rush in.

- (HKG Pao) Ming Pao ex-chief editor Kevin Lau said that HKU Council member Arthur Li asked Johannes Chan to take the job and then resign immediately. The students surrounded Li and called him shameless. Now Johannes Chan has come out to state that Arthur Li did no such thing. So what are the chances that Kevin Lau and the students will apologize to Arthur Li?
- The more interesting aspect is that Johannes Chan said nothing when Kevin Lau first made the accusation in the newspaper. Based upon Lau's information, the students surrounded Arthur Li and cursed him. Arthur Li told the students to check with Johannes Chan himself about whether this was true. Only then did Johannes Chan come out and confirmed that Arthur Li did no such thing. His excuse: he only wanted to maintain a low profile. Chan said that someone on the University Council asked through a middleman for Chan to withdraw, but that person was not Arthur Li.

- Today the students illegally entered the meeting room, they prevented some of the university council members such as Arthur Li from leaving and they interfered with the ambulances carrying some council members who were feeling uncomfortable. But the deepest impression on me is this short 8-second YouTube clip of Arthur Li being followed by someone screaming: "Puk gai (Wikipedia)! Arthur Li, you stinking puk gai! May your whole family be wiped out!" It is sad to see this coming from university students.

- Hong Kong University is heavily subsidized by the government. Therefore the government should have some oversight as to what goes on over there. Of course, the HKU Last Line of Defence may feel differently. They can try to privatize the university and reject all government subsidies, and then they can do whatever they want.

- The students think that Arthur Li should leave because he did not graduate from Hong Kong University and therefore should not be on the university council. Well, if that is the criterion, then Hong Kong University president Peter Mathieson should be the first to go because his degrees are from London Hospital Medical College and Cambridge University.

- New motto for Hong Kong University: "Tomorrow's waste products."

- The television news videos of last night's incident will always be available to remind us that HKU = HK Ugly. There was a time when a Hong Kong University degree will confer elite status. This year, the Hong Kong University graduates will be facing a challenge to get a desirable (or any) job based upon what happened during Occupy Central and now we have this incident.

- The unnamed middleman who relayed the message to Johannes Chan to quit is the same one who offered $100 million to League of Social Democrats legislator Leung Kwok-hung to vote for the constitutional reform proposal. They are anonymous because they are fictional. Until the person is actually named, it will be assumed to be fictional. And since Johannes Chan has a credibility problem, he is unfit to become pro vice-chancellor.
- They are recycling the same old script. How about showing some creativity, huh?

- This is the same old song. In June of last year, protestors who opposed the Legco's budget allocation to explore the development of North East New Territories broke the police line to enter the Legco building. The incident led to much discussion, but about the action and no longer about the underlying issue itself. At the time, a number of pan-democrats immediately condemned the action.

Yesterday about 50 persons charged into the conference room. Since Billy Fung had stated that this was an option, the university council could have taken the necessary steps to stop this. But they did not. While there is no direct evidence that this was entrapment, the fact is that many members of the public are riled by the action. Their disgust meant that they won't think any further about the issue itself. This is the modus operandi of the CY Leung administration, which has been successful each time. Young activists will be facing more of the same in the future, so they need to figure out to deal with such situations.

- Johannes Chan is the perpetrator of the legendary Hong Kong 818 incident.

On 16 August 2011 Li Keqiang began a three-day visit to promote development between Hong Kong and Mainland China.[1] His itinerary included promoting the inclusion of Hong Kong in the Communist party 12th Five Year-Plan to promote financial co-operation. Li said he came to Hong Kong to "walk around more, look around more and listen more" (多走走、多看看、多聽聽) to the local people's concerns. He first visited the Hong Kong Housing Authority headquarters and a centre for the elderly to emphasise the overpriced housing market and ageing population as the two top issues.

On 18 August, the last day of the three-day visit, Li visited the University of Hong Kong as part of the university's 100th anniversary celebrations. To provide security for the event, the Hong Kong Police, led by Commissioner Andy Tsang Wai-hung, assumed control of the school and created a core security zone that prevented anyone from approaching Li.

During Li's visit, the school was placed into lockdown by the police. Students and alumni were kept far away during his visit. Three students who attempted to approach Li were blocked by police and thrown to the ground:

Students involved in the incident: Wong Kai-hing (黃佳鑫), of Hong Kong Polytechnic University Tang Kin-wa (鄧建華), of Lingnan University Samuel Li Shing-hong (李成康) of University of Hong Kong

Samuel Li in particular was dragged off and locked up in a staircase for an hour. According to Johannes Chan, the Dean of the Faculty of Law at HKU, keeping the students in the zone constituted false imprisonment and could be the basis for a civil suit against the police.

(SKWMSEHK) February 26, 2015.

In the Hong Kong 818 incident, Johannes Chan jumped out to say that the circumstantial evidence exists for the case of "false imprisonment" of the students by the police. He did this before he got the facts. A Hong Kong University investigative committee established that Simon Li Shing-hong had been free to leave anytime that he wanted.

Would Hong Kong University School of Law ex-dean Johannes Chan care to comment on whether the circumstantial evidence established that the students falsely imprisoned university council members Arthur Li, Ayesha Macpherson and others?

- An analysis of the slogans held by the Hong Kong University students:

 

"Lay siege to the university council, restore Hong Kong University": How does laying siege to the university council members restore Hong Kong University? You have no goals, no strategies, no tactics. You are just doing whatever it takes to get on evening television news.

"Safeguard HKU's autonomy": As Ip Kin-yuen said, those who surrounded the council members in the parking lot are outsiders. Those people are definitely violating HKU's autonomy. You should find out who they are and stop them.

"Defend our school's century-long accomplishments": Thanks to your activities over the past year, you have destroyed the century-long foundation of the school. Who is going to hire a HKU graduate given what they just saw on television? You are not defending your school; you are destroying it.

"The chancellor does not represent me": Indeed, the chancellor does not represent you; he represents the university as a whole. Conversely, you represent yourself and you do not represent the university as a whole.

- (Oriental Daily) July 29, 2015. Late last night, the Hong  Kong University Student Union sent a letter to the students. It said that its actions "may be imperfect" but it refused resolutely to apologize. The Student Union acknowledged that the action led to "no material gains" but that doesn't mean that the resistance effort is finished. They urged the students to resist together.

Well, it is one step forward for them to acknowledge that there was no material gains. Occupy Central is still declaring a glorious victory for the People.

(Oriental Daily) July 11, 2015.

The Localists called for citizens to chase the middle-aged Chinese female singers away from the Tuen Mun Town Park this afternoon. The police put up a massive presence and questioned/inspected/searched all those who appeared to be participants in the event.

(Oriental Daily) July 11, 2015.

About ten members of Love Hong Kong set up a street booth on Sai Yeung Choi Street South, and were besieged by about 30 members of Civic Passion and Hong Kong Indigenous Both sides screamed at each other with megaphones. The police separated the two sides by iron barriers and police line. Many stores were shuttered as a preventative measure. At about 515pm, several members of Hong Kong Indigenous  attempted to charge the roadway, but the police stopped them.

(Oriental Daily) July 11, 2015.

At around 6pm, Love Hong Kong finished its work and left. As the Love Hong Kong people began to pack up, the Localists charged at the police line in an attempt to assault the Love Hong Kong people. The police raised the yellow banner in warning, as police officers held up pepper spray cans. The police allowed the Localists to advance after the Love Hong Kong people left. The Localists charged down Shan Tung Street and attempted to intercept the Love Hong Kong bus leaving on Nathan Road. During this time, a number of Localists and media reporters charged onto the roadway and blocked one lane, thus preventing buses from loading/unloading passengers. More than one hundred police officers formed a human wall and forced the demonstrators back onto the sidewalk. The jewelry/watch stores lowered their gates immediately.

(Oriental Daily) July 11, 2015.

After the Love Hong Kong people left, the Localists turned their attention to the middle-aged Chinese female singers on the pedestrian mall. During the shouting match, one middle-aged Chinese female singer reported being shot by an air gun. The police used pepper spray at least twice to maintain order.

(Oriental Daily) July 11, 2015.

One demonstrator was arrested today in Mong Kok. As is the standard practice, a number of masked Hong Kong Indigenous demonstrators showed up outside the Mong Kok Police Station to wave the British Dragon-Lion flag for Hong Kong independence and to demand the release of the arrestee. Some of the Localists charged onto the roadway to block vehicular traffic. The police raised the yellow flag to warn them.

(SocREC at YouTube) July 11, 2015.

(SocREC at YouTube) July 25, 2015 21:22. Localists harass the middle-aged Chinese female singers.

0:01. A middle-aged Chinese female wearing black cap and black shirt sings on the pedestrian mall.

2:17. Police form a line to block off the Localists (see the foul-mouthed beer-drinking blonde-dyed-hair woman wrapped in the British Union Jack).

7:45. Gates were lowered at a shopping center.

(Oriental Daily) July 26, 2015.

About 170 persons attended the Hong Kong Indigenous protest march from Causeway Bay to the High Court. The purpose of the march is to protest against the verdict against the four Restore Yuen Long defendants. A number of them wore masks, possibly because they didn't want to be identified. Hong Kong Indigenous called for people to show up on July 29 at the sentencing of the Yuen Long Four. They do not exclude the possibility of taking action at the court.

The "Breast is NOT a weapon!" sign is a reference to the case of 30-year-old female defendant Ng Lai-ying, who was found guilty of assaulting a police officer after she thrust her breast at the police officer and then screamed "Sexual molestation".

(Wen Wei Po) July 27, 2015.

On July 17, magistrate Michael Chan Pik-kiu found the four defendants guilty. Yesterday during the march, a demonstrator held up the photo of magistrate Michael Chan Pik-kiu with the label "human waste." According to a person in the legal field, this act insults the magistrate and clearly constitutes a case of "contempt of court". If the individuals were found guilty, the penalty would be severe.

(Merriam-Webster) Closure

: A situation or occurrence in which something (such as a business or factory) closes forever
: A feeling that something has been completed or that a problem has been solved
: A feeling that a bad experience (such as a divorce or the death of a family member) has ended and that you can start to live again in a calm and normal way.

(Wikipedia) Next Media. Next Media Limited, founded by Jimmy Lai, has 4,041 employees (as of 30 Sep 2013) and is the largest-listed media company in Hong Kong ... Next Media publications are also known for highly sensationalized articles which attract a wide range of readers, including critics. Next Media has often taken a clear and sometimes proactive support for democratic groups in Hong Kong.

(Oriental Daily) July 16, 2015.

According to Next Media, its yearly profit ending March 2015 fell 31.58% to HK$ 164 million. In terms of yearly operating profit, the drop was 50.32%. During this period, books/magazines and printing business income fell by 18% to record a loss of HK$25.73 million. Previously, the half-year loss ending September 2014 had only been HK$ 4.56 million.

During 2014-2015, Apple Daily earned HK$ 607 million, which is a 24.6% decline. The advertising revenues were HK$ 343 million, which is a 31.3% decline. Newspaper copy sales also declined, so that distribution revenues dropped 13.6% to HK$ 264 million. Apple Daily (Taiwan) saw a total decrease of 18.3% in revenues, with advertising dropping 16.2% and distribution dropping 23.5%. Printing dropped 18.7%.

Yesterday, share prices for Next Media was at HK$ 0.74, which is a 83% drop from the peak value.

(Oriental Daily) July 17, 2015.

According to the Next Media Trade Union on July 16, Next Weekly will be reducing its staff by 50%. Those who have worked five years or less will receive a compensation of one month's pay. Those who have worked five to ten years will receive two months' pay. Those who have worked ten years or more will receive three months' pay. Next Weekly will decide its future in mid-September. This is supposed to be a voluntary retirement plan.

On July 17, it was announced that this was a compulsory layoff in which more than 40 workers from Books A/B of Next Weekly will be fired.

(Oriental Daily) July 20, 2015.

On July 17, Next Weekly laid off 40 workers. Today, Sudden Weekly announced that it will cease publication next month. Previously it was rumored that Sudden Weekly would discontinue its print edition while preserving its online edition. Today, Next Media has decided to close both editions and lay off 70 workers.

The last edition of Sudden Weekly will appear on August 7th, which happens to be the 20th anniversary of its first edition.

(Oriental Daily) July 21, 2015.

Next Media Trade Union met with Next Media management to discuss the future. Afterwards the Next Media Trade Union said that there will be more adjustments for the new combination of Next Weekly, Eat & Travel Weekly and ME!, as well as FACE.

(SCMP) 70 editorial staff laid off at Hong Kong's Sudden Weekly entertainment magazine. July 21, 2015.

Seventy Sudden Weekly editorial staff were laid off yesterday with Next Media set to close the entertainment magazine next month and combine three other publications to save costs. The move came less than a week after the group began cutting jobs at its flagship publication Next Magazine with the aim of slashing the workforce by half within two months.

Sudden Weekly chief executive officer Chiu Wai-kin said last night the final print and online issues of the 20-year-old magazine would appear on August 7. Eat And Travel Weekly and fashion magazine ME!, both Sudden Weekly supplements, will combine with Next Magazine from August 16. Chiu said a shrinking advertising market had led to deficits.

Next Media Trade Union said it was "extremely distressed" by the decision, and colleagues were angry because they had found out through news reports. Union chairman Alvin Wong Wai-chun said it would meet the group's chief executive for the print media division, Ip Yut-kin, today and seek compensation for sacked staff. It said more than 100 members in the Next group had been laid off since Friday.

(EJinsight) Why readers will continue to buy Next Magazine. July 21, 2015.

Embattled print media group Next Media decided on Monday to stop publishing its entertainment title Sudden Weekly next month. It is one of the moves the media group has taken to address its falling advertising revenue and tumbling circulation amid the fast-changing reading habits in the city. However, its move has failed to answer the question: Why do readers need to buy its magazines?

Next Medias management appears to be putting too much focus on transforming its flagship newspaper Apple Daily from a print medium to an online news portal. Among local newspapers, Apple Daily seems to have been successful in undertaking such as transformation. 

Action News, its video news service, is the most popular among online video platforms in Hong Kong. In fact, it has become a small-scale news channel on the internet. But Next Media management doesnt appear to have prepared well on how to transform the groups weekly titles. It seems the plan is simply to shut down the print product and focus on the digital edition. But the fact remains that readers wont patronize the magazines online edition if they dont like the content whether in print or digital form  in the first place.

Thats the core of the problem of Next Magazine: how to differentiate its content from its online and print competitors so that it could stand out with a unique market position.

Since its debut in 1990, Next Magazine has established an image of a fearless and outspoken advocate of truth and democracy to its readers. But this shining reputation was somehow dimmed by other facets of its news gathering operations, including its paparazzi teams who target celebrities as well as its focus on triad, erotic and crime news.

This has prevented Next from expanding its readership from the mass market to the middle class, despite the fact that readers recognize Next for its watchdog role.

In 2003, the Chinese government tagged Next Magazine and Apple Daily, along with radio talk show hosts Albert Cheng Jing-han and Raymond Wong Yuk-man, as the principal agitators who mobilized half a million Hongkongers in a rally against the legislation of Article 23 of the Basic Law, which people fear would restrict their freedoms. Beijings reaction indicated that Next Magazine has a strong capability to play a key role in monitoring the wrongdoings of both Hong Kong and Chinese authorities. But such an outspoken stance cost Next Magazine dearly; it lost hundreds of millions of dollars in advertising revenue from tycoons and their large corporations.

Hong Kongs media landscape has undergone massive changes since Leung Chun-Ying became chief executive. Most print media have become virtual mouthpieces of Beijing, but Next Magazine remains an exception.

Next Medias management should not blame the rise of free online news for the decline of Next Magazine. It should seize the opportunity to take a proactive response to the market by repositioning Next as the citys only outspoken newsweekly, rather than just selling the magazine with other entertainment and leisure titles for a combo price of HK$20.

Some industry observers commented that Next Magazine should condense its content offering by focusing on investigative reporting, business stories and quality columns and dropping its costly paparazzi stories to retain its loyal readers.

Next readers do not mind paying a premium for unique content. Next Media management could even raise the cover price of Next Magazine to HK$30 or HK$40 a copy in order to maximize its revenue from a group of loyal readers.

Next Media said the Sudden Weekly bundle  Sudden Weekly, Me, a fashion title, and Eat and Travel Weekly, a leisure title  will no longer exist after the bundle releases its last issue on Aug. 13. The 70-member staff of Sudden Weekly will be laid off. The remaining two titles of the bundle, Me and Eat and Travel, will be part of the Next Magazine bundle from August. Face Magazine, which targets young readers, will not be affected.

The decision indicates that the company management will continue to support Next Magazine while dismantling the Sudden Weekly titles. But whether the new combo will attract enough readers to pay for the titles remains a big question market. That could be a risk as current Sudden readers may not want to pay HK$5 more to continue reading Me and Eat and Travel from the new Next combo. Some market observers believe the new combo will help stabilize Next Magazines circulation and prevent it from further decline. But whether the title will report a growth in circulation is still too early to say.

No doubt print media is entering an ice age, but media executives and editors should not solely blame online competitors for their poor performance. Readers will always consider the quality of content in choosing titles. 

The success stories of the New York Times and the Financial Times in the western world have proven that the paid subscription model for traditional media is still viable in the digital era. Its time for Next Magazine to get rid of its sensational journalism and return to its original mission of bringing the truth to its readers.

(HKG Pao) July 22, 2015.

So Next Media has to kill off one magazine. Which is it? Next Weekly or Sudden Weekly?

This year, Next Weekly's circulation has fallen down 15% to 60,122 copies. Sudden Weekly has also fallen down to 77,588 copies, which is almost 30% more than Next Weekly.

Next Weekly's ad revenues has fallen year after year, down to $149 million this year. Suddenly Weekly's ad revenues has fallen down to $173 million this year, which is 16% more.

Next Weekly's total revenues is $196 million while Sudden Weekly's is $217, which $21 million more.

This year, Next Media says that its magazine division lost more than $20 million this year. So which magazine is losing the money? Next Weekly or Sudden Weekly?

So which magazine would you kill off? Next Weekly carries politics, whereas Suddenly Weekly has entertainment plus food/travel.

When the decision by the Next Media management makes no money-sense, you have to look elsewhere for the explanation -- the majority shareholder apparently wants to continue to play politics, so what can the management team do?

(HKG Pao) July 25, 2015.

This year, Next Media's newspaper business revenue declined to HK$ 1,580 million while magazines fell down to HK$ 494 million. Over the last few years, these revenues have been declining at a 20% or higher per annum rate. At the same pace, Next Media will see newspapers drop by HK$ 318 million to HK$ 1,262 million and magazines down by HK$ 100 million to HK$ 394 million next year. Overall, Next Media will see a total decline of about (1580 + 494 - 1262 - 394) = HK$ 418 million in revenues. Given that the profits were HK$ 168 million this year, Next Media will see profits become a loss of (168 - 418) = HK$ 250 million if it does nothing.

Right now, Next Media has just fired 100 workers. At an average monthly salary of HK$ 30,000, this is a savings of less than HK$ 40 million. That won't be enough.

Where to cut costs? So far, they have already cut down on raw materials from HK$ 50 million to HK$ 30 million. At Next Media, salaries account for 51% of the total costs. Next Media has 2,200 workers in Hong Kong costing HK$ 1,400 million per annum. Where else can they look to cut costs except to fire more workers?

So which departments will be devastated in the upcoming layoffs?

There are 966 workers at the newspaper and printing departments and they earned HK$ 1,500 million. There are 825 workers at the magazines and they earned HK$ 495 million. Meanwhile over in Taiwan, their magazine division only has 275 workers. So it is obvious that they will axe more magazine workers.

The magazine division is likely to earn HK$ 100 million less next year. So far, they axed 100 persons to save less than HK$ 40 million. How many more people would have to be laid off?

Are the Next Media Internet operations doing well? So far, they have increased revenues by 70% to HK% 600 million this year. However, profits were only $30 million. Therefore, the Internet division is just running a 5% profit like many traditional media operations.

Internet comments:

- The demise of Next Media can be laid directly to Occupy Central. Because Next Media went all out to support Occupy Central, businesses stopped placing advertisements with Next Media. When the magazines lost advertisements, they become thinner because they have fewer ad pages and fewer sponsorships and also because they have less money to spend on developing content. When they become thinner, readers lose interest. This is a vicious cycle.

- As the sayings goes, "If you believe 10% of what Apple Daily says, you will go blind in both eyes." Even for a regular reader, by the time that the tenth Apple Daily story that you forwarded to your friends is revealed as bogus, you will lose the motive to forward any more.

- Amongst Apple Daily's all-time BIG LIE is the case of Chan Kin-hong:

(SCMP) November 11, 1998.

The Apple Daily newspaper yesterday gave over its entire front page to an apology for its reports on controversial widower Chan Kin-hong.

Owner Jimmy Lai Chee-ying, who signed the apology, said the incident had been handled improperly, although he insisted the paper had not, as alleged, paid $5,000 directly to Mr Chan. He described the reports as 'sensational' and pledged a review of the newspaper's practices. 'The inappropriate way of handling the stories made the readers and the public dissatisfied and led to strong criticism. I and the editorial management of the paper are uneasy and sorry about it,' he wrote.

Mr Chan, 41, drew media interest after his wife threw their two sons out of a window before leaping to her own death from their Sheung Shui home on October 19. She was reported to be upset about her husband's visits to mainland prostitutes. Soon afterwards, Apple Daily printed pictures of Mr Chan in bed with prostitutes in Dongguan. It said it had paid $5,000 to Mr Chan's associates.

- Yet another Apple Daily blast-from-the-past:

(SCMP) January 14, 2013.

Hong Kongs Apple Daily newspaper on Monday apologised for an erroneous front-page report, in which it wrongly quoted scandal-plagued Executive Councillor Franklin Lam Fan-keung saying he discriminated against new immigrants.

In its apology, the Chinese-language newspaper admitted that its reporters had made the mistake by failing to catch the word not in Lams sentence, part of a speech he gave at private seminar last Thursday.

The Apple Daily report, published on Sunday, quoted Lam as saying in Cantonese at the seminar: I do discriminate against new immigrants.

Lam denied having made the discriminatory remarks and expressed regret at the report. At a press conference held on Sunday afternoon on a housing survey conducted by a youth group, he replayed a tape recording covering the segment of his speech to show what he had actually said. The recording showed a voice of Lam saying: I do not discriminate against new immigrants at all. After they arrive in Hong Kong, legally they have become Hong Kong people, Hong Kong first-class citizens.

Soon after Lams denial, Apple Daily withdrew the report in question from its website.

Apple Daily chief editor Cheung Kim-hung said in its Monday apology that he had listened to the tape recording and admitted the paper had made a mistake. Cheung said the word not was uttered too softly to hear, and the mistake was due to its reporters listening problems and negligence. Even so, it is a mistake, and we have to apologise, he said.

- There is a court case against Next Weekly that will be decided shortly:

(SCMP) March 3, 2015.

A Next Magazine article had a "cancerous effect" on the prospects of mainland herbal shampoo maker BaWang International as its accusation that its products caused cancer led to a share price slump, the High Court heard yesterday.

Barrister Jason Pow SC, for BaWang, opened the case for his client's HK$500 million-plus defamation claim against the Hong Kong magazine's publisher over an article on July 14, 2010, which claimed that BaWang's shampoos contained carcinogenic substance 1,4-Dioxane.

The court heard BaWang's revenues reached 930.8 million yuan (HK$1.17 billion) in the first six months of 2010, a year-on-year rise of 36.7 per cent. Its profits also went up by 47.1 per cent.

"[The financial statement] shows how beautiful the prospect of the plaintiff's business is shortly before the publication of this article," Pow said. Pow also drew judge Mr Justice David Lok's attention to a Bank of America Merrill Lynch analyst report that painted a rosy picture of BaWang's growth before the article was published. However, the share price of BaWang, which used movie star Jackie Chan to promote its products, slumped by 20 per cent following the publication of the article, Pow said.

The barrister also accused Next Magazine, represented by Benjamin Yu SC, of failing to include BaWang's response to the allegation that three shampoos tested by the magazine contained 10 parts per million (ppm) 1,4-Dioxane.

The company's reply had included suggestions by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration in the United States that it was acceptable for consumer goods to contain up to 100 ppm 1,4-Dioxane.

On the evening of July 13, 2010, a team of Next Magazine journalists stormed BaWang's premised in Guangzhou, the court heard. The manufacturer's staff arranged a phone interview for a journalist with chief executive Wan Yuhua. Pow said staff also lined up an interview for the journalists with the Guangdong Chamber of Daily Used Chemicals. He added that the article painted "hardly a full picture" of efforts BaWang made to address Next Magazine's allegation.

- Relevant link: Kiddie Porn in Hong Kong, or How FACE came to replace EasyFinder.

- (Oriental Daily) June 22, 2015. Next Media has 128 convictions for violating the Control of Obscene and Indecent Articles Ordinance. As such, they are the industry leader by a wide margin.

- According to yet another Next Media special from Lee Wai-ling, CY Leung won't make it past January 2016 as Chief Executive. But the real question is: Will Next Media make it past January 2016?
- When Xi Jinping shook hands with John Tsang, Apple Daily reported that Tsang will replace CY Leung as Chief Executive effectively immediately. Next they reported that CY Leung has been designated to serve a second term as Chief Executive. Now they are reporting that CY Leung is going to leave before January 2016. Who is going to bother to keep track of their latest?

- According to Hong Kong University Public Opinion Programme, 1.2 million persons participated in Occupy Central. All Next Media is asking now is for each of them to spend $7 per day to buy a copy of Apple Daily. But these people have gone the way of the HKTV viewers -- they are all talk but no action. They will say that they support the cause, but they won't put their money where their mouths are.

- Apple Daily used to be the principal money-earner for Next Media. Nowadays, you pick up a copy of Apple Daily and you will be struck by its lean size. Many articles use extra large fonts in their headings to take up more space. Most of the articles are customized to fit the pre-determined political positions, which makes them repulsive to read.

- Lee Cheuk-yan and his Confederation of Trade Unions usually pounce on any labor problems, but you should expect them to go missing in action because Jimmy Lai is his biggest donor. There is no way that Lee Cheuk-yan is going to rustle up his posse and picket Jimmy Lai's Kadoorie Hill home.

Jimmy Lai and Lee Cheuk-yan are good buddies

- The Journalists Association will also go missing in action because they are a front for Next Media.

- Next Media is using its contributions to the workers' Mandatory Provident Fund (MPF) accounts to offset severance payments, thus enabling them to dismiss long-serving employees at little cost. But you should not expect Lee Cheuk-yan to object, because that was exactly what he did when he fired his own aide.

- Next Media needs to fire 50% of its workers because they want freedom, democracy, human rights, universal suffrage and rule-of-law.

- Jimmy Lai would rather donate tens of millions to the pan-democratic political parties than save the jobs of his fiction writers.

- Pity the fired Next Media workers, because no other media outlet would consider hiring them as they come from an ethics-deficient organization.

- Sudden Weekly was still profitable but Next Media is going to shut it down. Why? They could have just sold it and make some money. If Next Media has a re-organization plan, they should have announced it. Instead, they are hitting the headlines every few days with more layoffs at this or that division. This is bleeding to death by a thousand cuts.

Q. Do you think that universal suffrage of the Chief Executive can affect national security?
12.1%: Agree very much
12.9%: Agree somewhat
24.3%: Neither agree nor disagree
18.0%: Disagree somewhat
28.7%: Disagree very much
4.1%: No opinion/refused to answer

Q. Do you agree that Hong Kong must adhere to the principles of peace and non-violence in fighting for political development?
57.6%: Agree very much
21.8%: Agree somewhat
14.8%: Neither agree nor disagree
2.6%: Disagree somewhat
1.8%: Disagree very much
1.4%: No opinion/refused to answer

Q. Do you want to see CY Leung get another term as Chief Executive?
5.5%: Very much want
6.3%: Somewhat want
26.2%: So-so
13.8%: Somewhat don't want
42.8%: Very much don't what
5.3%: No opinion/refused to answer

Q1. For the coming three years, should the government focus on economic development and livelihood issues rather than on political reform?
59.6%: Agree
15.2%: Disagree
23.2%: Half-half
2.1%: Don't know/hard to say

Q2. What is the likelihood of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress retracting or changing its decision made on August 31 2014 concerning the political reform in Hong Kong.
3.7%: Definitely possible
10.2%: High possibility
50.1%: Little or slight possibility
23.8%: Completely impossible
12.3%: Don't know/hard to say

Q3. What is the political future of Hong Kong in the coming three yeasr?
12.4%: Optimistic
46.4%: Pessimistic
38.5%: Half-half/so-so
2.8%: Don't know/hard to say

Q4A. Should the current Hong Kong SAR government restart the political reform process?
42.8%: Yes
45.5%: No
11.5%: Hard to say/don't know

Q4B. Should the next Hong Kong SAR government restart the political reform process? (Base: Those who answered "No" or "Hard to say/don't know" to Q4A)
41.3%: Yes
30.7%: No
27.9%: Hard to say/don't know

Q5. Who bears the most responsibility for the failure of the political reform?
20.9%: Hong Kong SAR government
30.9%: The pan-democratic camp
24.2%: The central government
10.0%: The pro-establishment camp
4.1%: Others
9.9%: Don't know/hard to say

(Sina.com.hk) July 3, 2015.

Almost every Hongkongers has been to Mong Kok, a fashion centre of Hong Kong. Due to high rents and shifts in consumption patterns, fewer Mong Kok malls now cater to small boutiques. In the last two years, King Wah Centre and Gala Place have both brought in large-sized chain stores to steady their rental incomes.

As you walk down Sai Yeung Choi Street South, there are three fashion malls: Gala Place, King Wah Centre and Mong Kok Centre where many people can buy at good prices. Two years ago, King Wah Centre got rid of the boutiques and rented out to the Sincere Department Store. Last month, Gala Place got rid of the small boutiques and rented out its lower three floors to transnational fashion store H&M.  According to information, the rental income soared 100% to HK$ 9 million per month. Since the average H&M items sells for $300, they will have to sell 1,000 items per day in order to pay the rent without counting wages and other operational expenses.

Mong Kok Centre is still holding firm. But more renters are leaving than renting. Last month, about 20 renters declined to renew and closed. So there was the rare sight of empty stalls in the mall. Even though the owners are reducing rents, there were no takers. Things are worse now than during the SARS period.

In recently years, the rents at these malls have gone to over $100 per square feet per month, even as much as $300 per square feet per month. The typical rent is at least $25,000 per month. The boutiques sell items typically at less than $100, so they find it hard to afford the high rents.

For the owners, their renters can only take so much rental increases. Furthermore, it is hard to manage a large number of boutiques. This is what motivates the malls to change the business model and increase rental income. When King Wah Centre rented out to Sincere, the rent was $6.5 million per month, which is almost 200% more than renting to a large number of boutiques.

The demise of the fashion malls was also affected by the change in consumption patters. Those boutiques that offer cheap prices are facing competition from online shops. More Fast Fashion retailers are showing up, and they offer better quality and prices than the boutiques together with post-sales servicing. This is why Gala Place is bringing in H&M to replace the boutiques.

Internet comments:

- Nobody wants to go to Mong Kok anymore. They only have dispensaries, electronics stores, jewelry stores, etc. What people really want are the small take-out restaurants that sell egg waffles, curry fish balls and beef entrails. You can't find them in Mong Kok anymore.

- Dear keyboard warrior, when was the last time that went to Mong Kok? Just go to Dundas Street (between Fa Yuen Street and Sai Yeung Choi Street South), Sin Tat Plaza (Argyle Street), Mong Kok Road (by the Goldfish Market), Newport Cinema (Fa Yuen Street and Soy Street), Bute Street (between Sai Yeung Choi Street South and Goldfish Market). You have to be blind not to see the egg waffles, curry fish balls, beef entrails, fried chicken, grilled satay skewers ...

- It is one thing to have the Bird Market, the Flower Market and the Goldfish Market in Mong Kok, being those unique places in Hong Kong with a high concentration of specialty stores. But there is nothing special about curry fish balls etc because you can get them anywhere (Tsuen Wan, Causeway Bay, Siu San Wan, Sheung Wan, wherever). There is no point in turning Mong Kok into a place with 500 fish ball/beef entrails stalls.

- The demise of Mong Kok Centre came about for two major reasons. The first reason is Occupy Mong Kok. When regular customers found it inconvenient to come, it becomes a habit not to come. The second reason is Chinese Communist oppression in the form of Taobao, because you can find everything you need quicker, cheaper and more convenience over there.

- Who would want to go there to shop when a bunch of Yellow Ribbon Zombies yell "I want genuine universal suffrage" every night? Why would a business want to rent a space there?

- Temple Street is quintessentially local. Do you see hundreds of thousands of Hongkongers flocking there every night? Please do not kid yourself that Hongkongers really want only localism! For reference, see HKTV -- people can talk the talk, but they have to actually walk the walk.

- Yes, the Localists said that Hong Kong needs to build up an agricultural industry in order to become self-sufficient and therefore Hongkongers should move out to North East New Territories to grow organic vegetables. That's all talk and no action.

- If there is a huge demand for the products sold in the several hundred boutiques in Mong Kok Centre, that mall would be hundreds of thousands of customers spending hundreds of millions of dollars every day. But there are too few customers to even allow the boutiques to cover rent. If you want to place the blame, it goes to people who won't shop there. And it is their right to shop or not shop.

- The reason why business is falling in Mong Kok is that there are large shopping malls everywhere else. There is less need to go to Mong Kok.
- If there is no need to to go Mong Kok, then why does Hong Kong Indigenous/Hong Kong Localism/Civic Passion want to drive the mainland tourists away from Mong Kok. What do they care if the place has only dispensaries and jewelry stores if they don't go there?

- Mong Kok is not even the Central Business District. The Central Business District of Hong Kong is in Admiralty/Central. The commercial rents are the highest in Hong Kong because of the demand from multinational companies. Following the logic of the Localists, they should be out there chasing the foreigner companies away to make way for low-rent curry fish ball stalls and light manufacturing factories (like those who make plastic Christmas trees).

- Nostalgic about the bygone days on Nathan Road? When I was young, there were rattan furniture stores, coffin stores, joss paper goods stores, paper kite stores, etc. Are these businesses viable today? Besides it's all talk and no action anyway, because no young person would ever work in these places.

(Oriental Daily) July 1, 2015.

On Sai Yeung Choi Street South, someone wrote the letters RBS (or RB?) on the side of a Hong Kong Police van. The police obtained the surveillance video from a store and replayed the entire action. In this 26-second video, two foreigners in white and black clothes respectively stood in front of an electronics store and looked around. When they saw that no one was paying attention, the foreigner in black went up to write the letters while the foreigner in white filmed the action with his mobile phone. The two men then left in a hurry. At 8pm that evening, the police arrested two Australians, a 23-year-old named Colk and a 22-year-old named Adamson.

According to the information, this police van was parked outside the Bank Centre at the intersection of Nelson Street and Sai Yeung Choi Street South. It was going to serve as the command centre for the Songkran (water splashing) festival that the Localists announced. This was no ordinary Songkran because people on the Internet were suggesting using abrasives to attack people, and the police took these threats seriously.

Internet comments:

- I don't know what "RB" stands for. I do know that in Chinese, "SB" stands for "stupid cunts."
- A less common usage of "RB" in Chinese is to "fuck a cunt." Were those Aussies horny?

- What is "RBS" or "RB?"? The Australians have last names Colk and Adamson which do not contain the letters R or B. Google search says that the most commonly cited RBS for Australia is the Royal Bank of Scotland. Of all the things that I want to scratch on a police van, the "Royal Bank of Scotland" is not one of those.
- Could RB be short for "rubbish"?

- This shows that Hong Kong is a surveillance society where people can't even have the privacy when they write graffiti on police vans. I think I'll immigrate to Australia as soon as possible, because they have freedom and democracy.
- Sai Yeung Choi Street South is probably the densest surveillance spot in the universe due to the acid attacks.

(EJinsight) June 29, 2015.

Democratic Party founding chairman Martin Lee Chu-ming has called on Hong Kong people to join the July 1 protest to demand a relaunch of the political reform process after lawmakers vetoed the Beijing-backed proposal for the 2017 chief executive election, Apple Daily reported on Monday. Lee said a huge turnout will exert pressure on the government to restart the process. Echoing Lees call, Civic Party leader Alan Leong Kah-kit said the public should participate in the march to show Beijing that Hong Kong people will not give up their fight for genuine universal suffrage.

According to the Civil Human Rights Front, around 100,000 people are expected to turn up for the march.

Lee said fighting for genuine universal suffrage has been the theme of each years July 1 march. With that objective yet to be achieved, people should come out on Wednesday to pursue the fight, he said. Lee noted that there are still two years before 2017, giving the government enough time to table another political reform proposal that would either ignore election framework issued by the National Peoples Congress Standing Committee on Aug. 31, 2014, or at least offer a higher degree of democracy.

Democratic Party chairwoman Emily Lau Wai-hing said the July 1 march, aside from seeking to restart the electoral reform process, will also raise other issues, including high property prices and the overloading of the public health system.

Executive Council convenor Lam Woon-kwong said on Sunday he does not see any chance for the the electoral reform process to be restarted within the foreseeable future.

(Oriental Daily) June 30, 2015.

This year the Civil Human Rights Front have set the theme as "Build a democratic Hong Kong, take back the future of our city." The sub-themes include amending the Basic Law and other items. They applied to the police for a 100,000-strong march. However, the consensus is that the turnout will much lower than in recent years and no group has declared Occupy Central II, the police will be marshaling only 3,000 police officers (which is 1/3 of the force amassed for the Legislative Council vote on the constitutional reform proposal."

Since the Civil Human Rights Front is known to deliberately slow down the march, this time the police will clear the way for the lead car so that there can be no excuse. Furthermore, because hot weather is expected, the police will arrange for the marchers to start even before 3pm if the soccer fields are 85% filled already.

(Oriental Daily) June 30, 2015.

Certain Localists have declared that they will hold "water splashing festivals" in Mong Kok, Tuen Mun, Hung Hom and Sha Tin in order to defend Localism. As of noon today, almost 100 people said that they will participate. One netizen suggested: "The dispensaries sell disinfectants which will combust spontaneously when mixed with glyceride oil." Another netizen corrected him: "Spontaneous combustion is too fast. Mustard seeds are better because you don't feel anything at first but 12 hours later your skin will burn."

The police said that they are concerned, because the designated areas are crowded with people. The police remind people to obey the law and look after their personal safety.

(Oriental Daily) July 1, 2015.

The Civil Human Rights Front planned to start the march at 3pm, but they did not start until 330pm. It is not known whether this has to do with the sparse attendance. The marchers occupied less than one soccer field.

(SCMP) Marchers thin at Victoria Park as July 1 pro-democracy protest kicks off. July 1, 2015.

The annual July 1 march kicked off at Victoria Park at 3pm, with demonstrators set to march on the Hong Kong government headquarters though some pro-democracy activists have predicted a lower turnout.

The Civil Human Rights Front, the organiser of the pro-democracy march, held a rally at Victoria Park in Causeway Bay at 2pm but crowds only filled about one and a half soccer pitches.

With 10 minutes to go till kick-off, the soccer fields near the Causeway Bay entrance to the park were either empty or only filled with a few people including the march organisers, dozens of Falun Gong practitioners and journalists. More people were filing in through the Tin Hau entrance of the park. The crowd began filtering out of the park at about 3.25pm. By 4.30pm, police had reopened Causeway Road, the first part of the march route, to traffic.

(Oriental Daily) July 1, 2015.

July 1st size estimates

2009: Civil Human Rights Front 76,000; Hong Kong Police 28,000
2010: Civil Human Rights Front 52,000; Hong Kong Police 20,000
2011: Civil Human Rights Front 218,000; Hong Kong Police 54,000
2012: Civil Human Rights Front 400,000; Hong Kong Police 63,000
2013: Civil Human Rights Front 430,000; Hong Kong Police 66,000
2014: Civil Human Rights Front 510,000; Hong Kong Police 98,600
2015: Civil Human Rights Front 48,000; Hong Kong Police 19,650

For 2015, the Hong Kong Police estimated about 6,240 persons started out from Victoria Park. At 3pm, two soccer fields were half-occupied. Therefore the organizers delayed the start and appealed to those who want to join in the middle to come down to Victoria Park to make the starting crowd more presentable.

(Commercial Radio) July 1, 2015.

Hong Kong University Department of Statistics and Actuarial Science professor Paul Yip conducted research along the route and estimated that between 18,000 and 22,000 marched.

(Hong Kong University Public Opinion Programme) July 1st, 2015.

The Hong Kong University Public Opinion Programme estimated that 28,000 persons marched.

(SCMP) Protest fatigue and lack of clear goal blamed for slump in July 1 rally turnout. July 1, 2015.

The turnout for the July 1 rally for democracy yesterday plunged to the lowest since 2008, with observers and marchers blaming protest fatigue and the lack of an obvious goal after the rejection of the government's electoral reform package.

The Civil Human Rights Front, the organiser of the annual pro-democracy march, last night put the turnout at 48,000, compared with last year's 510,000. Police said the number of marchers peaked at a mere 19,650, compared with 98,600 last year. The University of Hong Kong's public opinion programme put the turnout at around 28,000, compared with 162,000 last year. Professor Paul Yip Siu-fai, an HKU statistician, estimated around 20,000 people took part in the march.

Front convenor Daisy Chan Sin-ying admitted the turnout was lower than expected. "After the vote on the reform package, there is no burning issue so people may not feel any urgency to protest," she said. But she disagreed it meant people had given up on the fight for democracy or considered the march useless. She also dismissed suggestions that the low turnout indicated a lack of public support for their call for an amendment to the Basic Law.

Ivan Choy Chi-keung, a political scientist at Chinese University, attributed it to post-Occupy fatigue and the lack of urgent political issues. "A growing number of protesters also believe the city should no longer stick to peaceful protests in achieving democracy in the wake of the Occupy sit-ins," Choy said.

(Post 852) July 1st, 2015.

The Civil Human Rights Front announced the crowd size for the 2015 July 1st march was 48,000, which is a lot less than the 510,000 for 2014. When you see that apart from the Falun Gong, only soccer fields 4, 5 and 6 have people standing there, you knew this was happening.

The two main themes of the Civil Human Rights Front this year were: "Build democracy in Hong Kong" and "Take back the future of our city." The five slogans were "CY Leung resign," "hold the black police responsible," "rescind the public security rules and regulations", "eliminate the nomination committee" and "amend the Basic Law."

I was not standing at the head of the procession, so I don't know what was happening there. But in the middle and back of the procession, I heard a few isolated "CY Leung resign" but I never heard the other slogans. So the Civil Human Rights Front had a problem this year with publicizing things.

Actually not only the participants but the political parties and groups did not care much about the slogans of the march. Frankly, they were more interested in exhibiting their own products and propaganda.

Last year, the Occupy Movement was the main theme of the July 1st march. Even if the political parties have different positions, they can only react to the Occupy Movement in their own style. So there was a clear theme. But this year the slogans don't have a leading theme. Furthermore, "Amend the Basic Law" and "Build a democratic Hong Kong" are not positions that all political parties and groups concur with.

With respect to the street booths, there were many more local organizations. This is in response to the call for micro-level cultivation in the post-Occupy era. But it is noteworthy that while the Occupy Central with Love and Peace booth caught a lot of attention, it is less so this year. Also, the Federation of Students are less prominent now that half the universities have withdrawn.

Even the pro-establishment booths that were meant to counter the march were non-descriptive.

After the Umbrella Movement and the veto of the constitutional reform bill, it is natural that the number of marchers should fall due to the lack of issues. The carnivalization of the march is not a big problem. When an issue arises, there will be a carnival again. The political parties and social groups need support, and they cannot be criticized for soliciting donations on July 1st.

But the Civil Human Rights Front was even more disappointing than the fall in numbers or the Carnivalization. Given what was happening in the afternoon, there shouldn't be any statements about "hopefully the number of participants will match the same level as last year." They were also open about "amending the Basic Law." Also it was unnecessary to "feel astonishment" that someone would hold a Hong Kong independence flag and promote Hong Kong independence at a time when Localism is so widespread.

(SCMP) Critics have harsh words for Hong Kong's democracy march and rally. July 2, 2015.

While thousands flocked to Victoria Park yesterday to participate in the annual pro-democracy rally and march, there was no shortage of harsh words from their opponents. Some dismissed it as "pointless". Others said they were fed up with the seemingly endless protests of the past year and wanted harmony.

The Civil Human Rights Front, which organised the event, was banking on public discontent with the government after last year's Occupy protests to turn it into another massive anti-government display. The Occupy protesters took over roads in Mong Kok, Admiralty and Causeway Bay to press Beijing to give Hong Kong what they considered "genuine universal suffrage".

Nothing was achieved, though, and the campaign, characterised by violent conflicts between supporters, opponents and police, ended after 79 days.

Yesterday morning in Taikoo Shing, Loren Lau, a 50-year-old administrative officer, said she was not interested in joining the marchers because "they are too extreme". She dismissed the young activists as "spoiled children" who only offered criticism but no solutions. "Democracy doesn't mean you want your way only," she said.

In Central, waiter Edwin Chung Long-win, 20, said his father forced him to join the July 1 rallies in the past, but he did not support the activists' demands and feared the march could degenerate into violence. "Their idea of freedom isn't mine. The 'umbrella movement' was only propaganda. [The protesters] damaged public property and fought with police officers," Chung said.

Accountant Susan Chan, 33, of Causeway Bay, had also marched in the past but said she was fed up with the "pan-democrats' anti-everything attitude" and decided not to take part this year. "I don't quite follow the pan-democrats' logic. When the government allows all people one man, one vote, they say no and reject the political reform. Now they come out and say they will fight for democracy for us," Chan said. "Hong Kong people would have been able to elect our chief executive but for the pan-democrats."

The political reform proposed by the government was voted down 28-8 in the Legislative Council last month after 31 pro-establishment lawmakers walked out in a failed attempt to delay the vote. Without the support of the 27 pan-democrats, the reform package could not get the two-thirds majority in the legislature required for it to pass anyway.

Secondary school teacher William Li, 54, said he did not think protests were effective in pressuring the government. "I have joined several marches after the Occupy movement and the turnout was so low. People seem to have turned to more radical action, like storming the Legislative Council." Li was once a regular at the July 1 marches but decided to stay at home this year.

High school pupil Dominic Wan, 18, chose to spend the day shopping. "We don't have anything to complain about. I'm not too fond of this Occupy thing. I don't believe it's good for Hong Kong. [They] annoy a lot of people. I think Hong Kong is good as it is. I think we depend on China."

Restaurant manager Michael Lee, 45, said: "What I want is a more peaceful Hong Kong. Since the Occupy movement, I have been feeling a sense of insecurity. The city is not as safe as it was before."

(SCMP) We dont want Hong Kong independence: July 1 march organisers refuse to side with localists. July 2, 2015.

The organisers of yesterdays annual Hong Kong pro-democracy rally have distanced themselves from localists advocating independence from China for the city.

Daisy Chan Sin-ying, convener of the Civil Human Rights Front which organised the march, said the group did not think that Hong Kong should seek independence. The front actually does not hold such a view [on Hong Kong independence], she said during an RTHK talk show today.

She said the group, in demanding to amend the Basic Law to solve the citys constitutional and livelihood issues, was a move that followed the one country, two systems framework. The Basic Law gives Hong Kong a high degree of autonomy except for military and diplomatic matters ... The problem is only that the central government is not implementing what is stated in the Basic Law, she said. It is not that there is an urgent need for Hong Kong to seek independence.

Chan made the remarks after a handful of localists joined yesterdays rally, standing in front of the organisers big banner and leading the marchers at one point. The localists brandished the colonial-era Hong Kong flag, a symbol now seen as advocating independence.

She said the front was shocked by the localists action and its stalwarts argued with them in asking that they refrain from trying to lead the march.

Videos:

(The Epoch Times) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=19e0-5TmGRc Victoria Park  crowd
(The Epoch Times) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uLeVyJxnYK4 The head of the procession
(The Epoch Times) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h7QnQt0J7EQ Falun Gong banner demanding the prosecution of Jiang Zemin

(Bastille Post) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pud-TZ9m9qg

(dbc) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4Ygh0qGqo1w Quarreling between opposite camps

(INT News Channel) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Hg7T9HlLHXA Police surrounded the Scholarism station.
(INT News Channel) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UuRgSs8mcO0 News report

(Passion TImes) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V1lLMMH-2_k Civic Passion screaming at pro-establishment people

Internet comments:

- Low attendance this year? I am going to bring out the beer and peanuts, and watch how the Yellow Ribbons tell me where the silver lining in the cloud is. Some candidates:

--- They are saving their energy to beat up the police dogs tonight in Mong Kok

--- They are holding acid/water splashing festivals elsewhere (Mong Kok, Sha Tin, etc)

--- July 1st (Wednesday) is only a public holiday and most people have to work

--- It's okay as long as they keep sending the donation checks in. Yon don't have to go to a wedding banquet, but your present must arrive.

--- They are waiting for Lau Wong-fat to show up before they start.

--- They only gave away 300 free-shirts. But that proves the people did not come out here for freebies today.

--- The Chinese Communists re-opened Lai Yuen Amusement Park and drew away the missing people.

--- The world is small small small small

--- Audrey Eu said that fewer people came out because people are no longer worried about the constitutional reform proposal being passed in the Legislative Council.

--- (Oriental Daily) Occupy Central founder Benny Tai said that the number of marchers this year exceeded his expectations. Therefore, you can put aside any idea of low attendance this year. Thank you.
- When there are numerous marchers, Benny Tai said that it is great. When there are very few marchers, Benny Tai says that it is great. Things are always great for Benny Tai.

--- When the June 4th attendance was lower than expected, they said that people were saving themselves for the big show on July 1st. When the July 1st attendance was lower than expected, they said that people were still fatigued from Occupy Central/constitutional reform. What will be the excuse for the next big event, namely the District Council elections in November?

--- Wait, they are predicting a 1.2 million turnout for the anniversary of September 28 when the Hong Kong Police used tear gas against demonstrators. That would be before the November elections.

--- Democratic Party chairwoman Emily Lau says that there have been too many large assemblies such as the June 4th march and the June 4th candlelight vigil, and so citizens are fatigued. She expressed concern that citizens may come down from heat stroke. Aha, so we now find out that the June 4th events occurred for the first time in 2015, or else all previous ones were held in cool weather.

- Former Federation of Students secretary-general Alex Chow said that the low number does not mean that the democratic forces have vanished. It only proves that "when the need arises, there will be resistance." He explained that the citizens do not have any sense of urgency to march because the government's constitutional reform proposal has been vetoed.
- Is Chow trying to say that the citizens really wanted urgently not to have one-person-one-vote and now they are very content with the outcome?

- Former Federation of Students deputy secretary-general Lester Shum said that he had expected a big drop in the number of marchers. He said that democratic movements necessarily go through peaks and troughs. Therefore, it is meaningless to say that the movement is dead when the numbers are low and that there can't be 500,000 every year.

- The mainland official media criticized the slogan of "Amend the Basic Law" as being radical but also as pointless as the demand to move the exchange rate to one Hong Kong dollar for 100 American dollars.

...

- It is also possible that the organizers may refuse to release a number, saying that the only important thing is the marchers today represent the will of the people of Hong Kong. They can persuade the Hong Kong University Public Opinion Programme from releasing their data in return for a sizeable donation. But they can't stop the Hong Kong Police from issuing a crowd estimate, which becomes the one and only official estimate.

- A soccer field can easily accommodate 100,000 persons: Camp Nou.
- Can they beat the 85,000 at the Sha Tin Racecourse on the third day of the Lunar New Year? (Apple Daily)
- Can they beat the number for the new Lai Yuen Amusement Park? That's 10,000 in the first three hours.
- Can they beat the number for those who lined up to get tickets for July 1st Open Day at the People's Liberation Army barracks in Shek Kong? That's 18,000. Another 12,000 went to the PLA base at Stonecutters Island.
- Can they beat the number for the Ikea's Midnight Madness Sale at MegaBox in Kowloon Bay? (see photo)

- The police said that they have 3,000 officers on duty. Are there more police officers than marchers?
- Stupid! The 3,000 police officers are on the ground and therefore they are counted among the marchers. What the number that the organizers make up, you make sure to subtract 3,000 from it.
- And Falun Gong pays 1,000 people to march. So you make sure to subtract another 1,000.
- And there must be 1,000 so-called photojournalists. So you make sure to subtract another 1,000.
- And there are 3,000 Filipina maids demanding a pay raise to $4,500 per month. So you make sure to subtract another 3,000. (Note: If they are demanding a pay raise for themselves, then they cannot be fighting for democracy. A public referendum among Hong Kong voters would only lower their wages!)

- Well, when they filled six soccer fields on June 4th, they claimed 500,000 persons. Now they have only 1-1/2 fields, so that is still 500,000 x 1.5 / 6 = 125,000. This is more than the 100,000 that they predicted at first. Things have never been better.

- When they started out, the police counted 6,420 persons. Somehow another 48,000 - 6,420 = 41,580 joined in later. Well, what is the point of assembling and setting out when practically everybody shows up later?

- The police said that 6,420 started out from Victoria Park. These are the traditional pan-democrats who assembled there by habit. This is a much lower number than in previous year and suggests that this base has eroded severely. The first reason is Occupy Central, which ended after 79 days with absolutely nothing gained. The second reason is the constitutional reform, where the veto now means that there is no chance for universal suffrage in at least ten years. Given these reasons, what would anyone want the pan-democrats to continue to lead the way?

The police said that the peak number was 19,650. The additional people joined after the start, entering at places such as the Goose Neck Bridge. These are the pro-democracy people who will not listen to the Civil Human Rights Front anymore. They have all sorts of other issues and demands, from environmental protection to gay marriage to burn victims to autistic individuals. They tend to be more single-issue-oriented and they don't have affinity for the Civil Human Rights Front's main issues (amending the Basic Law?). How can these people form a cohesive opposition force? That's a good question that the leaders in the backroom (Jimmy Lai, Joseph Zen, Anson Chan, Martin Lee) will have to figure out.

- How hard is it to cover six soccer fields anyway? Everybody just bring the biggest beach umbrella that you can find.

- What will the Apple Daily headline be for tomorrow? Even they can't say "500,000 marched for democracy." More likely, it will be "Marchers faint from heat stroke, CY Leung doesn't care whether citizens live or die."

- Blast from the past from Li Yi in Apple Daily, January 2, 2010: Although only 30,000 persons marched in the street, there were probably several million more who quietly carry hope and conscience in their hearts. So there you have the virtual headline: Millions marched for democracy!
- Yes, I agree that there were millions in the streets today (note: I didn't say that millions marched in the streets today).

- (Oriental Daily) Best story of the day: Former Hong Kong Chief Secretary Anson Chan came with Hong Kong 2020 research director Lee Wing-tat and others to march. As usual, she said "Bye bye" to Lee Wing-tat at the intersection of Hennessey Road and Queens Road East and left. She tried to hail a taxi with no success. So she walked into a nearby coffee shop and drank a fruit juice. She stayed for 15 minutes and left by taxi afterwards.

- Some bitch was on television declaring that public opinion as evidenced by the demonstration today clearly favors an immediate re-start of the five-step process for constitutional reform and amending the Basic Law. You have to be a politician in order to lie like a dog.

- (RTHK) Civil Human Rights Front convener Daisy Chan said afterwards that their organization is only responsible for organizing the event in which citizens participate out of their own personal beliefs. As such, she is not accountable for the turnout at the event.
- Ah, yes, but aren't these guys very much into this "accountability" thing? Anything happens, and they say "XXX must apologize and resign." When they are in the line of fire, all of a sudden they can claim zero responsibility.
- (RTHK) Daisy Chan said earlier that the number of marchers this year should be able to match the same level as last year (for which the Civil Human Rights Front claimed 510,000). Why is anyone listening to her?

Left pane: 2014
Right panel: 2015
- Daisy Chan is absolutely the worst person ever to lead the Civil Human Rights Front. Her problem is that she can't remember what she said before and those gaping self-contradictions are shocking. For example, she once explained away a low event attendance because people have to work. And that was on a Sunday. This time, she says July 1st is a public holiday when people have to work. What is a public holiday then? By the General Holidays Ordinance, this means a day which shall be kept as a holiday by all banks, educational establishments, public offices and Government departments. Yes, some people have to work (police, firemen, transportation, etc), but they do that year-round because they provide essential services.

- (Oriental Daily, Oriental Daily)

The numbers game really doesn't matter. The real game is the donations. The organizers Civil Human Rights Front went down from $438,000 last year down to $248,000 this year. The League of Social Democrats took a major hit this year, going down from $930,000 last year to $350,000, probably because chairman Leung Kwok-hung said that he turned down a $100 million offer to switch his vote and therefore his party coffers must be flushed with cash already. People Power went from $420,000 to $210,000. Scholarism went from $1,310,000 last year to $540,000 this year but the impact is unknown since their finances are not disclosed. The Democratic Party took a hit too, going from $200,000 down $160,000. The Labour Party went from $180,000 to $110,000. The Neo-democrats went from $134,000 to $100,000. Civic Party actually gained a little bit, from $415,000 to $435,000.

But the real winners of the day are the flesh-peddlers (you don't even know what they stand for, but so what?).

- Self-contrarian: Civil Passion's Wong Yeung-tat once said: "Fuck every donation-soliciting organization!" On this day, he was out there begging for alms too.

- (Metro Radio)

With respect to the people carrying the British Dragon/Lion flag for Hong Kong independence jumping into the head of the procession, Civil Human Rights Front convener Daisy Chan said that it was not idea. She emphasized that the Civil Human Rights Front does not agree with the idea of Hong Kong independence.

- (VJmedia) I joined the Localists' kidnapping of the head of the procession this time. The results were very good. The Civil Human Rights Front wanted to chase us away but they failed. In the end, they called the remnants of the Federation of Students to raise their flags alongside of us the whole way. It was a very funny scene LOL.

- The slogan "CY Leung must resign" has been around forever in various forms. For as long as I remember, they have seen saying "XXX must resign" every single year, where XXX is the Chief Executive at the time. If you repeat this often enough, it will lose its edge.

- (SCMP) Scholarism convenor Joshua Wong Chi-fung also believed the lack of a clear theme was the "key reason" for the low numbers. "All the student bodies, civil societies and political parties were unable to come up with a clear framework for the next democratic movement," he said. "We have to admit our own limitations and find out shortcomings in the existing strategies and theories." One of the event's themes was to amend the Basic Law, but Wong said discussions in the past few months were only a start and no consensus had been reached as to how to achieve that goal.

Short-term implication: To those who marched today, you've wasted your time.

Long-term implication: We have no idea of what we are doing.

Thanks for making it very clear.

(Occupy Central with Love and Peace)

2. Rules for Non-Violent Protest

1. Insist on the use of non-violence means. In the face of law enforcers and anti-Occupy Central demonstrators, never hurt anyone physically or mentally, or damage any properties.

 

2. Be brave in facing the authorities and accept the responsibilities of civil disobedience. Do not use any masks to cover faces.

 

3. Do not bring any weapons or anything that can be used as weapons.

 

4. When facing arrest, form a human chain and lie down to show our non-cooperation. Do not struggle hard so as to avoid injury.

 

5. Be bold in the face of violence. Do not try to hit back. Move to a safe place and ask for the help from the picket or medical team.

- See more at: http://oclp.hk/?route=occupy/eng_detail&eng_id=28#sthash.ggO8I1xq.dpuf

2. Rules for Non-Violent Protest

1. Insist on the use of non-violence means. In the face of law enforcers and anti-Occupy Central demonstrators, never hurt anyone physically or mentally, or damage any properties.

 

2. Be brave in facing the authorities and accept the responsibilities of civil disobedience. Do not use any masks to cover faces.

 

3. Do not bring any weapons or anything that can be used as weapons.

 

4. When facing arrest, form a human chain and lie down to show our non-cooperation. Do not struggle hard so as to avoid injury.

 

5. Be bold in the face of violence. Do not try to hit back. Move to a safe place and ask for the help from the picket or medical team.

- See more at: http://oclp.hk/?route=occupy/eng_detail&eng_id=28#sthash.ggO8I1xq.dpuf

Rules for Non-Violent Protest

1. Insist on the use of non-violent means. In the face of law enforcers and anti-Occupy Central demonstrators, never hurt anyone physically or mentally, or damage any properties.

2. Be brave in facing the authorities and accept the responsibilities of civil disobedience. Do not use any masks to cover faces.

3. Do not bring any weapons or anything that can be used as weapons.

4. When facing arrest, form a human chain and lie down to show our non-cooperation. Do not struggle hard so as to avoid injury ...

(The Standard)  Occupy Central is action based on risky thinking. By Lai Tung Kwok. June 12, 2014.

Here are some of the cases that have come before the court. Compare these against the Occupy Central with Love and Peace rules on non-violent protest.

(Oriental Daily) May 1, 2015.

19-year-old maintenance worker Au Yik-kit was charged with spraying a 3-meter-by-3-meter red-colored circle on Hennessey Road in Causeway Bay. The police asked him to remove the paint but he refused. Therefore the police arrested him and charged him with criminal destruction of property. Au is implicated in the Sheung Shui warehouse case in which he is charged with attempted arson, loitering and possessing restricted weapons.

(Oriental Daily) June 16, 2015.

Three young men heeded an Internet call for action. 19-year-old unemployed man Au Yik-kit said that he was the lookout. He was charged with possession of an assault weapon and loitering. He denied these charges.

According to a New Territories North District Police Tactical Unit officer, he was working the night shift and encountered the defendant at San Fung Road, Shek Wu Hui. The police officer found the defendant has two switchblades in his pockets. The defendant claimed that he owed $8,500 in debt and was afraid of being beaten up. Therefore he carried the knives for self-defense. The police officer then found matches, igniter, maps and other items in another pocket. The police arrested the defendant. The case was taken over by the Criminal Investigation Department who searched the defendant's home and found iron crowbars, shovels, axes, etc.

(Oriental Daily) May 1, 2015.

27-year-old truck delivery man Leung Chi-heng was charged with disorderly conduct in public on the night of October 17 in Mong Kong. He was charged leading the chant "Kill the cops" and also throwing a metal barrier that almost injured two policemen. The defense presented two policemen who described what happened. Leung declared that he ever did such. He said that it was chaotic that night, and the police arrested the wrong person.

(Oriental Daily) June 26, 2015.  27-year-old unemployed man Leung Chi-hang was charged with disorderly conduct in public on October 17 in Mong Kok. The police testified that he hurled insults at the police, said he "wanted to beat the cops to death" and threw a metal barrier at the police. He was found guilty as charged. However, the defense said that they have located a Cable TV video which shows Leung doing something but not throwing any metal barrier. However Cable TV claimed freedom of press and will not provide the video unless there is a court warrant.

(Ming Pao) May 19, 2015.

28-year-old transportation worker Tang Tak-chuen was accused of interfering with police operations. On October 27, he was accused of taking away the police baton of female police officer Wai Ching. According to Wai, she was crossing the flower trough on the meridian of Nathan Road to go to the southbound lane when Tang suddenly approached her, grabbed her baton and ran away. She yelled and chased Tang. Tang ran for about 6 meters when several other police officers arrived to arrest him.

The defense pointed out that Wai testified that she wrapped the nylon cord on the baton twice around her wrist and therefore it was impossible to take it from her, especially given that there was no sign of injury on her wrist. The defense claimed that Wai jumped down from the flower trough and clubbed Tang on the head with a blow coming down. Then she clubbed Tang again on the neck. Because she used too much force, the club fell out of her hand onto the ground. Then she slandered Tang for taking away her baton.

The defense then claimed that several male police officers kicked and punched Tang, handcuffed him tightly to cause injuries on his hand. The medical report showed that there were red spots on Tang's scalp and wrists. The defense wanted to know the police guidelines on the use of baton, but the magistrate ruled that this was not germane to this trial.

(Wen Wei Po) July 4, 2015. After listening to the closing statements from both sides, the magistrate deemed that the two police witnesses were reliable and trustworthy whereas the defendant's testimony was not credible. Therefore the magistrate found the defendant guilty. The defendant said afterwards that he expected this verdict.

(Sing Tao) May 26, 2015.

23-year-old Golden Forum user Tam Hiu-fung posted last October to incite others to join the illegal assemblies of Occupy Central. He wrote things such as "If you are a man, you should take back Mong Kok" and "The MTR is the lifeline of Hong Kong so we have not messed with it. Since the government wants to continue to fool around, let's go all the way!" Earlier Tam had pleaded guilty to one charge of dishonest use of a computer.

The magistrate pointed out that it was very irresponsible for the defendant to make those statements on the Internet, because people might actually take action as a result. The magistrate asked: "Is this constructive and helpful for Hong Kong?" The magistrate sentenced the defendant to 100 hours of community service.

(Oriental Daily) May 11, 2015.

23-year-old BBQ meat restaurant waiter Tam Hiu-fung used his iPhone to post messages on the Golden Forum last October 17. He incited others to join an illegal assembly, "Three stages of the weekend counter-offensive: Take Mong Kok for the fifth time; take Lung Wo Road for the sixth time; occupy Central during the day." He also wrote: "If we cannot re-take Mong Kok, then we'll purchase tickets and enter the MTR to wait for the train." The police came across these posts made by the individual known as Lee Siu-ming, tracked down the IP address and arrested Tam at the waiters' dormitory.

(New York Times) October 28, 2015.

At 6:49 a.m. on Oct. 17, not long after the police completed a predawn operation to clear a volatile protest camp in Hong Kongs densely populated Mong Kok neighborhood, someone posted a call to action on a popular online forum, urging residents to retake the streets.

Tonight, if youre a man, lets revive Mong Kok, a user calling himself Li Siu-ming wrote on the HKGolden website. If there are no other options, we will have to blockade the railway station, paralyze the MTR, he added, referring to the citys subway system.

There was little to distinguish his posts from others online about the pro-democracy demonstrations that have disrupted Hong Kong for more than a month. But the next day, the police demanded user data related to his messages, according to HKGoldens manager.

Several hours later, officers arrested a 23-year-old man at his home, saying he had incited others on an online forum to join the unlawful assembly in Mong Kok, to charge at police and to paralyze the railways. In announcing the arrest, a police spokesman, Hui Chun-tak, made a sweeping assertion: It is a crime in Hong Kong to post messages calling on people to attend the protests.

I stress, inciting others to commit criminal acts on the Internet is illegal, he said.

The warning, along with a refusal to disclose more information about the case, has heightened fear that the authorities in this former British colony have begun to police the Internet using methods more often associated with the security forces in mainland China, where web censorship is routine and a crackdown on online dissent has been underway for more than a year.

The police have declined to provide the exact language that prompted the arrest or to confirm any link to the messages posted on the HKGolden forum. But Joe Lam, the sites chief executive, said officers had demanded that he provide them with the Internet Protocol addresses and messages associated with the Li Siu-ming account.

In addition to the call to paralyze the subway system if necessary, the user urged protesters to force the police to use force when retaking the Mong Kok site. After protesters succeeded in re-establishing the camp, he got back online and suggested at 1:57 a.m. on Oct. 18 that they charge Lung Wo, referring to a street outside the Hong Kong governments office secured by the police.

But the next day, he reported that officers had come to his home and arrested him for messages supporting the protesters. I just got home after giving a statement, he wrote. So gloomy. Technology Crime Division. Be careful.

The police have identified the suspect only by his surname, Tam, and said he had been released on bail pending an investigation. Mr. Tam initially sought the help of a group of lawyers and volunteers associated with the protest organizers; they said his full name was Tam Hiu-fung.

In a private message on the HKGolden site, the person using the account declined to comment but confirmed his name was Tam Hiu-fung. I dont want to go into details about my background. Its not important, he said when reached by telephone. Im an ordinary Hong Kong youngster. I just want to do something for Hong Kong.

It is unclear what drew the police to Mr. Tam. The pro-democracy movement has relied heavily on social media and messaging apps to organize and mobilize protesters, and statements urging people to turn out for the demonstrations or even to confront the police are rife on local websites, as well as on Facebook and Twitter.

Messages advocating violence are less common but can be found among both protesters and those who support the government, raising the question of selective prosecution.

Open fire and kill those animals. Watching it makes my blood boil, one Facebook user opposed to the protests wrote on Oct. 16, commenting on a video of a clash between demonstrators and the police.

(Oriental Daily) June 11, 2015.

20-year-old man Leung Chi-wai was charged with assaulting a police officer on November 25 in the Occupy Mong Kok area. According to the police officer Choi Hong-kai, he heard the defendant Leung yelled "Charge!" and then charged at the police line. Leung then fell on the ground when he ran into other police officers. Leung started struggling on the ground. Choi went up to subdue him and got kicked twice. Eventually Choi subdued Leung.

Upon cross-examination, the defense pointed out that Leung was wearing a helmet and goggles at the time but Choi said he did not. Furthermore, the defendant claimed to be tackled by policemen, hit with batons and cursed out with obscene language, but Choi said it did not happen. The defense then played a video. Choi agreed that the video was taken at the scene. The video showed a man being tackled onto the ground by the police. Choi agreed that the man wore the same clothes as the defendant at the time of arrest. However, Choi was not sure about the time when the video was taken.

(Sing Tao) June 11, 2015. The defense played two videos. One was provided by a Golden Forum user and another one was found on YouTube. In those videos, a man in blue jeans and camouflaged top was suddenly dragged out of the crowd by plainclothes policemen. Someone yelled: "Fuck your mother! Wearing a helmet? Hold him!" At three to four policemen rushed up to subdue this man. When asked whether this was the defendant, the witness Choi said "very similar." The defense said that the situation that day was that the defendant was not leading any charge, but he was suddenly pulled out by the police, hit a couple of times on his legs and then subdued. Choi said that he did not see such thing.

The defendant Leung Chi-wai said that he was demonstrating in Mong Kok. At Shan Tung Street, he was pushed by the crowd to the front row and suddenly plainclothes policemen pulled his helmet, pushed him on the ground and subdued him. He said that he did not kick any policeman. After viewing the two videos, Leung said that he was the individual who was subdued in the video. He said that he did not see Choi in these videos.

(Oriental Daily) June 30, 2015. The magistrate said that the policeman's testimony was not credible. First Choi testified that he saw the defendant saw him approaching and kicked him. However, Choi was unsure whether there was eye contact. Furthermore, there was discrepancies between the video and the testimony. Therefore, the magistrate ordered the defendant discharged as not guilty.

(Wen Wei Po) June 12, 2015.

On October 17 during the illegal Occupy Mong Kok period, the police was enforcing crowd control at the intersection of Shan Tung Street and Nathan Road. 26-year-old part-time interior decorations worker Cheung Hon-wei suddenly gave a big shout, charged at a police van, jumped up to take a flying kick at the van door. Two scratch marks were made on the van door. The police subdued Cheung and charged him with criminal destruction of property. At the trial, the defendant said that he had no idea why he kicked the police van. He apologized to the police and said, "I am making a public apology to the police. I deeply regret (what I did)." Cheung was allowed to post a 15-month good behavior bond for $2,000. He also has to repay the police $480 for the car repair work. 

(Oriental Daily) June 16, 2015.

22-year-old musician Marco Lee was accused of assaulting a police officer on Lung Wo Road, Admiralty on October 18 last year. Two police officers testified. One of the officers was hit by a water bottle while the other officer observed the defendant throw that bottle. Because there were large numbers of demonstrators and photojournalists filming, there was no chance that the two officers corroborated on the evidence.

The defense pleaded that the defendant attends church and volunteers to teach in prison. Furthermore, the defendant is not a violent person and did something unusual this time out of political fervor. The magistrate said that the court must send a message to the public that police will be protected while on duty. Therefore, the magistrate sentenced the defendant to four weeks in prison. He is currently out on $500 bail pending appeal.

(Apple Daily) June 5, 2015. After being found guilty, Marco Lee explained that he and his girl friend joined the demonstration. At the time, the police had forced the demonstrators off Lung Wo Road. Amidst the chaos, he was suddenly grabbed from behind by policemen. Two police officers came up and pushed him down on the ground. He said that he was hit in the leg by a hard object. "One of the policeman knelt on my chest five to six times." He found it hard to breathe and could not fight back. About five policemen surrounded him. He was handcuffed and taken over to Government Headquarters. A plainclothes policeman dragged him by the handcuff and told him to hurry. His forearm was injured as a result. He said that the doctor at the hospital told him that he had a broken bone. However, the medical report indicated only that he had scratch marks on his left shoulder. The defendant said that the police used violence on him to release anger. Prior to that there had been many instances of police assaulting demonstrators. The defendant was frightened by the police that day.

(Wen Wei Po) June 17, 2015. The magistrate said that on October 18, demonstrators attempt to break through the police line and occupy Lung Wo Road. Sergeant Fong Wai-kay was hit in the back by a hard object. Another police officer Hui Hing-sing observed the defendant Marco Lee tossed the water bottle and therefore went to make the arrest. Lee kicked Hui in excitement. Other police officers came and helped to subdue Lee.

The defense claimed that the police made false charges against Lee in anger. But the magistrate said that the testimony of the two officers could not have been improvised at the scene. Also, Lee's claimed injuries did not match the medical report. When Lee was subdued, he asked the police whether he was arrested. This is not a reasonable reaction for an innocent person. Therefore, the magistrate said that the defendant was not honest and trustworthy and therefore he rejected his testimony. The prison sentence was imposed because the defendant showed no remorse for his deed.

(Oriental Daily) June 19, 2015.

32-year-old courier delivery man Man Chi-wai was charged with obstructing the police. He was standing on the electricity transformer station in Tamar Park and he refused to follow police instructions to leave on October 15.

Man claimed that he wears eyeglasses for his "900 degree myopia." On that day, he wore a surgical mask and he climbed on of the electricity transform station in order to get a clearer picture. He did not chant any slogans and he did not display any banners. At around 2am, a policeman told him to come down to be arrested. Because the transformer station was pretty tall, he could not come down immediately. He asked the policeman to help him, but was turned down. Eventually he came down and two policemen dragged him to the wall. He was asked to face the wall, raise his hand, lower his hands, squat down and then lie face down on the ground. Several policemen then punched and kicked him. The police then tied his hands up with plastic bands and took him into an unmarked car. The police cursed him out with foul language. He was then taken down to the police station. He insisted that he did not obstruct the police.

(Oriental Daily) June 19, 2015.

19-year-old Yu Wai-lun joined Civic Passion and Hong Kong Indigenous Democratic Front in the anti-parallel trader demonstration in Yuen Long on March 1. At around 6pm, Yu put on an armored glove and punched police officer Lee multiple times. Lee arrested Yu immediately. Later, Lee underwent medical exam and was shown to have sustained injuries on his left arm, shoulders, upper back, groin and lower leg. The police also found body armor and knee guards in Yu's backpack.

The magistrate said: "Have young lads like you been watching too many movies and cartoons? Were  you going to put the armor and become a martyr?"

The defendant Yu had just completed his DGSE exam. He pleaded guilty to one charge of assaulting a police officer. He bowed to the police officer Lee and said: "Sorry for causing bodily harm to you. I promise that I won't do this again."

The defense lawyer said that Yu is the only son of the family. Yu has just completed his DGSE exam and plans to attend university. Yu does not belong to any political party and he has reflected on his actions. He promises not to participate in any such action in the future. Yu really wants to attend his graduation ceremony. Furthermore, he serves as a swimming coach at an international school and therefore wants to be bailed out.

(Oriental Daily) June 29, 2015.

16-year-old student Fung Chi-ho was charged with assaulting a police officer on March 1 in Yuen Long. At the time, there was a demonstration against parallel traders. Organised Crime and Triad Bureau officer Lee Wang-tat was in plainclothes with a police vest dispersing the crowd out the McDonald's. Lee claimed that the defendant pushed the door from the inside, hitting him thrice on the elbow. The defendant also cursed him out as a "Police dog." Lee said that he had explained to the defendant that "the police are working, please do not push anymore." However, the defendant did not stop. Therefore he believed that the defendant was intentionally pushing the door at him and he made the arrest accordingly.

(Wen Wei Po) The defendant denied the charges. He said that he was in Yuen Long that day because he is "interested in current affairs" and wanted to understand better. He also wanted to offer "spiritual support." At the time, the police used pepper spray at the crowd, which carried him inside the restaurant. Then he saw some people with raised batons outside the restaurant so he wanted to go out and "understand" things more. But when he pushed the door, it hit someone.

Fung said that he is hearing impaired and requires a hearing aid which he was not wearing at the time. He said that he could hear what the policeman was saying. He took one step back and the police rushed up to knock him down and handcuff him. That was when he realized that those people were policemen. He also denied calling police officer Lee Wang-tat a "police dog."

The defense lawyer said that when Fung first pushed the door, the angle reached only 70 degrees and he did not make it out of the restaurant. Therefore, Lee's testimony is suspect. It was also said that Lee was in plainclothes and the defendant may not have seen the word Police on the vest from that angle. Therefore, Fung accidentally opened a door that hit Lee and there was no deliberate intention to assault the policeman.

(Sing Pao) June 30, 2015.

27-year-old Eric Poon (nickname "Hexagonal wrench") has been arrested by the police. Poon is suspected of having accosted a girl under the age of 16 and offered to show her some paintings. Then he kissed her against her will. The girl lodged a complaint with the police.

(Wen Wei Po) July 1, 2015.


Eric Poon showing his form with spitting, cursing and making obscene gestures

On June 11, a fourteen-year-old girl was molested by a man under the pretext of showing her some paintings. Her mother learned what happened and filed a police complaint on June 25. According to the court records, a man with the same name (Poon Won-tong) was found guilty of raping/molesting a 14-year-old girl in Tuen Mun in June 2006 on three separate occasions (in a parking garage platform, a restroom for handicapped persons in a recreational area and in a parking garage stairwell). At the time, the defense claimed that the defendant had previously sustained an injury to his brain and therefore he has sub-normal intelligence.

(The Sun) July 14, 2007. A 14-year-old runaway girl was raped/molested thrice by a young man named Poon Won-tong on three occasions, once on a table tennis table for the public in Shan King Estate parking garage, once in a public restroom for physically handicapped persons in Yeung King leisure park and once in the stairwell of the Shan King Estate parking garage. On the first occasion, the defendant tied up the girl and raped her on top of the table tennis table. On the third occasion, the man forced the girl to commit fellatio. On one occasion, there was a under-aged male who watched the rape while fondling the girl. The defense claims that the defendant is mentally retarded due to brain damage.

(Apple Daily) July 14, 2007. According to the defense lawyer, the defendant dropped out of secondary school Form 3. His parents got divorced last year. Last October, the defendant was taken to mainland China to live with his maternal uncle to learn interior decoration. After the police contacted his father over this case, the father went to mainland China and took the defendant back to Hong Kong to turn himself in to the police. According to the prosecution, the defendant and the victim agreed to run away on June 6. On the same day, he took her to the platform in the Shan King Estate parking garage and asked for sexual intercourse. She refused. He used a towel to tie her hands up and carried her onto the table tennis table to rape her. Afterwards, the defendant took her into the public restroom for physically handicapped persons in the Yeung King Road leisure park. At the time, a 14-year-old boy asked to be allowed to watch. So the defendant removed the victim's clothes, used a towel to tie her hands up and raped her. On the same day, the defendant woke the victim up in the parking garage stairwell and forced her to engage in fellatio.

Video: Eric Poon and Ng Ting Pong expounding on the finer points of democracy in Occupy Mong Kok area.

Video: Eric Poon looking for a one-to-one fight at the Mong Kok Public Library.
0:55 Poon: You shut up!  Leave!
1:05 The other man who is a head shorter than Poon: Leave? How can I leave? You are blocking my way!
1:07 Poon: Leave! Fuck your mother! Are you scared? Let's have a one-to-one fight!

(Oriental Daily) July 29, 2015. At 3pm on May 21, the defendant Eric Poon got into an argument with a worker on the fourth floor of the Fa Yuen Street Public Library. The worker asked Poon to be quiet, but the Poon said: "If you don't know who I am, I will tell someone to beat you to death." The defendant was found guilty of criminal intimidation and sentenced to three months in jail.

Video: Eric Poon has a confrontation with a Hong Kong Broadband salesman outside Hollywood Plaza on Sai Yeung Choi Street South, Mong Kok

Video: Eric Poon using a megaphone to scream obscenities

Video: Eric Poon bullies a woman as he slaps her hard in the head. When others tried to get him to stop, he said: "Shut up! It's family business!" The woman said: "I really did not borrow any money." But Poon said: "No? You stole my money until there's only 24 dollars left." A person came up to intercede but Poon pointed two fingers at him and said: "None of your business. It's a personal matter." Although there were many Yellow Umbrellas around, nobody stopped Poon until he left on his own.

(Oriental Daily) July 3, 2015.

Last November, police superintendent Franklin Chu took part in the Solar Peak operation to deal with the Occupy demonstrators. From November 28 through December 1, he received a large number of harassment calls on his mobile telephone and home telephone. He lodged a complaint to the police. The police checked the calls with the telecommunications service providers and tracked down two individual callers.

28-year-old male moneychanger store owner's son Kwong Kai-hong made 37 calls on December 1, including 14 calls within one hour to the home telephone of Franklin Chu. On Kwong's telephone, Chu's number was entered on the contact list as "Spasm Chu."  22-year-old university female student Poon Sheung-yin made 30 calls within three days. Both individuals had attempted to use the "133" prefix to conceal their own caller ID's.

The defense said that the two defendants are first-time offenders and do not realize that it is a crime to make harassing telephone calls, which were "unwise" and "stupid." The defense also said that the two defendants learned from the Internet that this superintendent had clubbed demonstrators and they got "over-enthusiastic" and used the Internet forum information on Chu to call the superintendent and "tell him that he was wrong."

The magistrate disagreed with the defense's explanation. "No matter how noble the motives were, it is wrong to do this." Furthermore, the calls to Chu's home are deeply annoying to his entire family.


Defendant Kwong Kai-hong


Defendant Poon Sheung-yin

(SCMP) July 4, 2015.

A man and a woman admitted making dozens of telephone calls over four days last year to harass a police officer who was shown on television news beating an Occupy movement supporter, a court heard yesterday.

Kwong Kai-hong, 28, and Esther Poon Sheung-yin, 21, each pleaded guilty to two counts of making persistent phone calls to then Sha Tin divisional commander Franklin Chu King-wai, who took part in the "Solarpeak" operation during the Occupy sit-ins in Mong Kok last year.

Chu received one anonymous call after another on his residential landline and mobile phone between November 28 and December 1, Tsuen Wan Court heard. No caller identity was displayed for most of the calls.

"The frequency of the telephone calls was annoying to [Chu] and he reported the case to the police," prosecutor Kalina Wong Suk-lan told Magistrate Rita So Ka-yin.

Local media reported that Chu retired after the footage capturing his action against Occupy supporters went viral on the web. Poon found Chu's phone numbers in a post on the HKGolden.com forum, the court heard.

According to records on Kwong's mobile phone, 14 calls were made to Chu's residential landline and 23 to his cellphone on November 28 and 29. Police arrested Kwong and seized his phone on December 22, Wong said. The officers found Chu's numbers saved as a contact under the name of "Chu King-luen".

Poon made 19 calls to Chu's residential landline and 11 calls to his mobile phone between November 28 and December 1. She admitted to police under caution that she rang Chu more than 10 times with a view to "punishing and harassing" him, Wong said.

In mitigation, the pair said they cared about what happened in Hong Kong and had committed the crimes on impulse.

So said that regardless of what they saw in the television footage and however noble their motive, the way they handled the matter was inappropriate. The magistrate said they should instead have raised any concerns they had with the relevant authorities.  She adjourned sentencing to July 17, pending probation and background reports.

(SCMP) Police use pepper spray as Hong Kong protesters clash with 'pro-China' group in Mong Kok. June 29, 2015.

Police arrested five people and used pepper spray to try to disperse violent clashes in Mong Kok last night as localist demonstrators protested against a group of people singing in Putonghua, creating a fraught situation that quickly spun out of control when rival pro-Beijing demonstrators clashed with the localists. Four men and one woman aged between 23 and 55 were arrested, police said, and one police officer was reported injured. Dozens of anti-mainlander demonstrators targeted the musicians, who regularly assemble in the pedestrian area of Sai Yeung Choi Street South, accusing them of causing a nuisance.

"Localist" has become an umbrella term for radical groups defined by an anti-mainland sentiment and a desire to resist Beijing's influence over the city.

As word of the protest spread, rivals from patriotic groups arrived, and soon heated verbal arguments broke out, later escalating into physical clashes. Scores of police officers had been standing ready for the protest by the localists, who had announced their intentions in advance. When the two sides began to clash, police deployed metallic barriers as partitions to try to keep them apart.

The situation took a particularly violent turn when officers removed a man from the crowd and carried him into a police vehicle at about 8pm. Localist protesters surrounded the police vehicle on Nathan Road, and officers fired pepper spray at them, hitting several.

The two sides later returned to Sai Yeung Choi Street, where angry verbal exchanges continued for about an hour, followed by chases on foot and physical struggles. Workers from some shops on the street shut their metal gates, apparently to prevent damage.

The chases and fights later spilled into nearby Mong Kok Road, where officers were seen using pepper spray again. A man with his face covered with blood was spotted leaving the scene with the assistance of a woman.

Police were seen helping some apparent participants of the melee into a taxi, angering the localist protesters, who accused them of releasing the perpetrators of crimes. As of 12.50am, about dozens of the localist protesters gathered outside Mong Kok Police Station and called for the release of their fellow protestors taken away by the police. 

(Oriental Daily with video) June 28, 2015 20:07

Almost one hundred demonstrators demanded that the Chinese middle-aged women stop singing and dancing on Sai Yeung Choi Street South. They said that the Chinese middle-aged women's "country music" and "Red songs" are sung in "bandit language" (=putonghua) and represents a form of cultural cleansing that destroys respectability.

The demonstrators emphasized that they are gathering peacefully, but several dozen of them rushed at the Chinese middle-aged women and rained obscene curses upon them. Several dozen uniformed police officers were present to maintain order and separate the sides.

Love Hong Kong Action founder Anna Chan showed up around 8pm, raised a Chinese national five-star flag, smiled and said nothing. The demonstrators heaped obscenities, but she declined to respond. The police set up a ring of iron barriers around her.

(Oriental Daily) June 28, 2015 20:56.

Several dozen Localist demonstrators held a demonstrators against the middle-aged Chinese female dancers on Sai Yeung Choi Street South, Mong Kok districts. There were multiple clashes, with people bleeding. At around 9pm, Caring Hong Kong Power member Anna Chan counter-demonstrated and the Localists rushed at her as she left. The police used batons to control the crowd. Many demonstrators and counter-demonstrators fell to blows. The police dispersed everybody. One man surrounded by the Localists was bleeding in the neck, and the police took him away.

When the fights broke out, the jewelry stores, movie houses, eyeglass stores and commercial plazas all lowered their gates. There were five Chinese middle-aged song/dance booths and at least two of them packed up and left early.

(Oriental Daily) June 28, 2015 21:35.

At around 8pm, the police applied pepper spray on Sai Yeung Choi Street South the first time in order to stop the clashes. At around 830pm near the Canton Road Market, the police applied pepper spray the second time. Many were sprayed, including reporters.

The demonstrators extended their battle front from Sai Yeung Choi Street South to the Canton Street Market, which was closed at this hour. The demonstrators chased and assaulted citizens. A woman was punched by the demonstrators. Another middle-aged man who was bleeding in the neck tried to use a water bucket to defend himself. A man in white clothing was hit in the back of the head when he complained about the demonstrators.

(Oriental Daily) June 28, 2015 22:33

A man was hit by the demonstrators until he was bleeding in the neck. The demonstrators accused this man of committing assault and demanded that the police arrest him. The police declined. So several dozen demonstrators trailed this man all the way to Tai Kok Tsui until the man asked the police to take him down to the police station. About thirty or so demonstrators gathered outside the police station.

(Oriental Daily) June 28, 2015 23:58

The police arrested four men and one woman and will charge them with assaulting police officers, resisting arrest, disorderly conduct in public and common assault. More than 30 Localist demonstrators are gathered outside the police station to demand the release of those arrested.

(Wen Wei Po) June 29, 2015.

A number of radical groups were present, including the Hong Kong Indigenous Democratic Front, the Hong Kong Localism Power, Valiant Frontier, Local Ideology, Civic Passion, DLLM Orchid, City-State and so on. However, the participants appeared to be only the foot soldiers in these organizations and the big bosses were absent. Civic Passion's Cheng Chung-tai made an appearance earlier at a forum on Sai Yeung Choi Street South, but left before the demonstration. So the participants were dashing around like "headless flies" without any purposeful organization. One of them said: "The big bosses are hiding. They said that they are valiant, but they are actually very scared. They are only using us as cannon fodder."

(Wen Wei Po) June 29, 2015.

The demonstrators from the Hong Kong Indigneous Democratic Front, Hong Kong Localism Power, Valiant Frontier and other organizations showed up in Sai Yeung Choi Street South at around 730pm. They said that they wanted to demonstrate in a  "peaceful, rational and non-violent" manner. But in truth they want to put a stop to all putonghua singing there. They also said that non-Local culture must not be introduced into Hong Kong or else Local culture will be exterminated.

Love Hong Kong Action convener Anna Chan and Righteous Civil Squadron convener Ah Man came to wave the flags of the Chinese nation and the Hong Kong SAR region. Anna Chan said that Hong Kong is a part of the People's Republic of China. If the Localists are dissatisfied, they can leave this Special Administrative Region of China and go elsewhere. Someone else said that if the Localists forbids anything other than speaking in Cantonese or English, they should charge into the numerous Korean and Japanese restaurants on this street because their customers are always greeted in Korean and Japanese.

The police set up a human wall to separate the two sides. When Chan and Ah Man left an hour later, there was a large-scale clash. They fought from Soy Street to Shan Tung Street down Sai Yeung Choi Street South. A large number of police came and arrested two persons.

But the Localists would not quit. Captain America with his British flag shouted: "There are too many police here. Let us go over to the other side and start all over again." So he and those who followed his call returned to Sai Yeung Choi Street South to provoke the street performers. They even surrounded an electronics chain store and forced the employees to lower the gates on the claim that "someone was stealing something."

And someone said that he was assaulted by somebody. So the battle line was extended to the intersection of Mong Kok Road and Tong Mei Road. A small number of persons even tried to charge onto Nathan Road and start another "Occupy". Several dozen persons followed a police car to the Mong Kok Police Station and demanded that the police release the arrestees.

(TIME) Hong Kong Clashes Reveal Anti-Beijing Anger as City Nears Anniversary of Reunification. June 29, 2015.

Street scuffles between pro-and anti-Beijing factions broke out in Hong Kong Sunday night local time and one of the citys most prominent pro-democracy figures was set upon in the street in an apparently unrelated attack. The violence underscores raw tensions in Chinas most open metropolis, just three days ahead of the 18th anniversary of the citys return to Chinese sovereignty.

Trouble began when so-called localist groups many members of which argue for Hong Kongs independence from China staged a rally in the densely crowded Mong Kok district of central Kowloon to protest the presence of mainland Chinese street musicians. The performance of Mandarin-language songs in a Cantonese-speaking, working-class area like Mong Kok is regarded by many localists as culturally and politically provocative.

Violent clashes broke out when pro-China groups showed up to counter the localists, with rival groups chasing each other through streets crowded with shoppers and tourists, forcing retail outlets to pull down their shutters. Police say five protesters, four men and one woman, were arrested. No injury figures have been released, but police used pepper spray to subdue protesters and local media published photos of at least one bloodied pro-China protester being led from the scene.

Simon Sin, one of the leaders of Hong Kong Localism Power, accuses police of not doing enough to protect localist demonstrators. The police protected the people who were attacking us. They didnt protect us. We got hurt yesterday, Sin tells TIME.

(EJinsight) Police slammed over handling of assault on Mong Kok protester. June 30, 2015.

Hong Kong police are under fire over their handling of an assault by a pro-Beijing demonstrator on a localist protester during an anti-China rally in Mong Kok on Sunday night.

A protester, who gave his name as Sunny, said he saw his friend being attacked by a group of nine people in the street. The victim, surnamed Leung, was punched several times and dragged before he managed to escape, Sunny was quoted as saying by Apple Daily. Camera footage shows a man being pursued by two people after police separated them. Also, news photos show injuries to Leungs back. However, the officers made no arrests in the incident, angering protesters.

They were demonstrating against street singing and dancing by a group of women suspected to be mainlanders. Things began to get out of hand when pro-Beijing supporters showed up and exchanged taunts with the localists. The heckling escalated into clashes, with the police moving in, armed with truncheons and pepper spray.

Apple Daily is reporting that suspected triads were among a group that instigated the violence. They were earlier seen with pro-Beijing groups led by I Care Action.  Sources said troublemakers might have been hired to provoke the localists into a fight, hoping they will be detained and forced to miss a planned July 1 rally.

[Comment: Bizarre reporting here: "They were demonstrating against street singing and dancing by a group of women suspected to be mainlanders." (emphasis added). As far as is known, "being a mainlander" is not a crime in Hong Kong, in the sense of "suspected to have stolen the vehicle" or "suspected to have robbed the bank." According to the 2011 Census,  32.1% of the overall population in Hong Kong was born in mainland China/Macao/Taiwan. So this statement cannot be made as if this is normally acceptable. The reporter should find a source to say so and even find another source to present an opposite point of view. For example, Mr. X (no first name please) of Y organization said that they were demonstrating against women suspected to be mainlanders but senior barrister A says that those women are exercising their freedoms of speech/assembly.]

(SCMP) Why Hong Kong localism has no future. Alex Lo. June 30, 2015.

Hong Kong has no future unless it can figure out a way to coexist with the mainland. That is why the radical rejectionism of so-called localists is a dead end. It's especially tragic that many localists are young people, whose future might be considerably brightened if they were willing to explore new opportunities created by the economic rise of China, and learn mainland culture and language. Alas, disappointed by their poor local prospects, yet unable or unwilling to look for opportunities elsewhere, they are stuck in Hong Kong.

And raised by a strong sense of entitlement and a false feeling of superiority over mainlanders while being basically ignorant of the outside world, they idealise our city that in reality has no real moral, intellectual or spiritual substance. In virtually all endeavours of human value, in the arts and sciences, in cultural tradition and history, in business daring and artistic creativity, it's to mainland China you need to turn, not tiny Hong Kong.

We do have our advantages: our freedoms are real, despite our lack of democracy; and our level of public corruption is considerably lower than that on the mainland. These are worth preserving and fighting for. But both freedom and corruptibility are relative. And our fight to preserve our uniqueness and advantages does not, and should not, equate to anti-mainland sentiments and actions.

The average mainland urbanite is much freer and materially better off than any time in the last century and a half. The Communist Party's anti-corruption drive remains a work in progress. But we should never underestimate the party's ability to renew itself and adapt to new circumstances. A richer and freer China will just speed ahead of Hong Kong.

The oft-cited warning about Hong Kong becoming "just another Chinese city" betrays our own arrogance and ignorance. Many leading mainland cities have a depth and human interest our own city simply cannot match. Like it or not, our future, good or bad, is China. Even if you idolise the West, remember that most Westerners have no real interest in Hong Kong by itself except as a passageway or transit point to the mainland.

Hong Kong either gets on that unstoppable bandwagon that is China or it will just get left behind.

Videos

(INT News Channel) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4nUguIM29uI Women sing while demonstrators chant obscenities. Anna Chan shows up at 7:00.
(INT News Channel) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aAK_kOOChJI Fighting at 4:20. An arrest is made.
(INT News Channel) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bCAHJo5up8Q The police won't arrest the alleged attacker

(Apple Daily) http://hk.dv.nextmedia.com/actionnews/hit/20150629/19201886/20073437?_ga=1.242723777.218432039.1397350956 Lots of fighting.

(Ming Pao) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yeF0nBoJo-4 Masked demonstrators assaulting citizens (e.g. flying kicks at 0:39 and 1:14). This is the video that the pan-democrats, Benny Tai, Joseph Zen, Jimmy Lai, Martin Lee, the Professional Teachers Union, the Civil Human Rights Front, the Federation of Students and Scholarism will claim ignorance about because they made sure that they never watch it.

(Cable News) http://cablenews.i-cable.com/webapps/news_video/index.php?news_id=461033

(NOW news) http://news.now.com/home/local/player?newsId=141230 Demonstrators attacking citizens.

(SocRED) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n7pqY4Gd8WQ The police escort the Love Hong Kong Action and Righteous Civil Squadron persons away
(SoCREC) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S2k9gkJ8yvc Police action (arrest, witness statements)
(SocREC) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vll3Y8U-Ok8 Police carry a man away while fighting a scrum of photojournalists.
(SocREC) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Wwce4PGn4Tw Following the police closely at the Mong Kok fruit market
(SocREC) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q6OH0U6ngeo Mong Kok Fruit Market action

(The Epoch Times) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oEIhoAGY9LY Localists forced the police to take assault suspect down to the police station
(The Epoch Times) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l9XVq_TPGdk Pushing and shoving, followed by pepper spray
(The Epoch Times) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DZRVojbO4UM Police escort alleged attacker to leave

(Passion Times) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AkqWpbE1a1Q Boxing matches broke out.

Internet comments:

- Mr. Ko showed up today to sing. He said that he was born in Hong Kong and has been living here for more than fifty years. He has no political inclinations. In the last five years, he and his friends became interested in singing putongua on the Sai Yeung Choi Street South pedestrian mall. But after tonight he is angry at the Localists for preventing him from singing.

- Recognize this man! He is a Hong Kong traitor. We need to find out everything about him -- his name, his family, his home address, his telephone number(s), his workplace, etc. And then we will make him regret that he ever sung songs in putonghua.

- (Lau Sai-leung at The Stand News)

The Chinese middle-aged women entered politics during the anti-North East New Territories Development protests. After Occupy Central started, they showed up in Tseung Kwun O to stop Apple Daily from sending out its printed newspapers. During the constitutional reform period, they showed up to support the government. These Chinese middle-aged women are a political tool. They are definitely imported from the mainland and not authentically local. The mainland is using the Chongqing model with these women. Bo Xilai was the first to recognize the political potential of the plaza middle-aged women, and he promoted Red Songs to use against corruption. Bo used a Cultural Revolution approach to demonstrate his power. During that time, Red Songs were even sung at the Hong Kong Town Hall concert hall. These Chinese middle-aged women are not engaged in the leisure activities of ignorant womankind. They represent the resurrection of Cultural Revolution politics. The people of Hong Kong will not tolerate them.

The mainland Chinese middle-aged women grew up during the Cultural Revolution. They were born between the mid-1950's and 1966. When they were in primary and secondary school, they struggled against their teachers in a nationwide effort. Their dream was to be inspected at Tiananmen Square by Chairman Mao. They are uneducated and uncultured, but they understand politics. The people of Hong Kong have seen through this mass stupidity of the Cultural Revolution. Back then, many people took the risk of swimming across Dapeng Bay to seek new lives in Hong Kong. These people left the mass stupidity behind and changed the fates of their children.

It is normal reaction for the people of Hong Kong to reject the Red plaza dancing of these Chinese middle-aged women, especially in public spaces. Why are local bands allowed to perform but these middle-aged women are not? The people of Hong Kong knows the difference -- these middle-aged women sing Red songs and dance the Plaza dance, and they are allied with the digiterati, the triad gangs and the country squires when they show up en masse.

- I understand how the Localists have the inalienable right and the sacred duty to beat up any mainlander that they come across, but the newspaper is reporting that the Localists were chasing and assaulting "citizens" all the way from the Sai Yeung Choi Street South pedestrian mall into the Canton Road Fruit Market. Are they "valiant resisting" and "civilly disobeying" regular citizens now?

- I completely understand why the demonstrators are forced to protest. The placard held by this Chinese middle-aged Localist woman reads (in English): "Chinese Style Street Dancing is Bad Taste."

The woman was arrested merely for jumping into the middle of Nathan Road to block vehicular traffic. The fact that she was dressed in bad taste is not germane to the core issue here.

- I completely understand this. This man hit a Localist. Therefore this man is bleeding from a big gash in his neck. Therefore the police must arrest him or else the Localists will lay siege to the Mong Kok Police Station.

- On television, I heard the demonstrators yell: "This is Hong Kong. We only speak Cantonese here. No other language is allowed." I hope this message gets through loud and clear to the international community (Americans, Europeans, Filipinos, Australians/Kiwis, Canadians, Indonesians, Taiwanese, Japanese, Koreans, etc) -- YOU ARE NOT WANTED HERE. IF YOU WANT TO STAY IN HONG KONG, YOU MUST SPEAK ONLY CANTONESE.
- Every evening I pass through the Mong Kok East train station on my way home. There is always a middle-aged man playing a guitar and singing English-language soft rock songs (such as As Tears Go By, Five Hundred Miles, etc). Can the Localists please tell him that this is Hong Kong and no other language besides Cantonese is allowed?
- Hong Kong is a cosmopolitan city. Cosmopolitan means: "Free from local, provincial, or national ideas, prejudices, or attachments; at home all over the world." That is why all languages other than Cantonese shall be banned.

- June 28 2015 23:16 discussion forum comment. "Hong Kong people unite to oust all mainlanders. Support the Localists!"
- Look at the timeline. The action is still thick out there, and you support the Localists by pounding on your keyboard. Why don't you get out there and occupy the Mong Kok Police Station, requisition the guns and ammunition and actually start a revolution?

- In Apple Daily's report (no link will be provided because so that they won't profit from the hits), it said that the Localists drove the Chinese middle-aged women away whereupon the Blue Ribbons assaulted the Localists. That choice of language clearly show that Apple Daily is "fair and balanced" just like Fox News.

Have you been brainwashed by me yet?
Poisoned Fruit Daily
Say FUCK to the Poisoned Fruit

- Who is a Localist anyway? Here are some choices:
--- Someone whose ancestors were already in Hong Kong before 1898 and now has Ting Uk land rights in the New Territories
--- Someone whose parents were both born in Hong Kong
--- Someone who has at least one parent born in Hong Kong
--- Someone whose parents are Hong Kong permanent residents (but not necessarily born here)
--- Someone who has at least one parent who is a Hong Kong permanent resident (but not necessarily born here)
--- Someone who was born in a Hong Kong hospital (but his parents need not be)
--- Someone who was born in Hong Kong but not in a hospital (but his parents need not be born in Hong Kong)
--- Someone who was not born in Hong Kong but has become a Hong Kong permanent resident after living here for seven years or more
--- Someone who is here on a one-way visa but has stayed here for seven years in order to become a Hong Kong permanent resident
--- Someone who agrees with everything that Mr. Ho (no first name  please) of the Hong Kong Localism Power says.
If you come up with some rules, you will find it interesting that many of the loudest Localists aren't so Local after all.

- What are they REALLY protesting about?

It can't be because these singers/dancers make too much noise. On Sunday evening, the whole Sai Yeung Choi Street South is filled with performance artists.

  • Here are some foreigners dancing to Chim Chim Cheree: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G-dbsTmw9_M.

  • Here is another band with guitars and drums singing Sha la la la la in English https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IQn_qw3X1lc.

  • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vGSXMBqpiLI Here is People Power member Tam Tak-chi using the megaphone to yell things such as: "If the masked men tell you to assault someone, you should push him out to fight first!" "What happens after you beat someone up? What does universal suffrage happen after you finish beating people up?" "Don't underestimate the housewives, women, children and senior citizens in the Shopping Revolution. The anti-nuclear power protests in Japan were powered by housewives, moms, grandpas and grandmas".

It can't be because those people from a trash culture are playing trash music in putonghua:

It can't be because those people are taking over public space. Here is the lobby of the HSBC building filled with Filipina maids on a Sunday. The Localists have never complained.

For here is a large Sai Yeung Choi Street South crowd listening to a local band singing in English. No complaints either.

The real reason is given in Hong Kong Localism Power's call for action: "When Hong Kong Localism Power was holding its forum on Sai Yeung Street South pedestrian street last week, the Mong Kok Middle-aged Women Group increased their volume and overwhelmed our discussion. Therefore, we are starting an anti-locust movement to express our dissatisfaction with the Middle-aged Women Group!"

Get it!? This is just another gangland turf struggle. All other assertions are chaff counter-measures.

- If people seem to be confused about what is allowed and what is not allowed on the Sai Yeung Choi Street South pedestrian area, then it is urgent now to form a Localist committee so that they can decide for us. All those who want to perform on the street must pay a small fee for a limited-time stamp of approval. You have a nice leg, and you wouldn't want it broken, do you?
- Video: Monty Python skit of mafia blackmailing the British army https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cNZKUozrBl4
- This is a huge racket, because Localist committees will also be needed to decide on:
--- Events held at the Hong Kong Town Hall/Hong Kong Cultural Centre
--- Movies exhibited at the Hong Kong International Film Festival
--- Books sold at Joint Publishing/Commercial Press/Chung Hwa bookstores
--- Stores rented out in all shopping malls
--- Advertisements on radio/television
--- Academic appointments at the eight universities in Hong Kong
--- Hiring at all companies listed on the Hong Kong stock exchange
...

- Chronicle of a court trial outcome foretold


Defendant: "I was getting a headache at home. So I left my Lei Muk Shue home and went down to Mong Kok to buy an aspirin. I walked by the said location and the police arrested me without cause."
Magistrate: $300 fine or 120 days of community service or unconditional release.

- By stopping the Chinese middle-aged women from singing and dancing in a public area, the Localists have violated the following articles of the Basic Law:

Article 27
Hong Kong residents shall have freedom of speech, of the press and of publication; freedom of association, of assembly, of procession and of demonstration; and the right and freedom to form and join trade unions, and to strike.

[The subjects were not allowed to express themselves through singing/dancing; not allowed to assemble in a public area]

Article 28
The freedom of the person of Hong Kong residents shall be inviolable.

No Hong Kong resident shall be subjected to arbitrary or unlawful arrest, detention or imprisonment. Arbitrary or unlawful search of the body of any resident or deprivation or restriction of the freedom of the person shall be prohibited. Torture of any resident or arbitrary or unlawful deprivation of the life of any resident shall be prohibited.

[The subjects were subjected to deprivation or restriction of the freedom of person.]

Article 31
Hong Kong residents shall have freedom of movement within the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and freedom of emigration to other countries and regions. They shall have freedom to travel and to enter or leave the Region. Unless restrained by law, holders of valid travel documents shall be free to leave the Region without special authorization.

[The subjects were not allowed to move around at will.]

Article 34
Hong Kong residents shall have freedom to engage in academic research, literary and artistic creation, and other cultural activities.

[The subjects were not allowed to engage in artistic creation (singing and dancing) and were in fact told that their activities are 'trash'.]

If you ask the senior barristers of the Civic Party/Democratic Party to comment on this state of things, they will surely respond: "I don't have enough information on these events. I'll get back to you later if and when I find out more." Since they won't try to find out more, they won't ever have to comment.

- (Hong Kong Equal Opportunities Commission) Race Discrimination Ordinance

The RDO is an anti-discrimination law enacted in July 2008 to protect people against discrimination, harassment and vilification on the ground of their race. Under the RDO, it is unlawful to discriminate, harass or vilify a person on the ground of his/her race. The RDO has come into operation since 10 July 2009.

According to RDO, race in relation to a person means the race, colour, descent, national or ethnic origin of the person. Racial group means a group of persons identified by reference to race, colour, descent, national or ethnic origin. References to a persons racial group refer to any racial group into which the person falls.

If a person engages in an unwelcome, abusive, insulting or offensive behavior because of another persons or his/her near relatives race, which makes him feel threatened, humiliated or embarrassed then it is racial harassment. Racial harassment can be in any formphysical, visual, verbal or non-verbaland even a single incident may constitute racial harassment. It also occurs if a person creates a racially hostile environment for another person because of his/her or his/her near relatives race. Racial harassment is unlawful under the law. Example: Engaging in name calling, which people of certain racial groups may find offensive or impolite, or using a disparaging or offensive tone when communicating with people on the ground of their race could be racial harassment.

Racial harassment is an activity in public which incites hatred, serious contempt for, or severe ridicule of a person because of his/her race. Any racist incitement involving threat of physical harm to persons or their property or premises is considered serious vilification and is liable for fine to a maximum of $100,000 and imprisonment for a maximum of two years

- Why is so big deal about these street fights? Here is something that just happened the day before when several dozen South Asian refugees fought in Yuen Long: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eBqioXwhREs. And these are the people who are causing chaos in Hong Kong, not the Chinese female middle-aged singers/dancers. Why don't the Localists do something about the South Asian refugees?

- Twitter photo of the Chinese female middle-aged street singers/dancers:

- Twitter photo of protest message against Chinese female middle-aged street singers/dancers: Trash songs, trash music, go back to the mainland!

- Twitter photo of protest against Chinese female middle-aged street singers/dancers: Chinese bitches!

- Twitter photo of protest against Chinese female middle-aged street singers/dancers: Chinese Style Street Dancing is Nuisance. Chinese old ugly prostitutes. (P.S. Michael Tanner must be irritated at the Union Jack flags)

- A new word is introduced into the English language:

- (Oriental Daily) Global thinker/leader Joshua Wong was was suffering from a severe case of attention-deficiency on this night until 12:30am when he and his girlfriend Tiffany Chin were assaulted by a man and a woman near a McDonald's on Ivy Street, Tai Kok Tsui district. The man grabbed Wong by the neck and punched his face. Chin picked up the camera and tried to film, but the man pushed her down and dragged her on the ground by her hair. He tried to kick Wong again. The man and the woman then fled. Wong called the police who took him down to Kwong Wah Hospital for an examination.

- "As quiet as a mouse" - that's Joshua Wong if you ask him whether he supports assaulting Chinese middle-aged female singers/dancers in the pedestrian area.
- When he doesn't need the police, he calls them "police dogs." When he needs the police, he calls them "police uncles."
- While Wong was getting punched in the face, Chin did not immediately try to stop the man or call the police. Instead she took out her phone to start filming. Terrific sense of priority here.
- When Joshua Wong was arrested in Mong Kok previously, he claimed that the police squeezed his scrotum really hard. That is why he is reluctant to deal with them again.
- Joshua Wong asked the attacker: "Why?" The man replied: "I don't need any excuse to beat you up." Here is the big problem. Wong should not be asking the man that question. He should be asking: "What did I do to get assaulted?" That's where the solution lies.
- On July 1st, we need to march and demonstrate against the organized violence directed against our students. P.S. Don't forget to donate lots of money.
- This is yet another CIA false flag operation. The goal is to boost attendance and donations at the July 1st march.
- This was just so predictable. They've already tossed petrol bombs at Apple Daily and Jimmy Lai's home, hired a hit man to kill him with some bullets but no gun, tossed pig entrails at Jimmy Lai, etc. There aren't too many unplayed variations left.
- You write: "Hong Kong has become an awful place, in which people with different political opinions are violently attacked." I completely agree with you. Yes, it was really awful that the Chinese female middle-aged singers/dancers were violently attacked today.
- Derivative art or violent threat?

- Derivative art - A spoof of plaza dancing in the style of Wong Kar-wai's The Grandmaster. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HFAxMKVkId0

- "One Country Two Systems" was introduced in order to make sure that Hong Kong can retain its established system with a high degree of autonomy for at least 50 years after the 1997 handover. On one hand, some people don't want to see it become One County One System. Thus the Localists don't want to see mainland culture such as plaza dancing creep into Hong Kong. On the other hand, some people want to see it become One Country One System. Thus the Localists want to see popular culture such as plaza dancing be banned in Hong Kong just like on the mainland (see The Wall Street Journal: Will China Ban the Dancing Grannies?).
- Variation on a saying of Sigmund Freud: The great question that has never been answered, and which I have not yet been able to answer, despite my thirty years of research into the Localist's soul, is 'What does a Localist want?'

- (HKG Pao) Recently the government proposed to rebuild the Sai Lau Kok Garden in Tsuen Wan. However, People Power legislator Chan Wai-yip said that the rebuilt site would become a plaza for middle-aged women to sing/dance.
By this logic, we should not build any highways because the Yellow Ribbons will occupy it, and we should not designate any pedestrian malls because the Shopping Revolutionaries will take over? Pro-establishment said that are hundreds of thousands of "middle-aged women of Chinese descent" in Hong Kong and they have their right to use public space as they see fit (including singing and dancing together). Also, it was pointed out that Chan Wai-yip's wife fits the characterization of "Chinese middle-aged woman."

Hong Kong Localism Power Facebook June 21, 2015.

"Chase away the barbarians, give us back our Hong Kong"

When Hong Kong Localism Power was holding its forum on Sai Yeung Street South pedestrian street, the Mong Kok Middle-aged Women Group increased their volume and overwhelmed our discussion. Therefore, we are starting an anti-locust movement to express our dissatisfaction with the Middle-aged Women Group!

As of today, Hong Kong Localism Power will undertake a series of actions against the Mong Kong Middle-aged Bandit Women Singing Group in order to restore our genuine Hong Kong, to restore our Sai Yeung Choi Street South with its original thick local flavor. We will purge all Chinese barbarian culture, we will refuse to listen to bandit music, we will refuse to watch these old ladies dance. Please pay attention to our page!

Wan Chin's Facebook

The Localists have their own character in beating back the Middle-Aged Dancing Group. Raise a placard that says: "Ugly women doing old dances (homonym for "fuck the mother"), mainlanders applaud." Just walk over there and display it silently. Then you say that you a mainlander and enjoy seeing equality because everybody can become a dancer. If they disagree that they are ugly, you say: "I only said that ugly women can dance. Dancing is a human right. You are so pretty, so you should keep on dancing."

Internet comments:

- It is astonishing that the fake localists would switch from valiant discussions about throwing petrol bombs at oppose to opposing female middle-aged street singers/dancers in less than one month.

- DLLM! The fucking Yellow Ribbons occupied Sai Yeung Choi Street South for almost 80 days. During that time, they were using megaphones to deliver speeches from morning through the night. The local residents couldn't get any sleep and started to throw stuff out of their windows down onto the street at them. I do not recall seeing Hong Kong Localism Power coming out to valiantly protect the rights of those local residents.

- The last time I went to Sai Yeung Choi Street South, I saw the Hong Kong Localism Power booth. It was Sunday afternoon. There were all two of them. One of them manned the booth while the other spoke on the megaphone. The man on the megaphone was very worked up in describing their awesome achievements in the anti-parallel trader demonstrators. I stood and watched for about five minutes. Nobody else stopped at all. The man was just screaming into thin air.

- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ny8E9AqqdIY Video of Mr. Bean trying to do the plaza dance.

- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EdtVIHQEJZs Video of Chinese national plaza dancing championships

- https://www.facebook.com/498203090239831/posts/864265626981691 Video of the Mong Kok plaza dancing that Hong Kong Localism Power is going to put a stop to by beating the dancers up.

- (Southern Metropolis Daily) May 15, 2015. At a time when mainland residents are become less enthusiastic about plaza dancing, Hong Kong is quietly seeing a burst of plaza dancing in its parks, recreational areas and plazas. While the theme song for mainland plaza dancing is <Little Apple>, in Hong Kong the preferred song is <Can't afford to get hurt>.  On an early summer morning, a dozen or so middle-aged women began dancing in the Mong Kok Road recreational area. They lined up in three rows, they kicked their legs and waved their hands. Their motions were simple. They repeated the same song again and again. They stopped at 1030am. They told our reporter that they live in the neighborhood. They don't know each other too well, but they get together just for the dancing. "We are bored. Dancing gives us the change to exercise our bodies. At 7pm, some people also come here to dance before heading home to make dinner."

Chinese University of Hong Kong anthropologist Wang Qianni said, "In a globalized world, women everywhere seemed to pursue the same things. In developed countries such as England, senior citizens like to do modern sequence dancing and the English people respect their actions. In China, plaza dancing becomes the butt of jokes. Maybe this tells us that we should re-think tolerance in modern Chinese society." She also said: "Maybe it is not a question of middle-aged women's plaza dancing intruding into private space, but rather the issue is whether private space is intruding upon the public space of senior citizens. Urban designers should think about the demand of space as reflected in plaza dancing, as well as to come up with ideas about how to consider the needs of women and senior citizens."

- The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution: Event Announcement

Eradicate poor-quality culture
2015 June 28
Sai Yeung Choi Street South, Mong Kok
7:30pm
Hong Kong Indigeneous/Hong Kong Localism Power/Valiant Frontier
- Looks like the Hong Kong City-State valiant warriors are going out there to beat up some middle-aged women! That's called 'picking on someone your own size'.
- If love means never having to say that you're sorry, then democracy means never saying that someone else's culture is inferior and must be eradicated.

(SCMP) Last remaining tents cleared from Hong Kongs Occupy spillover camp outside Legco. June 24, 2015.

The last remaining pro-democracy protesters tents in front of Hong Kongs Legislative Council building were cleared this morning. Representatives from the Lands Department read an ultimatum, saying that anything left in the public areas in front of Legco could be removed, and that the government reserved the right to prosecute what it calls illegal occupiers. 

The clearance went smoothly, except for one Putonghua-speaking, middle-aged man  who seemed reluctant to leave. After talking to reporters and representatives from the Lands Department, he was taken away by two police officers to an unmarked white van, which left the area. 

Ellen Leung, a protester aged in her 30s, said she had been here intermittently since last year during the Occupy protests. The freelance marketing worker said that for the past few days, protesters had been gathering their remaining supplies, such as blankets, and getting them cleaned before donating them to charity. She said she was sad when the government cleared the Occupy camps last December after 79 days of protests, but this time she feels different because the governments political reform proposal was voted down by Legco last week. As least we achieved something when the political reform package didnt pass, Leung says. Now well continue our protests in the upcoming [District Council] elections.

Video:

(dbc) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fdMY0BM9aLI

Internet comments:

- Who is this "Putonghua-speaking, middle-aged man who seemed reluctant to leave"?
(Oriental Daily) The mainlander Wang Deng-yao who has overstayed his visit visa argued for a while before he was finally taken away by the police.

- When 12-year-old mainlander Siu Yau-wai was reported to have overstayed, the Valiant Front called for valiant demonstrations to have him deported immediately (see #247). Let's see whether the Valiant Front will hold valiant demonstrators to have Wang Deng-yao deported immediately. Helpful advice: Don't hold your breath.

- Ah, I remember Wang Deng-yao (see #218). The Oriental Daily photo does not show the state of his teeth. I wonder how many are left after today?

- (TVB) Wang Deng-yao argues with a Lands Department worker, who said: "This stuff now belongs to the government. This no longer belongs to you. Do you understand?" Wang Deng-yao argued back: "I am facing the prospect of becoming a street beggar. What can I do? What have I done wrong? What is wrong? Tell me. Don't take any action."
This is the end of the conversation. Before that, Wang Deng-yao had demanded more time. The worker told him that he was given three days' notice. Wang said: "I am especially dissatisfied because this government is treating me in an inhumane way ... "

- Question: Is panhandling criminalized in Hong Kong?
Answer: Who cares about any law? All I know is that there are beggars everywhere (in Mong Kok, Causeway Bay, etc).
- CA 228 Section 26A Punishment of persons begging alms:

Any person who wanders abroad, or places himself or herself in any public place, street or waterway to beg or gather alms, or causes or procures or encourages any child or children so to do, commits an offence and is liable on conviction-

        (a) for a first or second offence, to a fine of $500 and to imprisonment for 1 month; and
        (b) for a third or subsequent offence, to a fine of $500 and to imprisonment for 12 months.

- Some other prior arrests for Wang Deng-yao:
(SCMP) December 12, 2014. A Beijing resident shouted "Down with the Communist Party!" before he was carried away. Wang Dengyao, 55, said he had also taken part in the 1989 Tiananmen Square student movement, and had entered the city this week to "find out about the real situation in Hong Kong".
(CUHK) December 15, 2014. Wang Deng-yao and other arrested protesters in Causeway Bay have been released. His visa is due to expire today, so the police have asked him to leave tonight.
Take care, good luck and thank you, Mr Wang.
(EJinsight) April 28, 2015.
The arrests came after nearly 100 people staged a demonstration, blocking three south-bound traffic lanes on Nathan Road outside the Sino Centre, Apple Daily reported. Among the arrested was Wang Deng-yao, who is said to have taken part in pro-democracy demonstrations in Beijings Tiananmen Square 25 years ago.
So why hasn't he been convicted/deported?
- Wang Deng-yao has probably procured a Civic Party senior barrister to file a petition for political asylum and now can stay on while his petition is being considered.
- More precisely, Wang Deng-yao said that he lost his mainland ID and his application for a replacement was not approved. He applied for political asylum to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugee but was turned down. His only choice now is to go to Thailand, but he does not own any valid travel document. Therefore, he is stuck in Hong Kong for now. He cannot work but he also cannot be deported. He can't find work because anyone who hires him is guilty of hiring an illegal worker.

- (Oriental Daily) Benny Mok was at the scene holding a banner and a yellow umbrella. He said that he has stayed for 250 days and he will miss the place. He said that it was unjust to clear the site, because the demonstrators have the right to demonstrate at the East Wing of Government Headquarters. Mok said that Tim Mei Village represents civil society in this new era and that this suppression will not succeed. As to being accused of blocking the street, Mok said that the demonstrators were not allowed neither to enter Civic Plaza to express their demands nor stay overnight at the Legislative Council demonstration area. Therefore, they should be allowed the trivial right to sleep in the street. He said that he will be back, although he won't be staying over.

- (EJinsight) November 12, 2014.

Former government surveyor Benny Mok has decided to end his hunger strike, after spending 40 days outside the government headquarters, Apple Daily reported Wednesday. The 51-year-old Mr. Hungry said he would not hesitate to go on another hunger strike, if the government makes defamatory remarks on the student protesters or clears out the protest sites by force. I could also try preparing food for those who are staying at the protest sites, he said. Mok, who is suffering from diabetes, said he has lost 30 pounds over the last 40 days as he only relied on saline solution for nourishment. However, his conditions have improved.

- Here is a photo of Benny Mok on day 20 of his hunger strike:

Peace, brother!

- (TVB) Demonstrator Mr. Yuan said: "I'm going to miss this place and the relationships that I have formed with the people here. I am going to sit here to watch them remove their stuff. I worry whether they have left valuables behind. Some people did not come back to pick up their valuables. We are leaving. Naturally, next month, someone else is coming back to build a camp again."

- This Mr. Yuan is incoherent. He has no idea what he is saying.

- Some people did not come back to pick up their valuables? This means that their tents were not occupied. So this was a tent city where no one is staying at?

- I'll be back.

- (Oriental Daily) Photos of things that will be thrown away by the Lands Department workers. Who brought this over?

Q1. Are you disappointed that the universal suffrage proposal was vetoed?
52%: Yes
38%: No
6%: Hard to say
4%: No opinion

Q2. Do you think that the veto of the universal suffrage proposal has an impact on the prospects of democratic development in Hong Kong?
27%: Yes, for the better
46%: Yes, for the worse
15%: No change
10%: Hard to say
2%: No opinion

Q3. Do you think that the veto of the universal suffrage proposal has an impact on governance in Hong Kong?
19%: Yes, for the better
48%: Yes, for the worse
14%: No change
10%: Hard to say
9%: No opinion

Q4. Do you think that the veto of the universal suffrage proposal has an impact on the relationship between the central government and Hong Kong?
10%: Yes, for the better
52%: Yes, for the worse
23%: No change
14%: Hard to say
1%: No opinion

Q5. In the long term, do you the veto of the universal suffrage proposal is a good or bad thing for Hong Kong?
29%: Good thing
63%: Bad thing
5%: Hard to say
3%: No opinion

Q6. Who do you think is the biggest loser when the universal suffrage proposal was vetoed?
9%: Central government
17%: Pan-democrats
50%: The people of Hong Kong
12%: The Hong Kong SAR government
6%: The pro-establishment camp
1%: Others
1%: No losers
6%: Hard to say
1%: No opinion

Q7. Who do you think bears the most responsibility for the veto of the universal suffrage proposal?
15%: Central government
56%: Pan-democrats
3%: The people of Hong Kong
14%: The Hong Kong SAR government
5%: The pro-establishment camp
1%: Others
4%: Hard to say
2%: No opinion

Q8. Do you think the Hong Kong SAR government should focus on the constitutional reform or economic/livelihood issues in the remaining time of its term?
15%: Constitutional reform
74%: Economic/livelihood issues
4%: Other issues
2%: Hard to say
5%: No opinion

Q9. Some people are advocating to repay the pan-democrats for their veto of the universal suffrage proposal by voting against them in the upcoming elections?
62%: Agree
19%: Disagree
12%: Hard to say
7%: No opinion

More at Occupy Central Part 3.


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